Madinah - المَدِينَةُ النَّبَوِيَّةُ

The proper name of the city of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, to which he emigrated from Makkah and in which he lived and died.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Perfect - كمالية

Reaching the state of perfection.

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Purity - طُهْرٌ

The interval during which the woman is free from menses and post-natal bleeding.

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Religious opinion - فَتْوَى

Giving a non-binding religious ruling.

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Marriage - نِكَاحٌ

A contract between a male and a female that permits them to enjoy each other legitimately.

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Ritual bath - غُسْلٌ

Pouring water all over the body with the intention to remove major ritual impurity, or to perform the recommended purification, or without any intention.

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Voluntary prayer - صَلاةُ التَّطوُّعِ

The voluntary prayers that Allah Almighty legislated as extra to the obligatory prayers.

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Witr prayer - صَلاةُ الوِتْرِ

A prayer performed between ‘Ishā’ prayer and the break of dawn to conclude the night prayer.

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Congregational prayer - صَلاةُ الجَماعَةِ

Performing prayer in congregation.

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Ritual state of consecration - إحْرامٌ

The intention to start the rituals of Hajj or ‘Umrah.

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Translation - تَرْجَمَةٌ

Interpreting speech and rendering it from one language to another.

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Unlawful - حَرامٌ

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

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Month of Ramadān - شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ

The ninth month of the Hijri calendar.

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Invoking blessings upon the Prophet - الصَّلاةُ على النَّبِيِّ صلّى اللهُ عليه وسلّم

Allah’s praise of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) before the higher assembly of close angels.

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Regular Sunnah prayers - السُّنَنُ الرَّواتِبُ

The confirmed Sunnah prayers which are performed before or after the obligatory prayers.

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Divorce - طَلاقٌ

Dissolving the marriage contract wholly or partially on the spot or at a later time using specific words or metaphors to the same effect.

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Islamic inheritance law - فَرائِضُ

A branch of knowledge which states who is eligible to inherit from the deceased and who is not, and the exact share of each heir.

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Remembrance of Allah - ذِكْرٌ

Any statement that includes glorification of Allah and expressing love for Him.

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Amen - آمِينْ

A word that is said upon completing the recitation of Surat al-Fātihah and at the end of supplications. It means: "O Allah, answer the supplication".

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Dutifulness to one’s parents - بِرُّ الوالِدَيْنِ

Dutifulness and kindness to one’s parents through words and deeds during their life and after their death.

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Prayer times - أَوْقاتُ الصَّلاةِ

The times set by Shariah for the performance of prayers.

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Greeting of peace - السَلامٌ

The greeting said by a Muslim when he meets or leaves his fellow Muslims.

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Estate/Legacy - تَرِكَةٌ

All types of properties or rights that a person leaves behind after his death.

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Purification - طَهارَةٌ

Eliminating ritual impurities and filth which prevent the state of purity required for performing prayer.

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Desirability - اسْتِحْبابٌ

Request of the Lawgiver (Allah) to do something in a way that is not binding.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Puberty - بُلُوغٌ

A strength that comes to a child and transforms him into a man or a woman.

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Seeking forgiveness - اسْتِغْفارٌ

Asking Allah Almighty to pardon one’s sins and to protect him from their consequences.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Obligatory alms - الزَكاة

Giving out a specific part of certain kinds of property in a certain manner to certain types of people.

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Charity - صَدَقَةٌ

The donation that a person gives from his own wealth as an act of worship and in pursuit of reward from Allah Almighty.

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Prayer direction - قِبْلَةٌ

The direction the Muslims face in prayer.

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Grave - قَبْرٌ

The place where a dead person is buried in the ground.

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Washing the deceased - تَغْسِيلُ المَيِّتِ

Washing the entire body of the deceased with water in a Shariah-approved manner.

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Devil - شَيْطانٌ

Name of the disbelieving jinn who is created from fire.

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Prayer - صَلاةٌ

A set of statements and actions that starts with Takbīr and ends with Taslīm.

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Declaring someone a disbeliever - تَكْفِيرٌ

Judging a Muslim to be an apostate.

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Burying the dead - دَفنٌ الميت

Placing the deceased person in his grave and covering him with dust.

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Fast-breaking charity - زَكاةُ الفِطْرِ

Charity consisting of food that becomes obligatory at the end of Ramadān.

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Zakah on gold and silver - زَكاةُ النَّقْدَينِ

Giving out a specific amount of gold, silver, or of their product or banknotes to those who deserve Zakah if they reach the Nisāb (amount liable for Zakah) and one lunar year elapses while they are in the owner’s possession.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Visiting the graves - زِيارَةُ القُبُورِ

Visiting the graves of Muslims with the intention to supplicate for them, derive lessons from their condition, and remember the Hereafter.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Tenth of Muharram - عاشُوراءُ

The tenth day of the month of Muharram.

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Following the funeral procession - تَشْيِيعُ الجَنازَةِ

Following the deceased and carrying him to the place where the funeral prayer will be offered for him and the place where he will be buried.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Usury - رِبا

A stipulated increase with no exchange for credit in return for delaying the settlement of a due debt. It is also an increase or a delay in cash on selling things of a specified type on the spot.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Prohibited sale transactions - بُيوعٌ مَنْهِيٌّ عنها

Sale transactions that are prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

The five prayers - الصَّلَواتُ الخَمْسُ المَفْرُوضَةُ

The five prayers that should be performed every day and night. They are: Zhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, ‘Ishā’, and Fajr prayers.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Forbidden acts during Ihrām - مَـحْظُوراتُ الإحْرامِ

Practices that are prohibited for a person in the state of Ihrām for Hajj or ‘Umrah.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Ablution - وُضوءٌ

Using pure water to wash particular body parts in a particular manner as an act of worship.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Eid prayers - صَلاةُ العِيدَينِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer that is performed in a specific manner on the day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Ad-ha.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Friday prayer - صَلاةُ الجُمُعَةِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer to be performed after the two-part sermon at noon on Friday.

