Madinah - المَدِينَةُ النَّبَوِيَّةُ

The proper name of the city of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, to which he emigrated from Makkah and in which he lived and died.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Purity - طُهْرٌ

The interval during which the woman is free from menses and post-natal bleeding.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Ritual bath - غُسْلٌ

Pouring water all over the body with the intention to remove major ritual impurity, or to perform the recommended purification, or without any intention.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Voluntary prayer - صَلاةُ التَّطوُّعِ

The voluntary prayers that Allah Almighty legislated as extra to the obligatory prayers.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Witr prayer - صَلاةُ الوِتْرِ

A prayer performed between ‘Ishā’ prayer and the break of dawn to conclude the night prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Congregational prayer - صَلاةُ الجَماعَةِ

Performing prayer in congregation.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Ritual state of consecration - إحْرامٌ

The intention to start the rituals of Hajj or ‘Umrah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Translation - تَرْجَمَةٌ

Interpreting speech and rendering it from one language to another.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Month of Ramadān - شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ

The ninth month of the Hijri calendar.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Invoking blessings upon the Prophet - الصَّلاةُ على النَّبِيِّ صلّى اللهُ عليه وسلّم

Allah’s praise of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) before the higher assembly of close angels.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Divorce - طَلاقٌ

Dissolving the marriage contract wholly or partially on the spot or at a later time using specific words or metaphors to the same effect.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Remembrance of Allah - ذِكْرٌ

Any statement that includes glorification of Allah and expressing love for Him.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Regular Sunnah prayers - السُّنَنُ الرَّواتِبُ

The confirmed Sunnah prayers which are performed before or after the obligatory prayers.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Amen - آمِينْ

A word that is said upon completing the recitation of Surat al-Fātihah and at the end of supplications. It means: "O Allah, answer the supplication".

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Dutifulness to one’s parents - بِرُّ الوالِدَيْنِ

Dutifulness and kindness to one’s parents through words and deeds during their life and after their death.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Prayer times - أَوْقاتُ الصَّلاةِ

The times set by Shariah for the performance of prayers.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Greeting of peace - السَلامٌ

The greeting said by a Muslim when he meets or leaves his fellow Muslims.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Purification - طَهارَةٌ

Eliminating ritual impurities and filth which prevent the state of purity required for performing prayer.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Seeking forgiveness - اسْتِغْفارٌ

Asking Allah Almighty to pardon one’s sins and to protect him from their consequences.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Obligatory alms - الزَكاة

Giving out a specific part of certain kinds of property in a certain manner to certain types of people.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Charity - صَدَقَةٌ

The donation that a person gives from his own wealth as an act of worship and in pursuit of reward from Allah Almighty.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Prayer direction - قِبْلَةٌ

The direction the Muslims face in prayer.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Grave - قَبْرٌ

The place where a dead person is buried in the ground.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Washing the deceased - تَغْسِيلُ المَيِّتِ

Washing the entire body of the deceased with water in a Shariah-approved manner.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Devil - شَيْطانٌ

Name of the disbelieving jinn who is created from fire.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Prayer - صَلاةٌ

A set of statements and actions that starts with Takbīr and ends with Taslīm.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Burying the dead - دَفنٌ الميت

Placing the deceased person in his grave and covering him with dust.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Fast-breaking charity - زَكاةُ الفِطْرِ

Charity consisting of food that becomes obligatory at the end of Ramadān.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Zakah on gold and silver - زَكاةُ النَّقْدَينِ

Giving out a specific amount of gold, silver, or of their product or banknotes to those who deserve Zakah if they reach the Nisāb (amount liable for Zakah) and one lunar year elapses while they are in the owner’s possession.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Visiting the graves - زِيارَةُ القُبُورِ

Visiting the graves of Muslims with the intention to supplicate for them, derive lessons from their condition, and remember the Hereafter.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Tenth of Muharram - عاشُوراءُ

The tenth day of the month of Muharram.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Following the funeral procession - تَشْيِيعُ الجَنازَةِ

Following the deceased and carrying him to the place where the funeral prayer will be offered for him and the place where he will be buried.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

The five prayers - الصَّلَواتُ الخَمْسُ المَفْرُوضَةُ

The five prayers that should be performed every day and night. They are: Zhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, ‘Ishā’, and Fajr prayers.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Forbidden acts during Ihrām - مَـحْظُوراتُ الإحْرامِ

Practices that are prohibited for a person in the state of Ihrām for Hajj or ‘Umrah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Ablution - وُضوءٌ

Using pure water to wash particular body parts in a particular manner as an act of worship.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Eid prayers - صَلاةُ العِيدَينِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer that is performed in a specific manner on the day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Ad-ha.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Friday prayer - صَلاةُ الجُمُعَةِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer to be performed after the two-part sermon at noon on Friday.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Funeral prayer - صَلاةُ الجَنازَةِ

Supplication and prayer offered for a deceased person in a specific manner.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Supererogatory prayer - صَلاةُ النَّافِلَةِ

Voluntary prayers legislated in addition to the five obligatory prayers.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Fasting - الصَّوْمُ

