Madinah - المَدِينَةُ النَّبَوِيَّةُ

The proper name of the city of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, to which he emigrated from Makkah and in which he lived and died.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Perfect - كمالية

Reaching the state of perfection.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Religious opinion - فَتْوَى

Giving a non-binding religious ruling.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Marriage - نِكَاحٌ

A contract between a male and a female that permits them to enjoy each other legitimately.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Purity - طُهْرٌ

The interval during which the woman is free from menses and post-natal bleeding.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Ritual bath - غُسْلٌ

Pouring water all over the body with the intention to remove major ritual impurity, or to perform the recommended purification, or without any intention.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Voluntary prayer - صَلاةُ التَّطوُّعِ

The voluntary prayers that Allah Almighty legislated as extra to the obligatory prayers.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Witr prayer - صَلاةُ الوِتْرِ

A prayer performed between ‘Ishā’ prayer and the break of dawn to conclude the night prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Congregational prayer - صَلاةُ الجَماعَةِ

Performing prayer in congregation.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Ritual state of consecration - إحْرامٌ

The intention to start the rituals of Hajj or ‘Umrah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Translation - تَرْجَمَةٌ

Interpreting speech and rendering it from one language to another.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Unlawful - حَرامٌ

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Month of Ramadān - شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ

The ninth month of the Hijri calendar.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Invoking blessings upon the Prophet - الصَّلاةُ على النَّبِيِّ صلّى اللهُ عليه وسلّم

Allah’s praise of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) before the higher assembly of close angels.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Regular Sunnah prayers - السُّنَنُ الرَّواتِبُ

The confirmed Sunnah prayers which are performed before or after the obligatory prayers.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Divorce - طَلاقٌ

Dissolving the marriage contract wholly or partially on the spot or at a later time using specific words or metaphors to the same effect.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Islamic inheritance law - فَرائِضُ

A branch of knowledge which states who is eligible to inherit from the deceased and who is not, and the exact share of each heir.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Remembrance of Allah - ذِكْرٌ

Any statement that includes glorification of Allah and expressing love for Him.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Amen - آمِينْ

A word that is said upon completing the recitation of Surat al-Fātihah and at the end of supplications. It means: "O Allah, answer the supplication".

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Prayer times - أَوْقاتُ الصَّلاةِ

The times set by Shariah for the performance of prayers.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Dutifulness to one’s parents - بِرُّ الوالِدَيْنِ

Dutifulness and kindness to one’s parents through words and deeds during their life and after their death.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Greeting of peace - السَلامٌ

The greeting said by a Muslim when he meets or leaves his fellow Muslims.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Estate/Legacy - تَرِكَةٌ

All types of properties or rights that a person leaves behind after his death.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Purification - طَهارَةٌ

Eliminating ritual impurities and filth which prevent the state of purity required for performing prayer.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Desirability - اسْتِحْبابٌ

Request of the Lawgiver (Allah) to do something in a way that is not binding.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Puberty - بُلُوغٌ

A strength that comes to a child and transforms him into a man or a woman.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Seeking forgiveness - اسْتِغْفارٌ

Asking Allah Almighty to pardon one’s sins and to protect him from their consequences.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Obligatory alms - الزَكاة

Giving out a specific part of certain kinds of property in a certain manner to certain types of people.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Charity - صَدَقَةٌ

The donation that a person gives from his own wealth as an act of worship and in pursuit of reward from Allah Almighty.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Prayer direction - قِبْلَةٌ

The direction the Muslims face in prayer.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Grave - قَبْرٌ

The place where a dead person is buried in the ground.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Washing the deceased - تَغْسِيلُ المَيِّتِ

Washing the entire body of the deceased with water in a Shariah-approved manner.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Devil - شَيْطانٌ

Name of the disbelieving jinn who is created from fire.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Prayer - صَلاةٌ

A set of statements and actions that starts with Takbīr and ends with Taslīm.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Declaring someone a disbeliever - تَكْفِيرٌ

Judging a Muslim to be an apostate.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Burying the dead - دَفنٌ الميت

Placing the deceased person in his grave and covering him with dust.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Fast-breaking charity - زَكاةُ الفِطْرِ

Charity consisting of food that becomes obligatory at the end of Ramadān.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Zakah on gold and silver - زَكاةُ النَّقْدَينِ

Giving out a specific amount of gold, silver, or of their product or banknotes to those who deserve Zakah if they reach the Nisāb (amount liable for Zakah) and one lunar year elapses while they are in the owner’s possession.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Visiting the graves - زِيارَةُ القُبُورِ

Visiting the graves of Muslims with the intention to supplicate for them, derive lessons from their condition, and remember the Hereafter.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Tenth of Muharram - عاشُوراءُ

The tenth day of the month of Muharram.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Following the funeral procession - تَشْيِيعُ الجَنازَةِ

Following the deceased and carrying him to the place where the funeral prayer will be offered for him and the place where he will be buried.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Usury - رِبا

A stipulated increase with no exchange for credit in return for delaying the settlement of a due debt. It is also an increase or a delay in cash on selling things of a specified type on the spot.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Prohibited sale transactions - بُيوعٌ مَنْهِيٌّ عنها

Sale transactions that are prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

The five prayers - الصَّلَواتُ الخَمْسُ المَفْرُوضَةُ

The five prayers that should be performed every day and night. They are: Zhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, ‘Ishā’, and Fajr prayers.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Forbidden acts during Ihrām - مَـحْظُوراتُ الإحْرامِ

Practices that are prohibited for a person in the state of Ihrām for Hajj or ‘Umrah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Ablution - وُضوءٌ

Using pure water to wash particular body parts in a particular manner as an act of worship.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Eid prayers - صَلاةُ العِيدَينِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer that is performed in a specific manner on the day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Ad-ha.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Friday prayer - صَلاةُ الجُمُعَةِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer to be performed after the two-part sermon at noon on Friday.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Funeral prayer - صَلاةُ الجَنازَةِ

Supplication and prayer offered for a deceased person in a specific manner.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Supererogatory prayer - صَلاةُ النَّافِلَةِ

Voluntary prayers legislated in addition to the five obligatory prayers.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Fasting - الصَّوْمُ

To abstain from whatever breaks the fast from the break of dawn until sunset while having this intention.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Belief - اعْتِقاد