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Funeral prayer - صَلاةُ الجَنازَةِ

Supplication and prayer offered for a deceased person in a specific manner.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Supererogatory prayer - صَلاةُ النَّافِلَةِ

Voluntary prayers legislated in addition to the five obligatory prayers.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Fasting - الصَّوْمُ

To abstain from whatever breaks the fast from the break of dawn until sunset while having this intention.

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Belief - اعْتِقاد

Everything that a person believes in with absolute certainty, his heart agrees with, and he adopts as a doctrine.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Tribalism/Fanaticism - عَصَبِيَّةٌ

To defend those you care about whether they are right or wrong, in support of your tribe, group, color, or the like.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Obligation - وُجُوبٌ

Allah's ordainment a certain act to be done by way of obligation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lying/Falsehood - كَذِبٌ

To report about something in a way contrary to its reality, whether deliberately or mistakenly.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Sale transaction - بيع

Exchange of a property for another for the purpose of ownership and transferring ownership.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Musical instruments - مَعَازِفُ

Musical instruments like the flute and so on.

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Shariah objectives - مَقَاصِدُ الشَّرِيعَةِ

The objectives and rationales that the Lawgiver took into consideration, generally and specifically, while legislating to achieve people’s interests.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Disbelief - كُفْرٌ

It is the opposite of Islam or a statement, act, belief, doubt, or neglect of an obligation which takes one out of the fold of Islam.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Undesirability - كَراهَةٌ

A statment of the Lawgiver (Allah) ordering to avoid something, but not in strictly prohibitory terms.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Russian

Protection - عِصْمَةٌ

Protection of man’s life, property, and honor.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Slaughter - ذَكَاةٌ

Spilling the blood of an animal in a certain manner.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Theft - سَرِقةٌ

Secretly taking some valuable property from a secure place where property is usually hidden.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Praising Allah - تَحْمِيدٌ

Saying: "Rabbana wa lak al-hamd" (Our Lord, and all praise is due to You) upon standing upright after rising from "rukū‘" (bowing) in prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Prohibition - تَحْرِيمٌ

A firm command by the Almighty Lawgiver to refrain from a particular action.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Bowing - ركوع

Worshiping Allah Almighty by bowing the head and back in a certain manner in prayer.

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Concealing must-cover body parts - سَتْرُ العَوْرَةِ

Covering the parts of the body that people find it embarrassing and shameful to reveal, especially during prayer, like the private parts.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Prostration of forgetfulness - سُجُودُ السَّهْوِ

Two prostrations performed in order to make up for a deficiency in the prayer due to doubt or forgetfulness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Tranquility in prayer - الطُّمَأْنِينَةٌ في الصلاة

Calmness and settlement of all parts of the body for an interval of time in all pillars of prayer.

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Must-cover body parts - عَوْرَةٌ

The body parts that should be covered and which one feels shy about uncovering, such as the private parts and the buttocks.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Mosque - مَسْجِدٌ

A place allocated for establishing prayer on a permanent basis.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

The Sunnah - سنة

The guidance followed by the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and his noble Companions in terms of religious affairs, which include statements, actions, and beliefs.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

The Verse of al-Kursi - آيةُ الكُرْسِيِّ

Verse 255 of Surat al-Baqarah in the Noble Qur’an.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Misguidance - ضلال

Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.

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Obedience - طاعَةٌ

To do what is commanded and abstain from what is forbidden out of compliance whether in terms of statements, actions, or beliefs.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Mind/Intellect - عقل

The cognitive instinct by which Allah Almighty has distinguished man from other living beings. Loss of mind renders the person no longer accountable for religious duties.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Drinking alcohol - شُرْبُ الخَمْرِ

Consuming any intoxicant, be it liquid or solid, in small or large quantities.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Minor Hajj - عُمْرَةٌ

Visiting the Sacred Mosque in Makkah any day of the year to perform special rituals.

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Abandonment of prayer - تَرْكُ الصَّلاةِ

When an accountable person intentionally, forgetfully, or out of laziness abandons the obligatory prayers until the due time is over.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Perjury/False testimony - شَهادَة الزُّورِ

Intentionally giving a false testimony with the aim of deception.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Islamic law - الشريعة

The clear course in the religion that includes the beliefs, rulings, and ethics.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Forbidden things - محظورات

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

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Adultery/Illegal sexual intercourse - زِنَى [زِنَا]

Sexual intercourse with a woman outside marriage or without her being the man’s female slave or doubtful female slave or wife.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Independent reasoning - اجتهاد

A scholar making his best efforts to reach a secondary Shariah ruling based on the relevant proofs.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Permissible - جَائِزٌ

Everything permitted and sanctioned by the Shariah.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian التلجو

Voluntary night prayer - قِيامُ اللَّيْلِ

Voluntary prayer and recitation of "dhikr" (expressions of remembrance of Allah) during the night.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Disobedient person - فاسِقٌ

A Muslim who has committed a major sin or is persistent upon committing minor sins, and hasn"t repented from them.

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Integrity/Uprightness - عَدالَةٌ

An inherent characteristic that urges an individual to be religiously righteous and have a sense of honor.

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Bedouins - أَعْرابٌ

Arab Bedouins or the Arab desert dwellers.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Breaking the fast - إفْطارٌ

Occurrence of something that breaks one's fast in reality or in effect.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Menstrual Period - قُرْءٌ

The time of menstrual cycle

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Obscene lie - إِفْكٌ

Falsely attributing immorality (unlawful sex) to someone else

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Confession/Acknowledgement - إِقْرارٌ

Acknowledgement made by a legally responsible person of the right due upon him to another person.