To abstain from whatever breaks the fast from the break of dawn until sunset while having this intention.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Shariah objectives - مَقَاصِدُ الشَّرِيعَةِ

The objectives and rationales that the Lawgiver took into consideration, generally and specifically, while legislating to achieve people’s interests.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Slaughter - ذَكَاةٌ

Spilling the blood of an animal in a certain manner.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Praising Allah - تَحْمِيدٌ

Saying: "Rabbana wa lak al-hamd" (Our Lord, and all praise is due to You) upon standing upright after rising from "rukū‘" (bowing) in prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Bowing - ركوع

Worshiping Allah Almighty by bowing the head and back in a certain manner in prayer.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Concealing must-cover body parts - سَتْرُ العَوْرَةِ

Covering the parts of the body that people find it embarrassing and shameful to reveal, especially during prayer, like the private parts.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Prostration of forgetfulness - سُجُودُ السَّهْوِ

Two prostrations performed in order to make up for a deficiency in the prayer due to doubt or forgetfulness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Tranquility in prayer - الطُّمَأْنِينَةٌ في الصلاة

Calmness and settlement of all parts of the body for an interval of time in all pillars of prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Must-cover body parts - عَوْرَةٌ

The body parts that should be covered and which one feels shy about uncovering, such as the private parts and the buttocks.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Mosque - مَسْجِدٌ

A place allocated for establishing prayer on a permanent basis.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Minor Hajj - عُمْرَةٌ

Visiting the Sacred Mosque in Makkah any day of the year to perform special rituals.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Abandonment of prayer - تَرْكُ الصَّلاةِ

When an accountable person intentionally, forgetfully, or out of laziness abandons the obligatory prayers until the due time is over.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Forbidden things - محظورات

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu Thai

Voluntary night prayer - قِيامُ اللَّيْلِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Eclipse - كُسُوفٌ

"Kusūf": eclipse. It is derived from "kasafa". Original meaning of "kasf": change into something unpleasant.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Woman’s dress code - لِباسُ المَرْأَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Disobedient person - فاسِقٌ

"Fāsiq": one who departs from obedience and uprightness. Original meaning: something exiting something else in order to corrupt it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Bedouins - أَعْرابٌ

"A‘rāb": Bedouins, desert dwellers from the Arabs or non-Arabs. It is derived from "ta‘arrub", which means: living in the desert with Bedouins.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Breaking the fast - إفْطارٌ

"Iftār": breaking one’s fast by eating or drinking. Opposite: fasting. It is derived from "fitr", which means: split, opening.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Menstrual Period - قُرْءٌ

"Qur’" (pl. aqrā’): time; hence, it is used to refer to the duration of menses or menstrual purity. Other meanings: gathering together, as blood gathers inside the woman’s womb.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Row - صَفٌّ

"Saff": a straight part of anything. Original meaning of "saff" and "tasfīf": straightening things along a straight line.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Safa - صَفا

"Safa" (sing. safāh): the wide, hard, flat stone which nothing grows on. It is derived from "safā’", which means purity.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Circumambulation Prayer - صَلاةُ الطَّوافِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Prayer of the sick - صَلاةُ المَرِيضِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Cleansing with stones - اسْتِجْمارٌ

"Istijmār": cleansing the private parts after answering the call of nature with "jimār", i.e. small stones.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Repeating - تَرْجِيعٌ

"Tarjī‘": repeating, repetition of a recitation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Funeral/The dead body in the bier - جَنازَةٌ

"Janāzah": The body of the deceased person. It may also mean the bier on which the dead person is carried. It is originally derived from "tajnīz", which means: preparing and making ready (for burial).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The Black Stone - الحَجَرُ الأَسْوَدُ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Testimony - شَهادَةٌ

"Shahādah": telling information obtained by means of witnessing or seeing some incident.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Obsession/Whispering - وَسْوَسَةٌ

"Waswasah": covert voice and speech. Other meanings: vain self-talk, evils, and bad thoughts.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Designated places for assuming ihrām - مَواقِيت

"Mawāqīt" (sing. miqāt): the time or place designated for a certain action.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Tooth-stick - سِواكٌ

"Siwāk": small twig used for brushing one’s teeth. It is derived from "sawk", which means inclining, moving. Other meanings: brushing, rubbing.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prayer imām - إِمامٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Intercession - شَفاعَةٌ

"Shafā‘ah": requesting something on behalf of someone. Other meanings: increasing, joining and partnering with.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Proclaiming the start of prayer - إِقامَةٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu

Drinker of alcohol - شارِبُ الخَمْرِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Lesbianism - سِحاقٌ

"Sihāq": sexual enjoyment between a woman and another woman. It is derived from "sahq", which means: remoteness, crushing (as lesbians press their sexual organs against each other).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sultan - السُلْطانٌ

"Sultān": Ruler, governor. It is derived from "salātah", which means: power, capability, overcoming. Other meanings: Caliph, imām, judge, evidence, proof.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Debt - دَيْنٌ

"Dayn": debt. It is derived from "dāna". Original meaning: submission, humiliation. It also means: delay. "Dayn" was called as such because of the humiliation it involves, or because its settlement is delayed to a future date.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Major purification - طَهارَةٌ كُبْرَى