Everything that a person believes in with absolute certainty, his heart agrees with, and he adopts as a doctrine.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Tribalism/Fanaticism - عَصَبِيَّةٌ

To defend those you care about whether they are right or wrong, in support of your tribe, group, color, or the like.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Obligation - وُجُوبٌ

Allah's ordainment a certain act to be done by way of obligation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lying/Falsehood - كَذِبٌ

To report about something in a way contrary to its reality, whether deliberately or mistakenly.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Sale transaction - بيع

Exchange of a property for another for the purpose of ownership and transferring ownership.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Musical instruments - مَعَازِفُ

Musical instruments like the flute and so on.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Shariah objectives - مَقَاصِدُ الشَّرِيعَةِ

The objectives and rationales that the Lawgiver took into consideration, generally and specifically, while legislating to achieve people’s interests.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Disbelief - كُفْرٌ

It is the opposite of Islam or a statement, act, belief, doubt, or neglect of an obligation which takes one out of the fold of Islam.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Undesirability - كَراهَةٌ

A statment of the Lawgiver (Allah) ordering to avoid something, but not in strictly prohibitory terms.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Russian

Protection - عِصْمَةٌ

Protection of man’s life, property, and honor.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Slaughter - ذَكَاةٌ

Spilling the blood of an animal in a certain manner.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Theft - سَرِقةٌ

Secretly taking some valuable property from a secure place where property is usually hidden.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Praising Allah - تَحْمِيدٌ

Saying: "Rabbana wa lak al-hamd" (Our Lord, and all praise is due to You) upon standing upright after rising from "rukū‘" (bowing) in prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Prohibition - تَحْرِيمٌ

A firm command by the Almighty Lawgiver to refrain from a particular action.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Bowing - ركوع

Worshiping Allah Almighty by bowing the head and back in a certain manner in prayer.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Concealing must-cover body parts - سَتْرُ العَوْرَةِ

Covering the parts of the body that people find it embarrassing and shameful to reveal, especially during prayer, like the private parts.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Prostration of forgetfulness - سُجُودُ السَّهْوِ

Two prostrations performed in order to make up for a deficiency in the prayer due to doubt or forgetfulness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Tranquility in prayer - الطُّمَأْنِينَةٌ في الصلاة

Calmness and settlement of all parts of the body for an interval of time in all pillars of prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Must-cover body parts - عَوْرَةٌ

The body parts that should be covered and which one feels shy about uncovering, such as the private parts and the buttocks.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Mosque - مَسْجِدٌ

A place allocated for establishing prayer on a permanent basis.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

The Sunnah - سنة

The guidance followed by the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and his noble Companions in terms of religious affairs, which include statements, actions, and beliefs.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

The Verse of al-Kursi - آيةُ الكُرْسِيِّ

Verse 255 of Surat al-Baqarah in the Noble Qur’an.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Misguidance - ضلال

Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Obedience - طاعَةٌ

To do what is commanded and abstain from what is forbidden out of compliance whether in terms of statements, actions, or beliefs.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Mind/Intellect - عقل

The cognitive instinct by which Allah Almighty has distinguished man from other living beings. Loss of mind renders the person no longer accountable for religious duties.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Minor Hajj - عُمْرَةٌ

Visiting the Sacred Mosque in Makkah any day of the year to perform special rituals.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Drinking alcohol - شُرْبُ الخَمْرِ

Consuming any intoxicant, be it liquid or solid, in small or large quantities.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Abandonment of prayer - تَرْكُ الصَّلاةِ

When an accountable person intentionally, forgetfully, or out of laziness abandons the obligatory prayers until the due time is over.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Perjury/False testimony - شَهادَة الزُّورِ

Intentionally giving a false testimony with the aim of deception.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Islamic law - الشريعة

The clear course in the religion that includes the beliefs, rulings, and ethics.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Forbidden things - محظورات

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Adultery/Illegal sexual intercourse - زِنَى [زِنَا]

Sexual intercourse with a woman outside marriage or without her being the man’s female slave or doubtful female slave or wife.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Independent reasoning - اجتهاد

A scholar making his best efforts to reach a secondary Shariah ruling based on the relevant proofs.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Permissible - جَائِزٌ

Everything permitted and sanctioned by the Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Voluntary night prayer - قِيامُ اللَّيْلِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Eclipse - كُسُوفٌ

"Kusūf": eclipse. It is derived from "kasafa". Original meaning of "kasf": change into something unpleasant.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Woman’s dress code - لِباسُ المَرْأَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Disobedient person - فاسِقٌ

"Fāsiq": one who departs from obedience and uprightness. Original meaning: something exiting something else in order to corrupt it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Integrity/Uprightness - عَدالَةٌ

"‘Adālah": holding fast to the truth. "‘Adl": justice, anything that is considered upright. Opposite: oppression. It is originally derived from "i‘tidāl", which means moderation and straightness. Other meanings: equality, integrity, purity.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Killing - قَتْلٌ

"Qatl": killing, causing to die, taking the life of someone.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Bedouins - أَعْرابٌ

"A‘rāb": Bedouins, desert dwellers from the Arabs or non-Arabs. It is derived from "ta‘arrub", which means: living in the desert with Bedouins.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Breaking the fast - إفْطارٌ

"Iftār": breaking one’s fast by eating or drinking. Opposite: fasting. It is derived from "fitr", which means: split, opening.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Deception/Fraud - تَدْلِيسٌ

"Tadlīs": hiding, concealing. Other meanings: deception, cheating, betrayal, decrease.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Menstrual Period - قُرْءٌ

"Qur’" (pl. aqrā’): time; hence, it is used to refer to the duration of menses or menstrual purity. Other meanings: gathering together, as blood gathers inside the woman’s womb.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Obscene lie - إِفْكٌ

"Ifk": lying. It is derived from "afk", which means changing and diverting the truth. Other meanings: sin, false testimony, slander, falsehood.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Confession/Acknowledgment - إِقْرارٌ

"Iqrār": confession, acknowledgment. Opposite: denial. It is derived from "qarr", which means: capability, stability.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Lending - إِقْراضٌ

"Iqrād": lending. It is derived from "qard" (loan), which means cutting off.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Row - صَفٌّ