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Lending - إِقْراضٌ

Giving money to help someone who will make use of it and then return its equivalent

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Safa - صَفا

A small mountain at which the pilgrim performing Hajj or ‘Umrah starts his "sa‘y" (walking rapidly back and forth between Mounts Safa and Marwah).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Prayer of the sick - صَلاةُ المَرِيضِ

Prayer that is performed in a particular manner because of one's sickness

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Cleansing with stones - اسْتِجْمارٌ

Removal of the remains of feces or urine from the private parts with stones or a similar solid substance.

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Consensus - إِجْماعٌ

An agreement of all the mujtahids (senior Muslim scholars) from the community of Muhammad, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, in a certain era after his death on a particular Islamic ruling.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Inheritance - إِرْثٌ

The right to which one becomes entitled after the death of the owner of that right due to their kinship relationship or so.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Duress/Compulsion - إِكْراهٌ

Forcing someone to do or say something against his will by using threat and compulsion.

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The Black Stone - الحَجَرُ الأَسْوَدُ

A black stone which is found in the southern corner of the Holy Ka‘bah, on the left side of the door.

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Teeth-brushing twig - سِواكٌ

The tool that is used to clean the mouth, such as the twig of the "arāk" tree and so forth.

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Prayer leader - إِمامٌ

The one who leads people in prayer; in order to be followed.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Second call to prayer - إِقامَةٌ

Announcing that the congregational prayer is about to start with a specific wording dictated by the Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu

Wine drinker - شارِبُ الخَمْرِ

A person who drinks intoxicants (alcohol) in small or large quantities.

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Quasi deliberate intent - شِبْهُ العَمْدِ

An intention to hit someone wrongfully with a tool that does not often kills, but the killing occurs.

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Lesbianism - سِحاقٌ

Sexual enjoyment of a woman with another woman.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sultan/Ruler - السُلْطانٌ

Whoever has the right of enforcement in a country's government.

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Debt - دَيْنٌ

A right that one is personally liable for fulfilling.

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Wealth - أَمْوالٌ

Everything that can be possessed by humans and has a value.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Livestock - أَنْعامٌ

Collective name for camels, cows, and sheep.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Those in authority/Rulers - أُولُو الأَمْرِ

The rulers of a country and their deputies.

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Connectedness of rows - اتِّصالُ الصُّفوف

The arrangement of rows in the congregational prayer right behind each other such that there is not more than usual distance between them.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Impure water - ماءٌ نَجِسٌ

Water, a characteristic of which (i.e, smell, taste, or color) has changed by something impure falling into it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sacrificial animal - أُضْحِيَّةٌ

A name given to the sacrificial animals that are slaughtered on the days of Eid al-Ad'ha (10th of Dhul-Hijjah), with the intention of drawing closer to Allah, and done in a specifically-legislated way.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Abstaining - إمْساكٌ

Abstaining from everything that nullifies the fast such as food, drink, sexual relation, and the like.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Family - أَهْلٌ

A man's wife and relatives whom he is financially responsible for.

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Nocturnal emission - احْتِلامٌ

An orgasm or intercourse experienced during sleep (in a dream) often accompanied with the discharge of semen.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Mourning - إحْدادٌ

A state in which a woman refrains from applying all means of adornment and beauty that attract men to her for a certain period of time after her husband's death.

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Prevention from completing Hajj - إحْصارٌ

A state in which fear, sickness, or the like prevents a Muslim in the state of "ihrām" (ritual state of consecration) from proceeding with the rituals of Hajj or ‘Umrah initially or permanently, partially or entirely.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Good manners/Politeness - أَدَبٌ

Good manners and beautiful attributes that are required by Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Ending the state of ritual consecration - إِحْلالٌ

Pilgrim ending his state of "ihraam" [ritual state of consecration assumed for Hajj and ‘Umrah] by doing specific actions.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Permission - إذْنٌ

To declare permissibility for someone to do something from which he was prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Appointing a successor - اسْتِخْلافٌ

A state in which the imam assigns one of the worshipers to substitute him in leading the prayer due to a reason that prevents him from continuing it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lengthening the garment - إِسْبالٌ

Lengthening the garment and lowering it beyond its Shariah bound (to the point that its lower end reaches below the ankles).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Calamity supplication - اسْتِرْجاعٌ

Saying at the time of calamity: "Inna lillah wa inna ilayhi raaji‘oon." (Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed unto Him we shall return.)

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Deductive reasoning - اِسْتِنْباطٌ

Knowing how to derive Islamic rulings from the detailed evidence of Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Family - أُسْرَةٌ

A person's relatives and members of his household, who provide him with strength and support.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Exposing the right shoulder - اضْطِباعٌ

Wrapping the upper garment of the Ihram attire under the right armpit and rolling the two edges over the left arm, so that the right shoulder is exposed and the left is covered. This is done by the male pilgrim in Hajj or ‘Umrah before he starts to make Tawaf around the Ka‘bah.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Consolation - تَعْزِيَةٌ

Consoling the bereaved and urging them to be patient, along with making supplication for the deceased person and his family.

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Anger - غَضَبٌ

A change in the heart that occurs when one's blood boils and urges them to attack violently and take revenge.

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Agreement - اِتِّفاقٌ

Collective agreement of "mujtahids" (well versed Muslim jurists) on a specific ruling concerning a specific issue.

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Changing - تَغْيِيرٌ

Transforming from one state to another, such as transforming one’s intention in prayer from performing a certain obligatory prayer to another obligatory prayer, or from an obligatory prayer to a voluntary prayer, whether intentionally or mistakenly.

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Mutual receipt - تَقابُضٌ

A state in which each of the contracting parties receives one's rights in the contracting session.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Negligence - تَفْرِيطٌ

Carelessness and neglect that cause a person to delay a prayer or to not perform it until the time of the next prayer starts.

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Sin - إِثْمٌ

The sin that makes the one who commits it deserving of reprimand and punishment.

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Endowment funds - أَحْباسٌ

Endowment funds designated to be used in the cause of Allah, by benefiting from it or its profit while preserving the fund itself.

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Cupping - اِحْتِجامٌ

Extracting blood from the surface of the skin with a tool or the like.