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

Wealth/Money - أَمْوالٌ

"Amwāl" (sing. māl): everything that can be possessed by humans.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Livestock - أَنْعامٌ

"An‘ām" (sing. na‘am): cattle; camels, cows, sheep. It is derived from "tana‘‘um", which means: prosperity, enjoyment, affluence.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Rulers/Those in authority - أُولُو الأَمْرِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Connection/Link - اتِّصالُ الصُّفوف

"Ittisāl": the state of being connected and linked together. Original meaning: association, gathering. Opposite: disconnection, separation.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Determined amount of something - نصاب

"Hisbah": amount, origin. It is derived from "nasb", which means: erecting, raising.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Sacrificial animal - أُضْحِيَّةٌ

"Ud'hiyah": a name given to the animal that one slaughters as a sacrifice to Allah. It originally refers to the animal slaughtered on the Day of Nahr (Eid al-Ad'ha, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Impure water - ماءٌ نَجِسٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Abstaining from invalidators of the fast - إمْساكٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Nocturnal emission - احْتِلامٌ

"Ihtilām": seeing sexual intercourse or the like during sleep, whether this is accompanied by ejaculation or not. Other meanings: discernment, puberty.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prevention from completing Hajj/‘Umrah - إحْصارٌ

"Ihsār": gathering, detention, prevention. Examples of "ihsār" include such cases when a person is prevented by illness or travel from doing something, and when a pilgrim is prevented by illness or some other cause from completing the rituals of Hajj.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Ending the state of Ihrām - إِحْلالٌ

"Ihlāl": It is the opposite of "ihrām" (ritual state of consecration assumed for Hajj or ‘Umrah). Original meaning: opening something.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lengthening the garment - إِسْبالٌ

"Isbāl": letting down. Original meaning: to let something hang down from a high place to a lower one, or extending something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Appointing a successor - اسْتِخْلافٌ

"Istikhlāf": appointing someone as a deputy or successor. It is derived from "khalaf", which means: replacement, substitution.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Calamity supplication - اسْتِرْجاعٌ

"Istirjā‘": restoring, recovering, and reclaiming (something). It also refers to saying: "Inna lillah wa inna ilayhi rāji‘ūn." (We belong to Allah, and to Him we shall return.)

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Straightening the rows - تَسْوِيَةٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Late supererogatory night prayer - تهجد

"Tahajjud": getting up from sleep. It is originally derived from "hujūd", which means sleep in the night.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Exposing the right shoulder - اضْطِباعٌ

"Idttibā‘": inserting one’s garment under one’s right arm and then throws its ends over one’s left shoulder, exposing the right shoulder.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Consolation - تَعْزِيَةٌ

"Ta‘ziyah": enjoining and urging someone to show patience. It is derived from "‘azā’", which means patience. Other meanings: solace, comfort.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Travel - سَفَرٌ

"Safar": crossing a distance. Original meaning: appearing, getting revealed.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Following the Imām - ائتمام

"I’timām": imitating and following something and acting like it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Changing - تَغْيِيرٌ

"Taghyīr": changing, removing. Other meanings: shifting, distorting, abrogating, substituting.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Cupping - اِحْتِجامٌ

"Ihtijām": extracting blood from the body. It is derived from "hajm", which means sucking. Other meanings: seeking "hijāmah" (wet cupping).

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prayer for rain - صَلاةُ الاسْتِسْقاءِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

Inheritance distribution - تَقْسِيمٌ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Equivalence - كَفاءَةٌ

"Kafā’ah": equivalence, equality, comparison.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Discernment - تَمْيِيزٌ

"Tamyīz": isolating and sorting out something; keeping something away; separating and distinguishing between similar things.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Making up for missed prayers - صَلاةُ الفَوائِتِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Image - صُورَةٌ

"Sūrah": appearance, shape. Other meanings: description, copy of an original.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Removing facial hair - نَمْصٌ

"Nams": plucking hair. It is also said to mean: plucking facial hair.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Aggressors/Transgressors - بُغاةٌ

"Bughāh" (sing. bāghi): transgressor, oppressor. It is derived from "baghy", which means: exceeding the limits.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Jerusalem - بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Saying: There is no power or strength except by Allah - حَوْقَلَةٌ

"Hawqalah": The statement: "La hawla wa la quwwata illa billāh" (There is no power or strength except by Allah).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Fast walk - رَمَلٌ

"Ramal": walking rapidly while shaking the shoulders and taking short steps. "Raml" is faster than normal walk and slower than running.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Throwing the pebbles - رَمْي الجمرات

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

The hour of answering supplications - ساعَةُ الإِجابَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Free-grazing livestock - سائِمَةٌ

"Sā’imah": a grazing animal that feeds on lawful grass and herbage. It is derived from "sawm", which originally means: going after something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The cause of Allah - سَبِيلُ اللهِ تعالى

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Praying barrier/screen - سُتْرَةُ المُصَلِّي

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Purification - تَطْهِيرٌ

"Tat'hīr": cleansing, purification. Other meanings: absolution, freeing from impurities.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Hastening/Rushing - تَعْجِيلٌ