"Saff": a straight part of anything. Original meaning of "saff" and "tasfīf": straightening things along a straight line.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Safa - صَفا

"Safa" (sing. safāh): the wide, hard, flat stone which nothing grows on. It is derived from "safā’", which means purity.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Circumambulation Prayer - صَلاةُ الطَّوافِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Prayer of the sick - صَلاةُ المَرِيضِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Cleansing with stones - اسْتِجْمارٌ

"Istijmār": cleansing the private parts after answering the call of nature with "jimār", i.e. small stones.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Consensus - إِجْماعٌ

"Ijmā‘": the agreement among a group of people over a certain matter.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Dowry - صَداقٌ

"Sadāq": dowry given to the woman. It is derived from "sidq", which means: strength, durability. The dowry is also known as "farīdah", "mahr", "ajr", etc.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Inheritance - إِرْثٌ

"Irth": property left by a deceased person. Original meaning: transfer of something from a group of people to another.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Duress/Compulsion - إِكْراهٌ

"Ikrāh": forcing someone to do something he dislikes. It is derived from "kurh", which means dislike.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Mutual consent - تَراضٍ

"Tarādi": mutual agreement between two parties. It is derived from "rida", which means: the willingness to say or do something and feeling comfortable with it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Repeating - تَرْجِيعٌ

"Tarjī‘": repeating, repetition of a recitation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Granting concession - تَرْخِيصٌ

"Tarkhīs": facilitating, making things easy. Other meanings: decreasing, reducing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Funeral/The dead body in the bier - جَنازَةٌ

"Janāzah": The body of the deceased person. It may also mean the bier on which the dead person is carried. It is originally derived from "tajnīz", which means: preparing and making ready (for burial).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Prescribed legal punishments - حُدُودٌ

"Hūdūd" (sing. hadd): a limit set between two things; the terminal point of something. It is also used to mean prevention because it prevents the person from repeating the sin, as is the case in the punishment for fornication. The "hudūd" of Allah Almighty are the rulings which He laid down and forbade people from violating.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The Black Stone - الحَجَرُ الأَسْوَدُ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Option to rescind - خِيارٌ

"Khiyār": pursuit of the best among things. Original meaning: inclining to something. It is derived from "ikhtiyār", which means: selecting, choosing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Testimony - شَهادَةٌ

"Shahādah": telling information obtained by means of witnessing or seeing some incident.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Obsession/Whispering - وَسْوَسَةٌ

"Waswasah": covert voice and speech. Other meanings: vain self-talk, evils, and bad thoughts.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

False accusation of adultery - قَذْفٌ

"Qadhf": throwing something away. It also means cursing and was later used to refer to false accusation of adultery.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Judgment - قَضاءٌ

"Qadā’": judging; decreeing; resolving (a dispute). "Qādi": judge; the one who judges and settles the dispute. Other meanings: completion, accomplishment.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Designated places for assuming ihrām - مَواقِيت

"Mawāqīt" (sing. miqāt): the time or place designated for a certain action.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Tooth-stick - سِواكٌ

"Siwāk": small twig used for brushing one’s teeth. It is derived from "sawk", which means inclining, moving. Other meanings: brushing, rubbing.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prayer imām - إِمامٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Intercession - شَفاعَةٌ

"Shafā‘ah": requesting something on behalf of someone. Other meanings: increasing, joining and partnering with.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Proclaiming the start of prayer - إِقامَةٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu

Drinker of alcohol - شارِبُ الخَمْرِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Quasi deliberate intent - شِبْهُ العَمْدِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Lesbianism - سِحاقٌ

"Sihāq": sexual enjoyment between a woman and another woman. It is derived from "sahq", which means: remoteness, crushing (as lesbians press their sexual organs against each other).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sultan - السُلْطانٌ

"Sultān": Ruler, governor. It is derived from "salātah", which means: power, capability, overcoming. Other meanings: Caliph, imām, judge, evidence, proof.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Debt - دَيْنٌ

"Dayn": debt. It is derived from "dāna". Original meaning: submission, humiliation. It also means: delay. "Dayn" was called as such because of the humiliation it involves, or because its settlement is delayed to a future date.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Major purification - طَهارَةٌ كُبْرَى

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

Wealth/Money - أَمْوالٌ

"Amwāl" (sing. māl): everything that can be possessed by humans.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Livestock - أَنْعامٌ

"An‘ām" (sing. na‘am): cattle; camels, cows, sheep. It is derived from "tana‘‘um", which means: prosperity, enjoyment, affluence.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Rulers/Those in authority - أُولُو الأَمْرِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Connection/Link - اتِّصالُ الصُّفوف

"Ittisāl": the state of being connected and linked together. Original meaning: association, gathering. Opposite: disconnection, separation.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Determined amount of something - نصاب

"Hisbah": amount, origin. It is derived from "nasb", which means: erecting, raising.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Sacrificial animal - أُضْحِيَّةٌ

"Ud'hiyah": a name given to the animal that one slaughters as a sacrifice to Allah. It originally refers to the animal slaughtered on the Day of Nahr (Eid al-Ad'ha, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Loan - قَرْضٌ

"Qard": something cut off another thing. It also means loan, what someone gives to someone else, to be paid back later.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Impure water - ماءٌ نَجِسٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Abstaining from invalidators of the fast - إمْساكٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Family - أَهْلٌ

"Ahl": family, close relatives. It also refers to a person’s followers and companions. A man’s "ahl" is his wife and close family members.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Nocturnal emission - احْتِلامٌ

"Ihtilām": seeing sexual intercourse or the like during sleep, whether this is accompanied by ejaculation or not. Other meanings: discernment, puberty.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Mourning - إحْدادٌ

"Ihdād": giving up or refraining from something, such as when a woman gives up her charms and adornments after her husband’s death. It is derived from "hadd", which means: barring and isolating two things.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prevention from completing Hajj/‘Umrah - إحْصارٌ

"Ihsār": gathering, detention, prevention. Examples of "ihsār" include such cases when a person is prevented by illness or travel from doing something, and when a pilgrim is prevented by illness or some other cause from completing the rituals of Hajj.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Capacity to remain chaste through marriage - إحْصانٌ

"Ihsān": preventing. A "muhsana" woman is a chaste one.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Ending the state of Ihrām - إِحْلالٌ