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Right of preemption - شُفْعَةٌ

The right of a partner to buy the share of his partner from the person who bought it at the price they have agreed upon.

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Image - صُورَةٌ

The image of any creature of the creation of Allah, the Exalted, whether it is three-dimensional or not.

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Removing facial hair - نَمْصٌ

Removing the soft hair that covers the skin of the eyebrows.

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Invalid - باطِلٌ

A deed that is carried out in a manner that is contrary to the Islamic Shariah.

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Interdiction - حَجْرٌ

Preventing a person from disposing of his own wealth for a reason.

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Child custody - حَضَانَةُ

Looking after a child, raising them, and doing what is in their best interest.

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Rebels - بُغاةٌ

A group of Muslims who challenge the authority of the ruler based on a plausible interpretation, and they have supporters and a fortified place to take shelter in.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Jerusalem - بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ

The city of Jerusalem in Palestine, where the blessed Aqsa Mosque is located.

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Assuming liability - ضَمانٌ

Recompensing for a damaged item, either with a similar item or with its value if it has no similar item.

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Grudge/Malice - حِقْدٌ

To harbor evil intentions towards others with the urge to seek revenge.

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Supplication answering hour - ساعَةُ الإِجابَةِ

The time when supplication is most likely to be answered by Allah, the Almighty, on Friday.

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The Cause of Allah - سَبِيلُ اللهِ تعالى

Volunteer fighters in the cause of Allah who are not assigned a share of the military funds, even if they are wealthy.

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Purification - تَطْهِيرٌ

Removal of filth or ritual impurity that prevents prayer.

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Choice related to the transaction place - خِيارُ المَجْلِسِ

Right of the contracting parties to cancel the contract or continue it as long as they are still present together in the place where the contract is being concluded.

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Gentleness/Kindness - رِفْق

Gentleness and leniency in all actions, verbal and physical.

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Pillar - رُكْنٌ

An integral part of prayer that is essential for it to be valid, such as standing, bowing, prostrating, etc.

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Apostasy - رِدَّةٌ

Leaving the religion of Islam for disbelief.

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Extravagance/Wastefulness - تَبْذِيرٌ

Spending money and dispersing it in an unjustified manner.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Compensating/Paying damages - تَعْوِيضٌ

Paying damages (the required monetary compensation) to a harmed party.

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A sitting posture in prayer - تَوَرُّكٌ

Placing both hips, or only one, on the ground and letting the left foot come out from under the right one, or letting both come out.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Starting with the right side - تَيمُّنٌ

Starting actions with the right side, such as starting with the right hand and right foot when washing the hands and feet in ablution.

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Resisting the aggressor - دَفْعُ الصّائِلِ

Resisting the aggressor and preventing him from assaulting one's life, honor, or property unrightfully.

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Mortgage - رَهْنٌ

Confinement of wealth or property as collateral for a financial obligation.

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Faith healing - رُقْيَةٌ

Seeking refuge by reciting the Qur’anic verses and supplications to preserve one's health or cure illness.

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Divination - عِرافَةٌ

Claiming to know the unseen and the future.

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Obligation - فَرْضٌ

What the Shariah condemns the one who intentionally abandons it totally.

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Shortening the prayer - قَصْرُ الصَّلاةِ

Praying the four-"rak‘ah" (unit of prayer) prayer as only two "rak‘ahs" while on a journey.

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Making up for missed prayers - قَضاءُ الفَوائِتِ

Making up for missed prayers after elapsing their prescribed time.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Disliked prayer times - أَوْقاتُ الكَراهَةِ

The times of day at which performing prayer is disliked according to Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Qur’anic verse - آيَةٌ

A group of words from the Noble Qur’an, connected to one another, having a beginning and an end.

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Pre-seminal fluid - مَذْيٌ

A thin clear liquid that seeps out of the penis without spurting out during foreplay and kissing.

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Taking a wife back following a revocable divorce. - مُراجَعَةٌ

A husband takes back his revocably divorced wife during her 'iddah (the prescribed waiting period after divorce), without a new marriage contract.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Disobedience/Misbehaving - نُشُوز

A wife's refusal to disobey her husband and her rebellious attitude towards him concerning his due rights without a valid excuse.

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Abrogation - نَسْخٌ

Replacing an earlier religious ruling with another ruling by a subsequent Shar`ee text

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The women whom a man is forbidden to marry. - مَحارِمُ

A woman who is permanently forbidden to marry a certain man because of kinship, nursing, or marriage ties between them.

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Humble submissiveness - خُشُوعٌ - يحذف

The state of having an attentive tranquil heart and composed limbs in prayer.

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Prayer of fear - صَلاةُ الخَوْفِ

A prayer that is performed in a specific manner during times of fear, such as in the presence of the enemy, while fighting the enemy, and in similar instances.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Prayer of the traveler - صَلاةُ المُسافِرِ

The prayer that is performed in a specific manner during travel.

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Sale with immediate repurchase - عِينَةٌ

Sale of a commodity on credit and then repurchasing it for a lesser amount in cash (before receiving the credit payment).

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Cheating - غِشٌّ

Making something appear different from what it is really like.

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Legal retribution - قِصاصٌ

Penalty prescribed by the Shariah which entails punishing the perpetrator by subjecting him to the same harm that he is guilty of.

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Brigandage/Highway robbery - قَطْعُ الطَّرِيقِ

An individual or a gang stop people on their way, using weapons, to scare, kill, or rob them, or the like.

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Analogical deduction - قِيَاسٌ

To associate something known with another for the purpose of establishing or denying a common ruling, due to the commonality between them.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Soothsayer - كاهِنٌ

Someone who claims having knowledge of the unseen and foretells the future affairs through the Jinn and Devils.

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Benefit - مَنفَعَةٌ

Intangible benefit obtained from using things, such as living in houses and the like.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lost-and-found item - لُقَطَةٌ

Money or property that someone finds unguarded and does not know the owner of.