"Ta‘jīl": hastening; doing something before its due time. It is derived from "‘ajalah", which is the opposite of slowness and tardiness. Other meanings: doing something before another.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Bribe - رِشْوَةٌ

"Rishwah": allowance, gift, any means that helps one reach something. It came to be used to refer specifically to means leading to forbidden things.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Pillar - رُكْنٌ

"Rukn": foundation, support, strongest side, pivot. It is derived from "rakn", which means strength, firmness. Other meanings: the supporting pillar of something, which keeps it erect.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

A sitting posture in prayer - تَوَرُّكٌ

"Tawarruk": resting on one’s hip, the part above the thigh. It is also used to refer to reclining.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Facilitation - تَيْسِيرٌ

"Taysīr": facilitation, easing. It is derived from "yusr", which means: ease, docility. Opposite: hardship, difficulty.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Starting with the right side - تَيمُّنٌ

"Tayammun": starting actions with the right hand, the right leg, and the right side in general. It is also used to mean: asking Allah for "yumn" (blessings and prosperity).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Rejection/Denial - جُحُودٌ

"Juhūd": denial, rejection. Opposite: acknowledgment. Original meaning: scarcity of anything.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Protected non-Muslim - ذِمِّيٌّ

"Dhimmi": one who is given protection and security. It is derived from "dhimma", which means: covenant, protection.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Shortening the prayer - قَصْرُ الصَّلاةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Making up for missed prayers - قَضاءُ الفَوائِتِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Prohibited times of prayer - أَوْقاتُ الكَراهَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Qur’anic verse - آيَةٌ

"Āyah" (pl. āyāt"): sign, indication, a verse of the Qur’an. Other meanings: miracle, proof, evidence, wonder, admonition.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Pre-seminal fluid - مَذْيٌ

"Madhy": a thin whitish liquid released from the penis upon sexual arousal, foreplay, kissing, or imagining sexual acts.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Duty/Obligation - وَاجِبٌ

"Wājib": required, established. It is derived from "wujūb", which means: requirement, establishment, falling.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Pulpit - مِنْبَرٌ

"Minbar": a raised place. It is derived from the "nabr", which means: rising above ground level.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Post-natal bleeding - نِفاسٌ

"Nifās": childbirth. It is derived from "tanfīs", which means: coming out from the inside. It came to be used to refer to the blood discharged because of childbirth.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Pillars stoned in Hajj - جِمارٌ

"Jimār" (sing. jamrah): pebble, small stone. It is used to refer to the place where stones are gathered and thrown.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Combining prayers - جَمْعُ الصَّلَواتِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Jihad - جِهادٌ

"Jihād": exerting utmost effort and power in terms of speech or deeds.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Circumcision - خِتانٌ

"Khitān": to cut the skin over the head of the penis; and regarding the woman, it is removing some of the upper skin from the vagina.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Humble submissiveness - خُشُوعٌ - يحذف

"Khushū‘": submission, quiescence, subservience. A person who has "khushū‘" in their prayer is wholeheartedly engaged in it. Other meanings: calm, peacefulness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prayer of fear - صَلاةُ الخَوْفِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Ihlāl - إهلال

"Ihlāl": talbiyah. It originally referred to raising one’s voice upon seeing the crescent. Then it came to be frequently used to refer to any kind of loud voice.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Prayer of the traveler - صَلاةُ المُسافِرِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

White post-menses discharge - القَصَّةٌ البيضاء

"Al-Qassah": white fluid that comes out at the end of the menses after the flow of blood stops.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Menopause - سن اليأس

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Semen - مَنِيّ

"Manyy": semen; the water of the man or woman from which the fetus is formed. It is derived from "many", which means: spilling, pouring, determining. So, the man’s water is called "manyy" because it is poured forth (ejaculated), or because the fetus is determined and created from it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Money - نُقُودٌ

"Nuqūd" (sing. naqd): the currency, of gold and the like, exchanged between people. It is derived from "naqd", which means: distinguishing, revealing, hastening.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Wailing - نِيَاحَةٌ

"Niyāhah": crying in a loud voice, yelling, shrieking. It is derived from "tanāwuh", which means: meeting. The crying of women during the pre-Islamic period of ignorance was called "niyāhah" because they used to meet one another and weep over the deceased.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Continuous fasting - وِصَالٌ

"Wisāl": joining, connecting. Opposite: "inqitā‘" (interruption). Original meaning: joining something to something else until it becomes attached to it. Other meanings: exaggeration, continuing, carrying on, following, succession.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Wailing woman - نَـائِحَةٌ

"Nā’ihah": It is derived from "nawh", which means: crying loudly, wailing. It is originally derived from "tanāwuh", which is meeting, and hence the weeping of women was called "niyāhah", for they would get together and engage in crying and wailing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The days of Mina - أيّامُ مِنى

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Voluntary night prayer in Ramadan - تراويح

"Tarāweih" (sing. tarwīhah): rest, taking rest, a prayer which contains rest. It is derived from "rawh", which means expansion and wideness. This prayer is called "Tarāweih" because the people rest after every four rak‘ahs.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Rinsing the mouth - مضمضة