"Ihlāl": It is the opposite of "ihrām" (ritual state of consecration assumed for Hajj or ‘Umrah). Original meaning: opening something.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Good manners/Politeness - أَدَبٌ

"Adab": good manners and noble actions. Its original meaning is calling, as it calls people to what is praiseworthy.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Permission - إذْنٌ

"Idhn": permission. Original meaning: to lift prohibition, to permit. Other meanings: proclamation, from which comes the word "Adhān" (the call to prayer).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Lengthening the garment - إِسْبالٌ

"Isbāl": letting down. Original meaning: to let something hang down from a high place to a lower one, or extending something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Appointing a successor - اسْتِخْلافٌ

"Istikhlāf": appointing someone as a deputy or successor. It is derived from "khalaf", which means: replacement, substitution.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Calamity supplication - اسْتِرْجاعٌ

"Istirjā‘": restoring, recovering, and reclaiming (something). It also refers to saying: "Inna lillah wa inna ilayhi rāji‘ūn." (We belong to Allah, and to Him we shall return.)

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Straightening the rows - تَسْوِيَةٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Late supererogatory night prayer - تهجد

"Tahajjud": getting up from sleep. It is originally derived from "hujūd", which means sleep in the night.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Deductive reasoning - اِسْتِنْباطٌ

"Istinbāt": deduce. It is derived from "anbat", which means "extract" and originally comes from "nabat", which is the water that comes out of the well immediately after it is dug up.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Family - أُسْرَةٌ

"Usrah": family, close relatives. It is derived from "asara" and "asr", which originally means strength.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Exposing the right shoulder - اضْطِباعٌ

"Idttibā‘": inserting one’s garment under one’s right arm and then throws its ends over one’s left shoulder, exposing the right shoulder.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Consolation - تَعْزِيَةٌ

"Ta‘ziyah": enjoining and urging someone to show patience. It is derived from "‘azā’", which means patience. Other meanings: solace, comfort.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Discretionary punishment - تَعْزِيرٌ

"Ta‘zīr": It is derived from "‘azr", which means: preventing, repelling.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Travel - سَفَرٌ

"Safar": crossing a distance. Original meaning: appearing, getting revealed.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Anger - غَضَبٌ

"Ghadab": anger, great dissatisfaction. Opposite: "rida" (contentment). Original meaning: strength, hardness. Other meanings: a change that occurs in humans when the blood of their heart boils and they seek revenge.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Following the Imām - ائتمام

"I’timām": imitating and following something and acting like it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Agreement - اِتِّفاقٌ

"Ittifāq": agreement, conformity and closeness between two things. Other meanings: convergence, unity, harmony.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Defect - عَيْبٌ

"Ayb": defect, ugliness, anything contradicting sound Fitrah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Changing - تَغْيِيرٌ

"Taghyīr": changing, removing. Other meanings: shifting, distorting, abrogating, substituting.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Negligence - تَفْرِيطٌ

"Tafrīt": neglecting, wasting. Original meaning: removing something from its place. Other meanings: carelessness, delay.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Mutual receipt - تَقابُضٌ

"Taqābud": exchanging two things between two people, as happens when each of the trading parties receives what is given by the other.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sin - إِثْمٌ

"Ithm": sin, the sin that makes the sinner deserving of punishment. Original meaning: slowness, delay.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Endowment funds - أَحْباسٌ

"Ahbās" (sing. hibs): anything used to stop the flow of water, such as a stone or the like. Original meaning: stopping.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Cupping - اِحْتِجامٌ

"Ihtijām": extracting blood from the body. It is derived from "hajm", which means sucking. Other meanings: seeking "hijāmah" (wet cupping).

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Right of preemption - شُفْعَةٌ

"Shuf‘ah": attaching, owning.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Prayer for rain - صَلاةُ الاسْتِسْقاءِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

Inheritance distribution - تَقْسِيمٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Equivalence - كَفاءَةٌ

"Kafā’ah": equivalence, equality, comparison.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Discernment - تَمْيِيزٌ

"Tamyīz": isolating and sorting out something; keeping something away; separating and distinguishing between similar things.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Making up for missed prayers - صَلاةُ الفَوائِتِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Image - صُورَةٌ

"Sūrah": appearance, shape. Other meanings: description, copy of an original.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Removing facial hair - نَمْصٌ

"Nams": plucking hair. It is also said to mean: plucking facial hair.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Documentation - تَوْثِيقٌ

"Tawthīq": strengthening and establishing something. Original meaning: precision, perfection. It is derived from "wathīqah", which means something used a proof, such as letter and the like.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Invalid/False - باطِلٌ

"Bātil": false, invalid. Opposite: true, valid. Original meaning: going away or remaining for a short time.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Interdiction - حَجْرٌ

"Hajr": preventing, banning. Other meanings: narrowing, limiting. As derived from this, the mind is called "hijr", because it prevents one from doing reprehensible things.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Child custody - حَضَانَةُ

"Hadānah": protecting something and maintaining it. Original meaning: taking something into one’s "hidn", i.e. under the arm. "Hādinah": female protector.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Aggressors/Transgressors - بُغاةٌ

"Bughāh" (sing. bāghi): transgressor, oppressor. It is derived from "baghy", which means: exceeding the limits.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Jerusalem - بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Assuming liability - ضَمانٌ

"Damān": guaranteeing, assuming liability. Original meaning: putting something in another thing that contains it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Grudge/Malice - حِقْدٌ

"Heqd": retaining animosity within the heart. Original meaning: retaining, withholding. Other meanings: dislike, hatred.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Saying: There is no power or strength except by Allah - حَوْقَلَةٌ

"Hawqalah": The statement: "La hawla wa la quwwata illa billāh" (There is no power or strength except by Allah).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Fast walk - رَمَلٌ

"Ramal": walking rapidly while shaking the shoulders and taking short steps. "Raml" is faster than normal walk and slower than running.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Throwing the pebbles - رَمْي الجمرات

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

The hour of answering supplications - ساعَةُ الإِجابَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Free-grazing livestock - سائِمَةٌ

"Sā’imah": a grazing animal that feeds on lawful grass and herbage. It is derived from "sawm", which originally means: going after something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The cause of Allah - سَبِيلُ اللهِ تعالى