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Gift - هِبَةٌ

Assigning the ownership of something to someone for no return during one's life.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Forbiddance/Prohibition - نَهْيٌ

Demanding verbally from someone not to do something in an authoritative manner.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Wailing - نِيَاحَةٌ

Raising one’s voice as an expression of grief over a dead person.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Idolater - وَثَنِيٌّ

Anyone who worships a created being and possesses no divine book.

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The days of Mina - أيّامُ مِنى

The eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah.

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Continuous fasting - وِصَالٌ

Fasting two or more days continuously without any reason deliberately.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Authority - وِلايَةُ

Legal authority that entitles its holder to manage someone else’s affair, whether related to the worldly life or the Hereafter.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

People of the Book - كِتابِيٌّ

A name designated for a Jew or a Christian.

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Slaughtering - تذكية

The Shariah-approved means (slaughtering) that makes eating a terrestrial animal whose consumption is allowable permissible.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Giving in marriage - تزويج

When a man conducts a marriage contract for someone else.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Permanently unmarriageable kin - مَحْرَمٌ

Every sane, adult Muslim whom a man or woman is permanently forbidden from marrying due to a legitimate reason.

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Ambiguity - تَوْرِيَةٌ

Saying a word (which has more than one meaning) whose obvious meaning is understood by the listener while you, in fact, intend another meaning of the word.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Cemetery - مَقبَرَةٌ

Place allocated for burying the dead people.

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Voluntary night prayer in Ramadan - تراويح

A voluntary prayer that is performed during the month of Ramadan after the ‘Ishā’ prayer.

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Transfer of possession - تَمْليكٌ

Transferring the possession of something to someone else, who, in return, takes possession of it and owns it independently

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Unveiling - سُفُورٌ

A woman commits "sufoor" when she exposes her beauty and attractive features in the presence of non-Mahram (marriageable) men.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Rebellion against the ruler - بَغْيٌ

Rebellion against the ruler by a group of people based on an plausible interpretation of religious text.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Disliked - مَكْرُوهٌ

Something a person is required by the Shariah to refrain from, but not obligated.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Honor - عِرْضٌ

What a person is praised or condemned for, whether it is related to his own self, his family, or his lineage.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Prowess/Nobility - مُرُوءَةٌ

It is a human characteristic which drives the person possessing it to adopt the good and beautiful manners and give up the bad and evil ones.

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Chastity - عِفَّةٌ

Abstaining oneself from unlawful desires; by protecting the private parts from committing what is unlawful and preventing the tongue from slander and so on.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Arabic - عَرَبِيَّةٌ

The language spoken by the Arabs.

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Custom - عُرْفٌ

What people customarily acknowledge and condone in a certain time and place.

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Clan - عَشِيرَةٌ

A group of people who are one's close relatives and family members, by whom one finds strength.

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Protection pact - عَقْدُ الذِّمَّة

A pact made with non-Muslims living in an Islamic state that guarantees protection for their lives and properties on the condition that they pay the "jizyah" (tax imposed on non-Muslims who live under the Muslim rule) and adhere to the rulings of Islam pertaining to worldly affairs.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Contract - عَقْدٌ

Correlating the offer issued by one party to the acceptance of another party in a way that makes a relevant Shariah ruling effective.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sacrificial animal for baby's birth - عَقِيقَةٌ

The animal slaughtered on the occasion of the birth of a baby with the intention of getting closer to Allah.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Knowledge - العِلْمٌ

Firmly understanding the reality of something.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Judge - قاضِي

The person appointed by the ruler to judge between people and bind them to comply with a legal ruling.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Armed combat - قِتالٌ

The fight between two people or more with weapons.

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Unintentional killing/Manslaughter - القَتْلُ الخَطَأُ

Killing that takes place without intending the act of killing and the person being killed, or without intending one of them.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Foreskin - قُلْفَةٌ

The foreskin that covers the glans and which is removed during circumcision.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Homicide/Intentional killing - القَتْلُ العَمْدُ

It is when an assailant seeks to kill someone while being aware of the inviolability of his blood by something that will most likely cause his death.

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Jealousy - غَيْرَةٌ

Disliking to share some right with others without one's choice.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Assassination - غِيلَةٌ

A legally accountable person assassinating an innocent person while the latter being heedless and feeling safe.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Adultery - فاحِشَةٌ

Insertion of one genital organ into another unlawful genital organ, such as fornication, sodomy, and the like.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Separation - فُرْقَةٌ

Separation between husband and wife.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Defect/Corruption - فَسادٌ

Contravention of performing an action to Islamic law and not attaining its legal implications.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Equal share of the co-wives - القَسْمُ بين الزَّوْجاتِ

Dividing the man's time between his wives if he has two or more wives.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Minor - قاصِرٌ

A person who is not competent for religious assignments.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Army leader - قائِدٌ

The army commander who is in charge of the war affairs, the battle management, etc.

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Seizing/Taking into possession - قَبْضٌ

Taking something into one's possession and having full control of it.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Acceptance - قَبُولٌ

The statement made by either of the two parties of a contract indicating his agreement to carry out the transaction.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Partial head shaving - قَزَعٌ

Shaving parts of the head and leaving other parts unshaven.

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Oath - قَسَمٌ

Emphasizing or confirming a matter by swearing by a sacred being preceded by one of the following three Arabic letters: "bā’", "waw", "tā’" (as in saying: "billāhi", "wallāhi", "tallāhi"; all mean: by Allah).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Freedom of liability - بَراءَةٌ

Freedom of a person's liability of the rights of others.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Trade - تِجارَةٌ

Using money for buying and selling in order to make profit.