"Madmadah": moving water around in the mouth. Original meaning: movement inside of something. Other meanings: washing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Houses of worship - مَعَابِدُ

"Ma‘ābid" (sing: ma‘bad): place of worship and obedience and whatever brings one close to Allah. Original meaning of "‘ibādah" (worship): displaying humility, docility, submission, compliance.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Cemetery - مَقبَرَةٌ

"Maqbarah" (graveyard): It is derived from "qabr", which means: grave, the hole in the ground wherein the deceased person is placed. Any place where the body of a deceased person is kept hidden is called "qabr", even the sea. "Qabr" also means the act of burying the deceased in the earth. Original meaning of "qabr": obscurity, invisibility. It was called thus because it conceals the body of the deceased person.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Rebellion against the ruler - بَغْيٌ

"Baghy": oppression, transgression. Original meaning: corruption.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Arabic language - عَرَبِيَّةٌ

"Al-‘Arabiyyah": the language that Arabs speak. It is derived from "ta‘rīb", which means: clarification, declaration.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Protection pact - عَقْدُ الذِّمَّة

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Fighting - قِتالٌ

"Qitāl": fighting, combating. It is derived from "qatl", which means killing.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Foreskin - قُلْفَةٌ

"Qulfah": the skin that covers the glans. Original meaning: to cut something from its root.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Assassination - غِيلَةٌ

"Ghiyalah": deception, heedlessness. It is derived from "ightiyāl", which means: taking something out of nowhere.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Commander - قائِدٌ

"Qā’id": someone who is at the front, ahead of others, and guides them in their march. Opposite: "sā’iq" (one who walks behind others and steers them). Other meanings: army commander.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Partial head shaving - قَزَعٌ

"Qaza‘" (sing. qaza‘ah): a piece of cloud. Original meaning: dispersal, scattering. Other meanings: shaving parts of the head and leaving other parts unshaven.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Supplication while standing in prayer - قُنُوتٌ

"Qunūt": obedience along with humility. It is derived from "qanata", which means: to obey. It is also said to mean: standing for long.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Trade - تِجارَةٌ

"Tijārah": trade, buying and selling. It is derived from "tājir", which means: trader.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

The Sacred Mosque - المسجد الحرام

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

The Arabian Peninsula - جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَبِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Praise - حَمْدٌ

"Hamd": praise, commendation. Opposite: dispraise. Other meanings: thankfulness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Sighting the crescent - رُؤْيَةُ الهِلالِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Voluntary fast - صَوْمُ التَّطَوُّعِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Answering the call of nature - قَضاءُ الحاجَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

The Days of Tashrīq - أيّام التَّشْرِيق

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English

Intimacy with wife - مُباشَرَةُ المَرْأَةِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Needy/Poor - مِسْكِينٌ

"Miskīn": someone who does not own anything. It was said to mean someone who does not have enough money. It is derived from "sakūn", which means: tranquility and immobility. Other meanings: a person who is humiliated, submissive, and weak.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

A niche in the grave - لَحْدٌ

"Lahd": a crevice made in the side of a grave. It is derived from "ilhād", which originally means: tilting and swerving from something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Death throes/death agony - احْتِضارٌ

"Ihtidār": being on the verge of death and showing its signs.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Ritual impurity - حَدَثٌ

"Hadath": urine or the like that comes out of the anus or genitals. It is derived from "hudūth", which means: occurrence, happening anew.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Extravagance - إِسْرَافٌ

"Isrāf": extravagance. Original meaning: exceeding the limit in everything. Opposite: moderation, reasonability. It is derived from "musrif", which means: extravagant. Other meanings: wastefulness, negligence, carelessness, causing damage, wasting, squandering, corruption, extremism, interruption.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

To let grow - إِعْفَاءٌ

"I‘fā’": increasing and growing. "‘Āfi": a person with long hair. "‘Afw": leftover and remnants of something, leaving out the punishment. It is derived from "‘afā’", which means: leaving. Other meanings: increase, elongation, release, letting go, acquittal, deliverance.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Moving unnecessarily - عَبَثٌ

"‘Abath": engaging in frivolous actions, doing useless things.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

The Mufassal Sūrahs - الـمُفَصَّلُ

"Mufassal": something with many obviously distinct parts. It is derived from "fasl", which means: distinguishing something from another. Other meanings: clear, cut into pieces, partitioned, limited.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Tranquility - طمأنينة

"Tuma’nīnah": tranquility. Opposite: confusion, worry. Original meaning: settlement, stability.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Humiliation - ذُلٌّ

"Dhull": weakness, disgrace. Opposite: honor, strength. Original meaning: softness, easiness. Other meanings: submission, humility.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Terror/Terrorism - إِرْهابٌ

"Irhāb": disturbing, causing panic. It is derived from "rahbah", which means: fear. Other meanings: threatening, intimidation, causing horror.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Faithfulness/Loyalty - وَفاءٌ

"Wafā’": loyalty, fulfillment of covenant. Opposite: treachery. Original meaning: completeness, perfection.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Glorification - تَكْبِيرٌ

"Takbīr": glorification, exaltation. It is derived from "kibr", which means: greatness. Other meanings: declaring something great, like saying "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the Most Great).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Submissiveness/Humility - خُشوعٌ