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Praying barrier/screen - سُتْرَةُ المُصَلِّي

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Blocking the means to evil - سَدُّ الذَّرائِعِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Loaned item - عارِيَّةٌ

"‘Āriyah": loaned item, loan. It is originally derived from "ta‘āwur", which means: alternation, circulation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Purification - تَطْهِيرٌ

"Tat'hīr": cleansing, purification. Other meanings: absolution, freeing from impurities.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Hastening/Rushing - تَعْجِيلٌ

"Ta‘jīl": hastening; doing something before its due time. It is derived from "‘ajalah", which is the opposite of slowness and tardiness. Other meanings: doing something before another.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Choice related to the transaction place - خِيارُ المَجْلِسِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Excuse - عُذْرٌ

"‘Udhr": A proof that one uses for an excuse. Everything that removes blame is an excuse.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Stoning the adulterer to death - رَجْمٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Apostasy - رِدَّةٌ

"Riddah": return, conversion. Other meanings: reversion, rejection, denial, transition.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Bribe - رِشْوَةٌ

"Rishwah": allowance, gift, any means that helps one reach something. It came to be used to refer specifically to means leading to forbidden things.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Breastfeeding/Wet-nursing - رَضاعٌ

"Radā‘": sucking the breast, or drinking milk from the breast.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Gentleness - رِفْق

"Rifq": gentleness, leniency. Opposite: harshness, severity. Other meanings: ease, facilitation. Original meaning: benefit.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Pillar - رُكْنٌ

"Rukn": foundation, support, strongest side, pivot. It is derived from "rakn", which means strength, firmness. Other meanings: the supporting pillar of something, which keeps it erect.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Extravagance/Wastefulness - تَبْذِيرٌ

"Tabdhīr": dispersing, scattering. It is derived from "badhr", which means: scattering seeds in the soil. Other meanings: spreading, excessiveness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Donation - تَبَرُّعٌ

"Tabarru‘": voluntary donation of something. Original meaning: winning, surpassing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Compensating/Paying for damages - تَعْوِيضٌ

"Ta‘wīd": giving compensation to someone. It is derived from "‘iwad", which means: compensation, substitute.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

A sitting posture in prayer - تَوَرُّكٌ

"Tawarruk": resting on one’s hip, the part above the thigh. It is also used to refer to reclining.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Facilitation - تَيْسِيرٌ

"Taysīr": facilitation, easing. It is derived from "yusr", which means: ease, docility. Opposite: hardship, difficulty.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Starting with the right side - تَيمُّنٌ

"Tayammun": starting actions with the right hand, the right leg, and the right side in general. It is also used to mean: asking Allah for "yumn" (blessings and prosperity).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Rejection/Denial - جُحُودٌ

"Juhūd": denial, rejection. Opposite: acknowledgment. Original meaning: scarcity of anything.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Resisting the aggressor - دَفْعُ الصّائِلِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Protected non-Muslim - ذِمِّيٌّ

"Dhimmi": one who is given protection and security. It is derived from "dhimma", which means: covenant, protection.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Womb/Kinship - رَحِمٌ

"Rahim": womb, kinship, relationship.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Faith healing/Incantation - رُقْيَةٌ

"Ruqyah": protection, preservation. It is derived from "taraqqi", which means: ascension, elevation. Other meanings: incantation, fortification.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Mortgage - رَهْنٌ

"Rahn": constancy, permanence, withholding, sticking to something.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Divination - عِرافَةٌ

"‘Irāfah": the profession of the fortune-teller, soothsayer, or astrologer who claim to know the unseen and the future.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Down payment - عَرْبُونٌ

"‘Arbūn": down payment; when someone buys something and gives the seller a down payment in advance. It is derived from "i‘rāb", which means: clarifying and manifesting.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Obligation - فَرْضٌ

"Fard": cutting, obligation, appraisal.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Shortening the prayer - قَصْرُ الصَّلاةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Making up for missed prayers - قَضاءُ الفَوائِتِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Prohibited times of prayer - أَوْقاتُ الكَراهَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Qur’anic verse - آيَةٌ

"Āyah" (pl. āyāt"): sign, indication, a verse of the Qur’an. Other meanings: miracle, proof, evidence, wonder, admonition.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Pre-seminal fluid - مَذْيٌ

"Madhy": a thin whitish liquid released from the penis upon sexual arousal, foreplay, kissing, or imagining sexual acts.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Taking a divorced wife back - مُراجَعَةٌ

"Murāja‘ah": referring back (to someone) to consult (him). It also means taking the wife back after divorcing her. It is originally derived from "raj‘", which means: returning.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

False offer of a higher price to cheat the buyer - نَجْشٌ

"Najsh": provoking and extracting something. It is said to originally mean: praising and flattering.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Abrogation - نَسْخٌ

"Naskh": removing and moving, copying. Original meaning: replacing something with another. Other meanings: converting, changing, abrogating.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Disobedience/Misbehaving - نُشُوز

"Nushūz": It is derived from "nashz", which means: a high, elevated place. A "nāshiz" wife is the one who disobeys her husband, hates him, treats him with arrogance.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Duty/Obligation - وَاجِبٌ

"Wājib": required, established. It is derived from "wujūb", which means: requirement, establishment, falling.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Non-marriageable relative - مَحارِمُ

"Mahārim" (sing. mahram): What has been forbidden by Allah and cannot be made lawful. A person who is "mahram" to someone is non-marriageable to him or her.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Pulpit - مِنْبَرٌ

"Minbar": a raised place. It is derived from the "nabr", which means: rising above ground level.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Post-natal bleeding - نِفاسٌ

"Nifās": childbirth. It is derived from "tanfīs", which means: coming out from the inside. It came to be used to refer to the blood discharged because of childbirth.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Pillars stoned in Hajj - جِمارٌ

"Jimār" (sing. jamrah): pebble, small stone. It is used to refer to the place where stones are gathered and thrown.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Combining prayers - جَمْعُ الصَّلَواتِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Jihad - جِهادٌ

"Jihād": exerting utmost effort and power in terms of speech or deeds.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Circumcision - خِتانٌ

"Khitān": to cut the skin over the head of the penis; and regarding the woman, it is removing some of the upper skin from the vagina.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Humble submissiveness - خُشُوعٌ - يحذف