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The Arabian Peninsula - جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَبِ

The Arabian Peninsula is the land of the Arabs and their dwelling place. The scholars had different views about its boundaries. Some said that it comprises the area between Aden of Abyan in Yemen (in the South) to the borders of the Levant (in the North), which are the two mountains of Tayy’; Aja’ and Salmā, near the city of Hā’il. As for the width of the Peninsula, it extends from Jeddah and the surrounding areas of the Red Sea Coast (in the West) to the Iraqi countryside (in the East). Other scholars said that the Arabian Peninsula extends lengthwise along the area between Hafr Abu Mūsa, which is known today as Hafr al-Bātin, to the extremities of Tihāmah from the side of Hijaz. Widthwise, it covers the areas between the sandy parts of Yabreen, which is parallel to the Ahsā’ region and affiliated to it, and the borders of the city of Samāwah in Iraq. The Arabian Peninsula was called a peninsula because it is surrounded by the Gulf of Arabia, the Abyssinian Sea (the Red Sea), and the Tigris and Euphrates.

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Prohibition/Ban - حَظْرٌ

Forbidding an action and requiring abandoning it to comply with the Shariah, so the one who abandons it deserves reward and the one who commits it deserves punishment.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Swearing - حَلِفٌ

Affirming a matter or emphasizing it by mentioning the name of a glorified being (i.e. Allah or one of His attributes) in a special form preceded by one of the oath letters.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Sighting the crescent - رُؤْيَةُ الهِلالِ

Sighting the crescent with the eye after sunset on the 29th of the lunar month by a reliable person whose testimony is accepted.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Voluntary fast - صَوْمُ التَّطَوُّعِ

Any type of fast legislated by Allah other than the obligatory fast.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Non-marriageable women - مُحَرَّماتُ النِّكَاحِ

Women whom are forbidden to marry, and marriage is invalid if happened.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

To answer the call of nature/use the restroom. - قَضاءُ الحاجَةِ

Excretion of urine or feces from the usual or substitute exits

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Insane - مَجْنُونٌ

Anyone who completely or partially lacks mental faculties.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Needy/Poor - مِسْكِينٌ

The person who does not have enough provisions for one year.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Legitimacy - مَشْرُوعِيَّةٌ

Something required and encourage by Shariah, be it obligatory or recommended.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Hardship - مَشَقَّةٌ

The unusual hardship that a person finds in practicing a religious duty.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Relationship by marriage - مُصاهَرَةٌ

A relationship caused by marriage

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Violation of an oath - حنث

Violating one's oath by doing what one swore not to do or by leaving what one swore to do.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Death Throes/Death struggle - احْتِضارٌ

Time when death approaches a human being and its signs appear.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Ritual impurity - حَدَثٌ

The cause that obligates making ablution, ghusl (ritual bath), or dry ablution.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Successive chain of narration - مُتَوَاتِرٌ

The narration transmitted by a group of narrators from another group whereby it is impossible that they all colluded to fabricate it, due to its large number, from the beginning of the chain of narration to its end.

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Head covering - اِخْتِمارٌ

Wearing something that covers the woman's head, such as a garment or a head cover.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Disagreement - اخْتِلَافٌ

Each party adopting an approach different from the other party in terms of words, actions, or beliefs.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Trick - حِيلَةٌ

Adopting secret methods which could not be detected except by wit and insight in order to achieve a certain purpose.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Extravagance - إِسْرَافٌ

Using something wastefully, whether in terms of amount or manner.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Turning away - إِعْرَاضٌ

Refusing something by words or action and showing that it is rejected.

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Fundamentals - أصول الدين

Major issues of the religion that a Muslim is not excused for not observing, regardless of whether they are matters related to belief, statements, or actions.

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To let grow - إِعْفَاءٌ

Letting the hair of the beard grow and increase without trimming or shaving it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Usurpation - اِغْتِصابٌ

Taking someone"s right openly, aggressively, and unjustly.

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Moving unnecessarily - عَبَثٌ

Doing unnecessary useless actions, which are not part of the prayer, owing to one's lack of concentration.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Man's offspring - العِتْرَةُ

A man's children and his father's children, males and females, down the family tree line.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Clear/Unambiguous verses - الآيَاتُ المُحْكَمَةُ

The clear, unambiguous verses whose meaning is not hidden from anyone.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Difference based on variation - اخْتِلَافُ التَّنَوُّعِ

Conflict between two or more valid non-contradictory opinions which can be reconciled.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Undoing magical spells - نشرة

A type of incantation used to treat someone who is thought to be possessed by the jinn (suffering a mental imbalance due to a devil's possession).

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Peacefulness/Tranquility - طمأنينة

Serenity of the heart, along with feelings of comfort and intimacy, without restlessness or fear.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Ignorance of belief - جهل بالاعتقاد

To make a statement, do an act, or hold a belief that is contrary to the truth, or principally unkown.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Invalidation/Rendering worthless - إِحْباطٌ

Invalidation and rejection of a deed (by Allah Almighty).

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Libeling Islam - طَعْنٌ في الدِّينِ

Disparaging any part of the religion of Islam and criticizing its rulings.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Steadfastness - ثَباتٌ

Steadfastness upon the path of truth and adherence to it without deviation or transgression.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Repelling - تَنْفِيرٌ

Each behavior that discourages others from practicing Islam or any Islamic teachings.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Committing a sin/crime - إِجْرامٌ

Any action which entails the application of “hadd” (Sharia-prescribed punishment) or “ta‘zir” (discretionary punishment). The punishment may be due for doing an action or for failing to do an action, whether it violates the right of the Creator or a created being.

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Eating Lawful Things - أَكْلُ الطَّيِّباتِ

Nourishment from food that is certainly lawful and earned by lawful means without wasting nor using it in sinful ways.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Submissiveness/Humility - خُشوعٌ

Submission of the heart and its fear of Allah out of love and glorification, along with being submissive to the truth outwardly and inwardly.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Humiliation - ذُلٌّ

One's weakness and submission to someone else unwillingly.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Foolishness - سَفاهَةٌ

Lack of reason that causes a person to misbehave whether in matters pertaining to himself or in dealing with his Creator or with other people.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Jurisprudence - فِقْهٌ

Knowing the Shariah rulings through their detailed proofs by using jurisprudential rules and methods of deduction.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Terror - إِرْهابٌ

Frightening the enemy by preparing oneself psychologically and developing the necessary power to prevent him from fighting and harming Muslims.