Submission of the heart and its fear of Allah out of love and glorification, along with being submissive to the truth outwardly and inwardly.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Orphan sponsorship - كَفالَةُ اليَتِيمِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Circumambulation - طَوافٌ

"Tawāf": going around something.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Plague - طاعُونٌ

"Tā‘ūn": plague, a widespread disease that harms people’s mental and physical health. It is also used to refer to death.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Inability - عَجْزٌ

"‘Ajz": weakness. Original meaning: falling behind. Opposite: ability.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Feast day/Festival - عِيدٌ

"‘Īd": return, recurrence, any day where there is a gathering. It is either derived from "‘āda", which is the past tense of the verb "return", or from "‘ādah", which means habit.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Missed actions - فَوَاتٌ

"Fawāt": missing something by not doing it on time. Original meaning: the opposite of catching up with something and reaching it. Other meanings: lapsing, ending.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Poor - فَقِيرٌ

"Faqīr": a person who has a little money. It is derived from "faqr", which means lack of money. Other meanings: one who owns nothing.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

The Night of Decree - لَيْلَةُ القَدْرِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Seeking refuge - اسْتِعاذَةٌ

"Isti‘ādhah": seeking refuge and protection from evils. It is derived from "‘awdh" - which means safety, protection. "ma‘ādh": refuge, stronghold.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Imitation/Following the example - اقتداء

"Iqtidā’": Following someone’s example, copying, imitating.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Departure - إفاضة

"Ifādah": pouring, causing to flow, marching, spreading, multiplying.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Shaf‘ prayer (a type of night prayer) - شَفْعٌ

"Shaf‘": even number. It is any number that can be equally divided by two, like two and ten. Opposite: "witr" (single, odd). Original meaning: joining two things. Other meanings: increase, association.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Missed prayers - فَوائِتُ

Prayers that are missed and not performed in their designated times.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Vicious animals - فَواسِق

Animals which instinctively attack people and harm them.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Non-Arabic speaker - أَعْجَمِيٌّ

He who is unable to speak standard Arabic even if he is an Arab.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Persian (language) - فارِسِيَّةٌ

The language spoken by the Persians.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Haram signposts - أَعْلامُ الحَرَمِ

The signs erected in certain places specified by the Shariah to mark the boundaries of the Sacred Mosque in Makkah and in Madinah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Sitting posture in prayer - افْتِراشٌ

The sitting position in prayer wherein the worshiper bends his left foot underneath him and sits on it and erects his right foot so that his heel is raised and the bottom of his toes are on the ground with the toe tips pointing to the "qiblah" (prayer direction).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Dividing into five - تَخْمِيسٌ

Taking out one fifth of the spoils of war.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Using antimony (eyeliner) - اكْتِحالٌ

Using antimony (eyeliner) in the eyelids for beautification or remedy.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Amending - تَدارُكٌ

Performing prayer or one of its acts that the worshiper has missed doing at its Shariah-assigned place as long as it permits doing so.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Captive - أَسِيرٌ

Anyone who has been captured by the enemy, whether in the battle or not.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Elevated land - صَعِيدٌ

The surface of the earth regardless of whether it is covered with dust or something else.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Empty space (used for relieving oneself) - خَلاءٌ

A designated area used for answering the call of nature.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Uncertainty - شَكٌّ

Being uncertain about one's state of ritual purity, regardless of whether the two possibilities are even or one of them is preponderant.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lust - شَهْوَةٌ

One's desire to have sexual intercourse.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Round - شَوْطٌ

Circumambulating (making "Tawaaf") around the Ka‘bah once, starting at the Black Stone and finishing at the Black Stone; or walking once (during Hajj or ‘Umrah in a rite called "Sa‘y") from Mount Safa to Mount Marwah or vice versa.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Regaining Consciousness - إِفاقَةٌ

Regaining mental faculties following a state of intoxication, mental illness, or fainting.

Translated into: English Urdu

Phalanxes (bones) - سُلامَى

Bones of the fingers and toes.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Peace time - سِلْمٌ

Leaving jihad against the disbelievers for a specific period of time.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Intersex/Bisexual - خُنْثَى

A person born with both male and female sexual organs or neither of the two.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

The Treasury - بَيْتُ الـمالِ

The authority that possesses the public funds of the Muslims.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Socks - جَوْرَبٌ

A wrap made of wool or the like that is worn on the feet and covers the ankles.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Tangible purification - طَهارَةٌ عَيْنِيَّةٌ

Removing impurities from one's clothing, body, or a place.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Recommended purification - طَهارَةٌ مُسْتَحَبَّةٌ

Purification done in order to perform a voluntary, not obligatory, act of worship.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Illiterate - أُمِّيٌّ

A person who is incapable of reciting Sūrat al-Fātihah properly, neither from memory nor from the mus'haf (physical copy of the Qur’an), even if they can recite other surahs properly.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Growth of pubic hair - إِنْباتٌ

Emergence of coarse hair around the genitals.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Stoppage - انْقِطاعٌ

Stoppage of bloodflow.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Leaving/Abandoning - تَرْكٌ