"Khushū‘": submission, quiescence, subservience. A person who has "khushū‘" in their prayer is wholeheartedly engaged in it. Other meanings: calm, peacefulness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prayer of fear - صَلاةُ الخَوْفِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sale with immediate repurchase - عِينَةٌ

"‘Īnah": An advance or loan. It is derived from "‘ayn", which means money, or from "i‘ānah", which is assistance. Other meanings: purchase or sale on credit.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Cheating - غِشٌّ

"Ghishsh": showing something and concealing the opposite. Opposite: sincerity. It is derived from "ghashash", which means: muddied, unclear water.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Usurpation - غَصْبٌ

"Ghasb": openly taking something unjustly and by force.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Irreversible divorce - بتات

"Batāt": decisive, irreversible, obliging. It is derived from "al-battah", which means: never, ever, at all.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Ihlāl - إهلال

"Ihlāl": talbiyah. It originally referred to raising one’s voice upon seeing the crescent. Then it came to be frequently used to refer to any kind of loud voice.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Prayer of the traveler - صَلاةُ المُسافِرِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Overpricing - غَبْنٌ

"Ghabn": deception in buying and selling.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Legal retribution - قِصاصٌ

"Qisās": similitude, equality. Other meanings: punishing in the same way the injustice was perpetrated. It is derived from "qassa", which means: tracing, or from "qat‘", which means cutting.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

White post-menses discharge - القَصَّةٌ البيضاء

"Al-Qassah": white fluid that comes out at the end of the menses after the flow of blood stops.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Brigandage/Highway robbery - قَطْعُ الطَّرِيقِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Gamble - قِمَارٌ

"Qimār": a bet between two parties which involves a financial risk – loss or gain of money. It is derived from "qamar" (the moon), which sometimes grows into a full moon and at other times decreases and becomes a crescent, just like the gambled money.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Guardianship - قِوَامَةٌ

"Qiwāmah": guardianship, being in charge of preserving wealth, and the like. It is derived from "qiwām", which means basis and pillar of something, and from "qiyām", which means standing erect. Other meanings: rectification, responsibility, care.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Analogical deduction - قِيَاسٌ

"Qiyās": to associate, attach, compare two similar objects, simile, resemblance. Other meanings: consideration, compromise, and correctness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Caretaker - كافِلٌ

"Kāfil": guarantor, caretaker.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Soothsayer - كاهِنٌ

"Kāhin": a person who claims to know the unseen and hidden things. It is originally derived from "takahhun", which means: estimation, thinking, conjecture, lying.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lost and found item - لُقَطَةٌ

"Luqatah": something on the ground that is picked up. It is derived from "laqt", which means picking up something on the ground.

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Menopause - سن اليأس

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Benefit - مَنفَعَةٌ

"Manfa‘ah": benefit. Opposite: harm. Original meaning: goodness, anything used to attain a goal. Other meanings: interest, fruit.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Semen - مَنِيّ

"Manyy": semen; the water of the man or woman from which the fetus is formed. It is derived from "many", which means: spilling, pouring, determining. So, the man’s water is called "manyy" because it is poured forth (ejaculated), or because the fetus is determined and created from it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Dowry - مَهْرٌ

"Mahr": the dowry paid by a man to the woman he marries by virtue of a marriage contract. Original meaning: wage for something specific.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Money - نُقُودٌ

"Nuqūd" (sing. naqd): the currency, of gold and the like, exchanged between people. It is derived from "naqd", which means: distinguishing, revealing, hastening.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Forbiddance/Prohibition - نَهْيٌ

"Nahy": stopping, rebuking, preventing. Opposite: command. It is derived from "intihā’", which means: stopping at a certain point. Other meanings: attainment, arrival, prohibition, rejection, dismissal.

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Wailing - نِيَاحَةٌ

"Niyāhah": crying in a loud voice, yelling, shrieking. It is derived from "tanāwuh", which means: meeting. The crying of women during the pre-Islamic period of ignorance was called "niyāhah" because they used to meet one another and weep over the deceased.

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Gift/Giving - هِبَةٌ

"Hibah": giving something for no return. It is derived from "wahb", which means: conveying money or other useful items to someone. Other meanings: donation, favor, charity, grant.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Idolater - وَثَنِيٌّ

"Wathani": idolater, idol worshiper, pagan. "Wathaniyyah": worship of idols and stones. it is derived from "wathan", which means: an idol or stone that is worshiped. "Wathan" is derived from "wathn", which means: steadiness. "Wathn" also means: power, plenty.

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Continuous fasting - وِصَالٌ

"Wisāl": joining, connecting. Opposite: "inqitā‘" (interruption). Original meaning: joining something to something else until it becomes attached to it. Other meanings: exaggeration, continuing, carrying on, following, succession.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Delegation - وِصَايَةٌ

"Wisāyah": when someone asks another person to do something on his behalf while he is absent. Original meaning: joining something to another. Other meanings: acceptance, affirmation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Authority - وِلايَةُ

"Wilāyah": rulership, authority, being in charge of others. "waliyy", means: lord, owner, ruler. It is derived from "waly", which means: closeness, love. Other meanings: kingship, kinship, state, heredity.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Gamble - مَيْسِرٌ

"Maysir": gamble, gambling game. It is derived from "yusr", which means ease, as it involves taking money with ease.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Administrator - نَاظِرٌ

"Nāzhir": It is derived from "nazhar", which means: thinking, contemplating. It originally meant inspecting something with the eye and came to be used to refer to considering something and thinking about it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Wailing woman - نَـائِحَةٌ

"Nā’ihah": It is derived from "nawh", which means: crying loudly, wailing. It is originally derived from "tanāwuh", which is meeting, and hence the weeping of women was called "niyāhah", for they would get together and engage in crying and wailing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

One of the people of the book - كِتابِيٌّ

"Kitābi": It is derived from "kitāb", which means: book, i.e. pages gathered between two covers. It originally comes from "katb", which means: joining something with something else. A "Kitābi" is someone from the people of the book, namely the Jews and Christians.