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Faithfulness/Loyalty - وَفاءٌ

Fulfilling commitments, honoring promises, and meeting their requirements with sincerity and integrity.

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Oaths - أَيْمانٌ

Confirming a statement by mentioning a glorified entity in a specific wording.

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Glorification - تَكْبِيرٌ

Glorifying Allah by words, deeds, and beliefs.

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Truth - حَقٌّ

An affirmed and true fact that cannot be denied.

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Cursing - لَعْنٌ

Expelling and driving someone away from goodness as a form of condemnation, or supplicating against them to that effect.

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Orphan Sponsorship - كَفالَةُ اليَتِيمِ

Taking charge of the affairs of a child whose father has died, and striving to achieve his religious and worldly interests, thereby seeking reward from Allah.

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Inability - عَجْزٌ

Inability to do something because of bodily weakness or other impediments.

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Pillars - أركان

The foundations upon which something is established and without which it cannot be achieved.

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Constants - ثوابت

The conclusive, correct, explicit religious matters that do not change in any time or place.

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Debate/Argumentation - جدل

When each one of the disputers provides their proof with the intention of invalidating the opinion of the other.

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Circumambulation - طَوافٌ

Walking all the way around the Ka‘bah seven times, with the intention of worship, starting from the Black Stone and finishing there.

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Plague - طاعُونٌ

A fatal contagious disease that spreads quickly.

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Declaring one's wife forbidden to himself - ظِهارٌ

Husband likening his wife to someone whom it is unlawful to have intercourse with, such as his mother, his sister, etc.

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Justice/Fairness - عَدل

Putting everything in its correct place.

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Unauthorized agent - فُضُولِيٌّ

Someone who handles the rights of others without valid permission.

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Missed actions - فَوَاتٌ

Lapse of the prescribed time for an act of worship.

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Poor - فَقِيرٌ

The needy person who does not own enough money.

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Seeking refuge - اسْتِعاذَةٌ

Resorting to Allah and seeking strength through Him; to protect oneself against the evil.

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Gift/Grant - عَطِيَّةٌ

Transferring the ownership of a property or a benefit to someone else during one"s lifetime in exchange for nothing, whether it is done for the sake of Allah, or as an act of endearment.

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Practice of the people of Madinah - عَمَلُ أَهْلِ المَدِينَةِ

What all or most of the scholars of Madinah agreed upon during the time of the Companions, the "Tābi‘is" (generation following the Companions), or their successors, whether their agreement was based on transmitted narrations or personal reasoning.

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Widespread affliction - عُمُومُ البَلْوَى

The spread of an unfavorable matter that affects most people and is difficult to avoid.

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Imitation/Emulation - اقتداء

Imitating the imam in (congregational) prayer.

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Consuming what is unlawful - أَكْلُ الحَرَامِ

Consuming what is forbidden by the Shariah, whether by eating, wearing, riding, or otherwise.

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Compensation - عِوَضٌ

The price paid in return for a sold commodity.

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Rescinding - إِقالَةٌ

To end a binding contract as well as its implications after it is concluded by mutual consent of the two parties.

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Giving religious rulings - إفتاء

Informing someone of a religious ruling that he has asked about, without enforcing it.

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Respite - إِنْظارٌ

To give a grace period to claim a due right until a time of affluence and financial ability.

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Good/Lawful - طَيِّب

Something lawful and pleasant to human souls, which is free from harm or evil.

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Forgiveness - عَفْوٌ

Forgiveness of a sin and removal of its punishment.

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Shaf‘ prayer (a type of night prayer) - شَفْعٌ

The two "rak‘ahs" (units of prayer) preceding the Witr prayer.

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Intellectual proofs - أَدِلَّةٌ عَقْلِيَّةٌ

Proofs that are established through speculation, opinion, and personal reasoning.

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Agreed-upon proofs - أَدِلَّةٌ مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهَا

Sources of Islamic legislation whose validity are not debated by the scholars of the Muslim Ummah. They are the Qur’an, the Sunnah, "ijmā‘" (consensus), and "qiyās" (analogy).

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Legally considered personal reasoning - اجْتِهَادٌ مُعْتَبَرٌ

Legally accepted personal reasoning whose general and special conditions are fulfilled.

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Obligation-creating rulings/Defining laws - أحكام تكليفية

Allah's commandments, relating to the acts of the slaves either by way of demand or option.

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Shariah rulings - أحكام شرعية

The divine commandments pertaining to people's deeds, whether they are required to perform a certain deed or leave it or are given the choice.

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Seeking fatwa - اسْتِفْتَاءٌ

Seeking to know the legal ruling on a certain issue.

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Original non-liability - بَرَاءَةٌ أَصْلِيَّةٌ

Non-obligation of man to fulfill religious obligations and financial duties until evidence from the Shariah is established to this effect.

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Ability - اسْتِطَاعَةٌ

A person’s ability to do something or leave it.

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Fundamentals of Islamic jurisprudence - أُصُولُ الفِقْهِ

A science whereby the general proofs of the Islamic jurisprudence are derived, and the manner of applying them is known, along with knowing the state and description of those to whom such proofs are applicable.

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People competent for independent reasoning. - أَهْلُ الاجْتِهادِ

Scholars who fulfill the requirements of deducing legal rulings from their proofs.

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Undesirability qua blamelessness - كَرَاهَةُ تَنْزِيهٍ

A request by the legislator to avoid doing something without making this rule obligatory.

Translated into: English

Necessity - ضَرُورَةٌ

Serious need that drives one to violate a “shar`i” ruling.

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Original ruling - عَزِيمَةٌ

An original ruling established by a legitimate proof, being free from a preponderant conflicting proof.