Not doing something despite of being able to do it, whether it be intentionally or unintentionally.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

A one-year-old camel - ابْنُ مَخاضٍ

A young camel that has completed one year of age and has started its second year.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Reclining/Leaning - اتِّكاءٌ

Leaning against something and using it for support with any part of the body.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Supreme leadership/ Presidency - إِمارَةٌ

The supreme leadership position in a country.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Belligerent disbelievers - أَهْلُ الحَرْبِ

The disbeliever enemies who neither have a covenant with Muslims nor are granted protection in Muslim lands.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Night worship - إحْياءُ اللَّيْلِ

Filling the night, or most of it, with acts of worship such as the prayer, remembrance of Allah, reciting the Qur’an, and so on.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Sending/Letting hands loose - إِرْسالٌ

To loosen one's both hands down straight in prayer while standing, and not to clasp them (right hand on the left).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Clean water - ماءٌ طاهِرٌ

Water that is clean in itself but does not purify other things.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Little water - ماءٌ قَلِيلٌ

Water whose volume is less than two "qullahs" (200 liters).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Military mobilization - اِسْتِنْفارٌ

Request of the leader of the Muslims or his deputy from one or more of his subjects to march out for the fight in the cause of Allah.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Daybreak - إِسْفارٌ

Appearance of the white streak of light which stretches across the horizon at dawn, without any doubt about it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Assigning shares - إِسْهامٌ

Giving a specific share of the spoils of war to a specific person.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Torturing/Inflicting punishment - تَعْذِيبٌ

Punishing someone and disciplining him with every measure that is painful and difficult for him to bear.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Miscarried Fetus - سِقْطٌ

A dead fetus that falls out of its mother"s womb after its human shape has become visible.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Bosnian Russian

Weapon - سِلاحٌ

All the weapons of war and fight equipment.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Kinship - قَرابَةٌ

Blood relationship that connects man with others.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Delaying until coolness - إِبْرادٌ

Delaying performing the Zhuhr prayer from the beginning of its due time to its last time during extreme heat.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Milch camel/sheep - لَبُونٌ

Camel or sheep that bears milk.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

One-year-old she-camel - ابْنَةُ مَخاضٍ

A she-camel that has completed its first year of age but has not yet completed its second year.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Ending an assembly - تَفَرُّقٌ

Ending an assembly and leaving each participant his own way.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Abortion - إِجْهاضٌ

Expulsion of the fetus from the womb before it is fully grown or before completing the period of pregnancy.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Morning - صُبْحٌ

The time between the break of dawn and sunrise.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Appraisal/Estimation - تَقْوِيمٌ

Specifying a price for something based on its lawful benefits.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Hermitage - صَوْمَعَةٌ

A dwelling in which Christian hermits stay to isolate themselves from people and dedicate themselves to worship.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Hemorrhoid - باسُورٌ

A pain in the anal canal caused by internal swelling.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Vapor - بُخارٌ

Steam that rises from liquids when their temperatures rise.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Hunting - صَيْدٌ

Sniping a free wild animal with a hunting tool with the intention of catching it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Giving extra war booty - تَنْفِيلٌ

Giving the warrior more than his share from the war booty (for excellent performance).

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Fetus - جَنِينٌ

The child in its mother’s womb.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Memorizing - حِفْظٌ

The ability to store information in your brain and to recall it at any time.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Sanctuary - حِمًى

The land which the Muslim ruler allocates for a certain public interest and prohibits anyone from approaching.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Repelling/Prevention - دَرْءٌ

Repelling something and preventing it from happening

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Crops - زَرْعٌ

The plant that results from sowing seeds in the soil.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Concealment - سَتْرٌ

Concealing someone else's defect and not revealing it to people.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Taste - طَعْمٌ

What is sensed through tasting with the tongue, i.e. sweetness or bitterness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

"Dhul-Hijjah" - ذُو الحِجَّةِ

The twelfth month of the Hijri calendar, after Dhul-Qa‘dah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

"Dhul-Qa‘dah" - ذُو القَعْدَةِ

The eleventh month of the Hijri calendar, comingwhich comes after Shawwāl and precedingprecedes "Dhul-Hijjah."

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Rajab (lunar month) - رَجَبٌ

The seventh month of the lunar calendar.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Repeating something twice - تَثْنِيَة الأذان

Repeating the words of Adhān (call to prayer), and saying it twice.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Stepping over necks - تَخَطِّي الرِّقابِ

Separating people who are sitting next to each other in order to pass between them.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Impurification - تَنْجِيسٌ

Throwing impurity into something pure.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Regular imam - راتِبٌ

The imam appointed by the ruler or his representative to lead the congregational prayer.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Capital - رَأْسُ المالِ

Total amount of money used to purchase goods with the intention of selling them to gain profit.

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Stepdaughter - رَبِيبَةٌ

The wife's daughter, down to all levels, from a previous marriage, whether she is related to the wife by birth (her biological daughter) or by breastfeeding.

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Testicles - أُنْثَيانِ

The two testicles.