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Non-marriageable kin - مَحْرَمٌ

"Mahram": prohibition, prohibited thing, forbidden. Opposite: lawful. Original meaning of "tahrīm": banning.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

The days of Mina - أيّامُ مِنى

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Slaughtering - تذكية

"Tadhkiyah": slaughtering. It is derived from "dhakāh", which means: completion and ending. Thus, slaughtering is called "tadhkiyah" and "dhakāh" because it completes the process that makes eating an animal permissible.

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Voluntary night prayer in Ramadan - تراويح

"Tarāweih" (sing. tarwīhah): rest, taking rest, a prayer which contains rest. It is derived from "rawh", which means expansion and wideness. This prayer is called "Tarāweih" because the people rest after every four rak‘ahs.

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Giving in marriage - تزويج

"Tazwīj": marrying off. Original meaning: pairing two things together. Opposite: "ifrād" (isolating). Other meanings: gathering, joining.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Transfer of ownership - تَمْليكٌ

"Tamlīk": transferring the ownership of something to someone else. Other meanings: to give in marriage.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Buying on credit and selling for cash - تَوَرُّقٌ

"Tawarruq": asking for papers, eating papers. It is derived from "wariq", which means silver dirhams.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Deliberate ambiguity - تَوْرِيَةٌ

"Tawriyah": metonymy, indirect reference. Opposite: frankness. Original meaning: veiling, hiding. Other meanings: delay, extracting.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Rinsing the mouth - مضمضة

"Madmadah": moving water around in the mouth. Original meaning: movement inside of something. Other meanings: washing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Houses of worship - مَعَابِدُ

"Ma‘ābid" (sing: ma‘bad): place of worship and obedience and whatever brings one close to Allah. Original meaning of "‘ibādah" (worship): displaying humility, docility, submission, compliance.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Cemetery - مَقبَرَةٌ

"Maqbarah" (graveyard): It is derived from "qabr", which means: grave, the hole in the ground wherein the deceased person is placed. Any place where the body of a deceased person is kept hidden is called "qabr", even the sea. "Qabr" also means the act of burying the deceased in the earth. Original meaning of "qabr": obscurity, invisibility. It was called thus because it conceals the body of the deceased person.

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Disliked - مَكْرُوهٌ

"Makrūh": detestable, abominable. Opposite: loved, recommended. It is derived from "karāhah", which means hardship, distress, and from "kurh" or "karh", which means: abhorrence. "Makrūh" is what one hates and deems difficult. Other meanings: something disallowed, rejected, hardship, harshness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Manhood/Magnanimity - مُرُوءَةٌ

"Murū’ah": manhood in its perfect form; good manners and politeness. It is derived from "marī’" (the gullet). It was also said to be derived from "mar’", which means: man, human being. Other meanings: humanity, chastity, generosity, nobility, uprightness.

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Niqab/Face veil - نِقَابٌ

"Niqāb": a veil the woman puts on his face. It originally refers to an opening in something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Lying/Falsehood - زُورٌ

"Zūr": lying, falsehood. Original meaning: inclining, swerving, something adorned. Other meanings: accusation, strength, polytheism, singing, diversion.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Unveiling - سُفُورٌ

"Sufūr": uncovering, exposing, clarity. Travel was named "safar" because it exposes people’s true character.

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Rebellion against the ruler - بَغْيٌ

"Baghy": oppression, transgression. Original meaning: corruption.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Arabic language - عَرَبِيَّةٌ

"Al-‘Arabiyyah": the language that Arabs speak. It is derived from "ta‘rīb", which means: clarification, declaration.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Honor - عِرْضٌ

"‘Ird": honor, esteem. It is said to be anything for which a person is praised or dispraised.

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Custom - عُرْفٌ

"‘Urf": a term that collectively refers to all the things that a given society knows and recognizes as good. Original meaning: what is "ma‘rūf", i.e. known and recognized, of good and benevolent deeds. Other meanings: what is common and known among people.

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Coitus interruptus - عَزْلٌ

"‘Azl": removal, keeping away, discharging men’s semen outside women’s vulva during copulation to avoid conception.

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Clan - عَشِيرَةٌ

"‘Ashīrah": one’s closest relatives. Other meanings: a group of one's relatives. It is derived from "mu‘āsharah", which means: mixing, merging, socializing.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Chastity - عِفَّةٌ

"‘Iffah": refraining and abstaining from what is bad and objectionable. Original meaning: scarcity. Other meanings: purification, chastity.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Protection pact - عَقْدُ الذِّمَّة

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Contract - عَقْدٌ

"‘Aqd": fastening, tying. Opposite: loosening. Original meaning: connecting two ends together. Other meanings: adherence, documentation, covenant, confirmation.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sacrificial animal for baby’s birth - عَقِيقَةٌ

"‘Aqīqah": the sacrificial animal slaughtered to celebrate the birth of a baby on his/her seventh day. It is derived from "‘aq", which means: splitting (of a sheep’s throat).

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Knowledge - العِلْمٌ

"‘Ilm": knowledge. Opposite: ignorance. Other meanings: understanding, belief.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Judge - قاضِي

"Qādi": judge; a person who decides matters and settles them with his judgment.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Fighting - قِتالٌ

"Qitāl": fighting, combating. It is derived from "qatl", which means killing.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Unintentional killing/Manslaughter - القَتْلُ الخَطَأُ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Intentional killing - القَتْلُ العَمْدُ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Foreskin - قُلْفَةٌ

"Qulfah": the skin that covers the glans. Original meaning: to cut something from its root.

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Jealousy - غَيْرَةٌ

"Ghayrah": ardent enthusiasm and anger about something. It is derived from "taghayyur", which means: transformation.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Assassination - غِيلَةٌ

"Ghiyalah": deception, heedlessness. It is derived from "ightiyāl", which means: taking something out of nowhere.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Adultery - فاحِشَةٌ

"Fāhishah": bad and objectionable speech or deed. It is derived from "fuhsh", which is ugliness and horribleness. Other meanings: adultery.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Separation - فُرْقَةٌ

"Furqah": separation, estrangement. Opposite: connection, bond.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Defect/Corruption - فَسادٌ

"Fasād": damage or defect in something. Opposite: soundness, validity. Original meaning: departure from a moderate state.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Annulment/Revocation - فَسْخٌ

"Faskh": removing, lifting, annulling, invalidating.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Equal share of co-wives - القَسْمُ بين الزَّوْجاتِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Minor - قاصِرٌ

"َQāsir": one incapable of doing something. It is derived from "qusūr", which originally means: not reaching the end. Other meanings: insane person, such as a child, a demented person, or a maniac.