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A Companion's statement - قَوْلُ الصَّحَابِي

What has been transmitted from the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, of independent reasoning in one of the issues of the religion.

Translated into: English

Missed prayers - فَوائِتُ

Prayers that are missed and not performed in their designated times.

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Vicious animals - فَواسِق

Animals which instinctively attack people and harm them.

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Mother of the child (slave girl) - أُمُّ الوَلَدِ

A female slave impregnated by her master who then gave birth, whether the newborn was alive or dead.

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Non-Arabic speaker - أَعْجَمِيٌّ

He who is unable to speak standard Arabic even if he is an Arab.

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Insult - سَبٌّ

Any bad words intended to degrade and insult someone.

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Persian (language) - فارِسِيَّةٌ

The language spoken by the Persians.

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Haram signposts - أَعْلامُ الحَرَمِ

The signs erected in certain places specified by the Shariah to mark the boundaries of the Sacred Mosque in Makkah and in Madinah.

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Sitting posture in prayer - افْتِراشٌ

The sitting position in prayer wherein the worshiper bends his left foot underneath him and sits on it and erects his right foot so that his heel is raised and the bottom of his toes are on the ground with the toe tips pointing to the "qiblah" (prayer direction).

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Dividing into five - تَخْمِيسٌ

Taking out one fifth of the spoils of war.

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Using antimony (eyeliner) - اكْتِحالٌ

Using antimony (eyeliner) in the eyelids for beautification or remedy.

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Amending - تَدارُكٌ

Performing prayer or one of its acts that the worshiper has missed doing at its Shariah-assigned place as long as it permits doing so.

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Juvenility - صِغَرٌ

The age period of humans from the time of the birth until reaching the age of puberty.

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Captive - أَسِيرٌ

Anyone who has been captured by the enemy, whether in the battle or not.

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Validity - صِحَّةٌ

Validity of an action according to the Shariah, whereby its consequences come into effect.

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Currency exchange - صِرافَةٌ

Selling money for money, whether they are of the same type and description or are different.

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Elevated land - صَعِيدٌ

The surface of the earth regardless of whether it is covered with dust or something else.

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Empty space (used for relieving oneself) - خَلاءٌ

A designated area used for answering the call of nature.

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Ascribing lineage - إِلْحاقٌ

Joining a child who is of unknown lineage to the man who claims to be his father if certain conditions are met.

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Uncertainty - شَكٌّ

Being uncertain about one's state of ritual purity, regardless of whether the two possibilities are even or one of them is preponderant.

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Lust - شَهْوَةٌ

One's desire to have sexual intercourse.

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Round - شَوْطٌ

Circumambulating (making "Tawaaf") around the Ka‘bah once, starting at the Black Stone and finishing at the Black Stone; or walking once (during Hajj or ‘Umrah in a rite called "Sa‘y") from Mount Safa to Mount Marwah or vice versa.

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Lineage - نَسَبٌ

A relationship between two persons through a close or distant birth.

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Compulsion/Obligation - إِلْزامٌ

Forcing someone to do something or quit doing it.

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Female slave - أَمَةٌ

The woman who is owned by her master.

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Contract-based partnership - شَرِكَةُ العَقْدِ

A joint enterprise between two or more persons to conduct some business.

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Preemptor - شَفِيعٌ

The one who has the right to join to his possession the share of his neighbor or partner.

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Loan request - اسْتِقْراضٌ

Taking money with the intention of benefiting from it on condition that the borrower returns the same amount to the lender later on.

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Regaining Consciousness - إِفاقَةٌ

Regaining mental faculties following a state of intoxication, mental illness, or fainting.

Translated into: English Urdu

Defloration - افْتِضاضٌ

Removing virginity of a woman by sexual intercourse, felony, or the like.

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Head and face wounds - شِجاجٌ

The wounds in a person’s head or face.

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Phalanxes (bones) - سُلامَى

Bones of the fingers and toes.

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Peace time - سِلْمٌ

Leaving jihad against the disbelievers for a specific period of time.

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Intersex/Bisexual - خُنْثَى

A person born with both male and female sexual organs or neither of the two.

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The Treasury - بَيْتُ الـمالِ

The authority that possesses the public funds of the Muslims.

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Socks - جَوْرَبٌ

A wrap made of wool or the like that is worn on the feet and covers the ankles.

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Tangible purification - طَهارَةٌ عَيْنِيَّةٌ

Removing impurities from one's clothing, body, or a place.

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Recommended purification - طَهارَةٌ مُسْتَحَبَّةٌ

Purification done in order to perform a voluntary, not obligatory, act of worship.

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Illiterate - أُمِّيٌّ

A person who is incapable of reciting Sūrat al-Fātihah properly, neither from memory nor from the mus'haf (physical copy of the Qur’an), even if they can recite other surahs properly.

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Growth of pubic hair - إِنْباتٌ

Emergence of coarse hair around the genitals.

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Affiliation - انْتِسابٌ

A person's ascription to his paternal line of relatives (his father's family lineage).

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Ending/Termination - انْقِضاءٌ

Termination of the time designated for the waiting period of the divorced wife according to the Shariah.

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Stoppage - انْقِطاعٌ

Stoppage of bloodflow.

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Leaving/Abandoning - تَرْكٌ

Not doing something despite of being able to do it, whether it be intentionally or unintentionally.

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A one-year-old camel - ابْنُ مَخاضٍ

A young camel that has completed one year of age and has started its second year.

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Reclining/Leaning - اتِّكاءٌ

Leaning against something and using it for support with any part of the body.

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Foods - أَطْعِمَةٌ

Everything that is edible and sustains the body.

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Supreme leadership/ Presidency - إِمارَةٌ

The supreme leadership position in a country.

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Belligerent disbelievers - أَهْلُ الحَرْبِ

The disbeliever enemies who neither have a covenant with Muslims nor are granted protection in Muslim lands.

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