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Commander - قائِدٌ

"Qā’id": someone who is at the front, ahead of others, and guides them in their march. Opposite: "sā’iq" (one who walks behind others and steers them). Other meanings: army commander.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Seizing/Taking into possession - قَبْضٌ

"Qabd": taking something in one’s full grip. Original meaning: accumulating and assembling. Other meanings: ability, seizing.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Acceptance - قَبُولٌ

"Qabūl": receiving something and taking it with contentment. It also means: acceptance.

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Bequest/Will - وَصِيَّةٌ

"Wasiyyah": the money or the like determined in a will. It is originally derived from "wasl", which means: connecting something with another.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Oath-taking/Swearing - يَمينٌ

"Yamīn": oath-taking, swearing. It was called as such because people used to strike the "yamīn" (right hand) of one another upon entering into alliance. Other meanings: hand, blessing, strength.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Assignment/Obligation - تَكْلِيفٌ

"Taklīf": commanding things that one finds difficult.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Partial head shaving - قَزَعٌ

"Qaza‘" (sing. qaza‘ah): a piece of cloud. Original meaning: dispersal, scattering. Other meanings: shaving parts of the head and leaving other parts unshaven.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Oath - قَسَمٌ

"Qasam": swearing, taking an oath. It is derived from "qasāmah", which means: the oaths that are divided and distributed among the blood relatives of the slain person (the practice of clearing a person accused of murder by the oaths of others testifying to his innocence).

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Supplication while standing in prayer - قُنُوتٌ

"Qunūt": obedience along with humility. It is derived from "qanata", which means: to obey. It is also said to mean: standing for long.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Dispensation - رُخْصَةٌ

"Rukhsah" (pl. rukhas): ease, facilitation, leniency. Opposite: hardness. Other meanings: permission, pardon.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Freedom from liability/Innocence - بَراءَةٌ

"Barā’ah": discarding and being cleared from something. Original meaning: avoidance of what is disliked. Other meanings: abandonment, severance, separation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Trade - تِجارَةٌ

"Tijārah": trade, buying and selling. It is derived from "tājir", which means: trader.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Heresy - زندقة

"Zandaqah": lack of belief in the Hereafter and the Oneness of the Creator. Original meaning: narrowness. It is said to be a Persian word that entered Arabic language. Other meanings: being irreligious and believing that time is eternal.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Heretic - زنديق

"Zindīq" (pl. zanādiqah): someone who does not believe in the Hereafter or the Oneness of the Creator. It also refers to he who has no religion and believes in eternalism. It is also used to refer to the hypocrite.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The Sacred Mosque - المسجد الحرام

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

The Arabian Peninsula - جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَبِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Permissibility - جَوَازٌ

"Jawāz": permissibility, permission. Opposite: prevention. Original meaning: traversing, crossing. Other meanings: effectiveness, health, ability, forgiveness, dispensation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Prohibition/Ban - حَظْرٌ

"Hazhr": banning. Opposite: permitting.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Swearing - حَلِفٌ

"Halif": oath. Original meaning: adherence - since one is required to adhere to his oath.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Praise - حَمْدٌ

"Hamd": praise, commendation. Opposite: dispraise. Other meanings: thankfulness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Sighting the crescent - رُؤْيَةُ الهِلالِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Voluntary fast - صَوْمُ التَّطَوُّعِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Answering the call of nature - قَضاءُ الحاجَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Maintaining chastity - إِعْفافٌ

"I‘fāf": anything that achieves chastity and refraining from what is objectionable. Original meaning: purification and freedom from something. Other meanings: immunizing, reducing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Assassination - اغْتِيال

"Ightiyāl": killing in a stealthy, treacherous, and deceptive manner.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Relatives - أقارِب

Aqārib": one’s family, relatives, and kindred.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Felony/Capital offense - جِنايَة

"Jināyah": misdeed, felony.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The Days of Tashrīq - أيّام التَّشْرِيق

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

Intimacy with wife - مُباشَرَةُ المَرْأَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Insane - مَجْنُونٌ

"Majnūn": someone who has lost his mind. It is derived from "junūn" and "jinnah", which mean: loss of mind. Original meaning: concealment, hiding, covering.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Non-marriageable women - مُحَرَّماتُ النِّكَاحِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Needy/Poor - مِسْكِينٌ

"Miskīn": someone who does not own anything. It was said to mean someone who does not have enough money. It is derived from "sakūn", which means: tranquility and immobility. Other meanings: a person who is humiliated, submissive, and weak.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Legitimacy - مَشْرُوعِيَّةٌ

"Mashrū‘iyyah": legitimacy. It is derived from "mashrū‘", which means: clarified, plain, legitimate. The original meaning of "shar‘": revealing, explanation.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Hardship - مَشَقَّةٌ

"Mashaqqah": hardship, burden, exhaustion, suffering, difficulty.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Relationship by marriage - مُصاهَرَةٌ

"Musāharah": relationship by marriage. "Ashār" are the relatives of a woman’s husband and a man’s wife. It is derived from "sahr", which means: closeness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Reward - ثَواب

"Thawāb": reward for a deed, good or bad, and the recompense for a doer of good or a doer of evil.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

A niche in the grave - لَحْدٌ

"Lahd": a crevice made in the side of a grave. It is derived from "ilhād", which originally means: tilting and swerving from something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Diligent thinker Jurisprudent - مُجْتَهِدٌ

"Mujtahid": someone who exerts his utmost efforts to reach something. It is derived from "jahd", which means: hardship, tiredness. Other meanings: an earnest pursuer of a certain goal.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Successively narrated - مُتَوَاتِرٌ

"Mutawātir": successive. It is derived from "witr", which means: odd-numbered. Opposite: discontinued. Other meanings: succession of things one after the other without a gap between them.

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Violation of an oath - حنث

"Hinth": major sin, wrongdoing. Opposite: fulfillment of oath. Other meanings: breaking an oath.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Death throes/death agony - احْتِضارٌ

"Ihtidār": being on the verge of death and showing its signs.

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