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Blood relatives - أُولُو الأرْحامِ

In the context of inheritance, "ulu al-arhām" means distant blood relatives; i.e. every male or female relative who does not inherit a share from the estate of the deceased, neither an allotted share ("fard") nor a remaining share after the distribution of the allotted shares ("ta‘seeb").

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Imam's prayer niche - مِحْرابٌ

A niche in the wall of the masjid in the direction of the "qiblah" (prayer direction) where the imam stands to lead the prayer.

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Vermin - هَوَامٌّ

Small insects

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Wadi Muhassir - وَادِي مُحَسِّرٍ

A valley between Mina and Muzdalifah which is not part of either of them.

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Sitting - جُلُوسٌ

The sitting in between the two prostrations during the prayer.

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Dependents - عِيَالٌ

A man's dependents.

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Invasion - غَزْوٌ

Seeking to fight the disbelievers, who are at war with Muslims, in their land with the permission of the Muslim ruler or his deputy.

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Heel - عَقِبٌ

The part of the rear of the foot that touches the ground.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Treachery - غَدْرٌ

It is breaking the covenant and not fulfilling one"s responsibility towards it.

Translated into: English French Urdu

Karat - قِيرَاطٌ

A certain measure that is one out of twenty-four parts.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Camphor - كافُورٌ

A white volatile crystalline substance with an aromatic smell and bitter taste. It is solid and can be crushed.

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Day of Sacrifice - يَوْمُ النَّحْرِ

The tenth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. It is the day of Eid al-Adha.

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The Day of ‘Arafah - يَوْمُ عَرَفَة

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Wrist bone/Trapezium bone - كُوعٌ

The bone in the wrist joint below the thumb.

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Recanting/Breaching - نَكْثٌ

The breaching of covenants and contracts that have been concluded.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Representation - نِيَابَةٌ

Having the authority to do a particular action on behalf of another so that the outcome of the action would benefit the represented person.

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Saying ‘amen’ - تَأْمِينُ الدُّعاءِ

Saying ‘amen’ at the end of a supplication made by another person.

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Standing with arms akimbo in prayer - تَخَصُّرٌ

Placing one or both hands on the middle of the body during prayer.

Translated into: English Bosnian Russian

Final illness - مَرَضُ المَوْتِ

The illness which most probably leads to death and which is actually succeeded by death, even if the cause of death is different.

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Adolescence/Pre-puberty - مُراهَقَةٌ

The stage in a human being's life in which he approaches puberty.

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Dedicating something for Allah's cause. - تَسبِيلٌ

Permitting the benefits of some property on a permanent basis, and dedicating its asset to a charitable purpose with the aim of drawing close to Allah.

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Yearling calf - تَبِيعٌ - تَبِيعَةٌ

A calf that has completed its first year of age and started its second year.

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Quenching thirst - تروية

Taking water as provision and carrying it in order to use it for drinking, watering, and the like.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Concubinage - تسري

Taking a female slave as a concubine by her master.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Most likely place/situation - مَظِنّةٌ

The most likely place where something could exist.

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Illness - مَرَضٌ

A condition that adversely affects the body and health.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Forearm - سَاعِدٌ

The body part between the elbow and the hand.

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Unintentional nullification of ablution - سَبْقُ الحَدَثِ

The coming out of a nullifier of ablution from the body unintentionally during prayer.

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Scrawny cattle - عَجْفاءُ

Sheep and cattle that doesn’t have marrow in its bones.

Translated into: English French Urdu Russian

Freedom of choice - تَخْيِيرٌ

Giving freedom of choice to the one qualifed for religious obligations in ceratin matters

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Limp - عَرَجٌ

Leaning towards one side while walking because of a defect in the leg.

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Perfume - عِطْرٌ

Everything that has a pleasant smell and can be used as perfume.

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Soul patch - عَنفَقَةٌ

The hair that grows between the lower lip and the chin.

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Unintentional mistake - غَلَطٌ

Something contrary to what is correct without intention.

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Bloodletting - فَصْدٌ

Cutting a blood vessel so as to let blood come out for the purpose of medical treatment.

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Elderly women - قَواعِد

The old woman who no longer menstruates, or who has no desire for marriage.

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Losing erection during penetration - إكسال

When a man's penis loses its erection after penetration during sexual intercourse, so he does not ejaculate.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Undervaluing - بَخْسٌ

Unfair price-cutting in sale or purchase.

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Rubbing a chewed date on a baby's palate - تَحْنِيكٌ

Rubbing a chewed date or the like on a baby's palate so that its sweetness runs down their throat.

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Just - عدل

It refers to an adult and sane Muslim who shuns major sins and does not persist in minor ones, and he mostly behaves correctly and refrains from such acts that prejudice the sense of honor.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Exhorting/Inciting - تَحْرِيضٌ

Exhorting Muslims to fight their enemy in the Cause of Allah, by encouraging them to seek the reward in the Hereafter or a share in the spoils of war.

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Wrist - رُسْغٌ

The joint connecting the forearm with the hand.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Sheep/Goat - شاةٌ

A single sheep or goat.

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Standing - قِيامٌ

Standing up on the ground in an upright position.

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Clothing - لِباسٌ

Anything that covers the body or part of it, whether made of wool, leather or the like.

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Placenta - مَشِيمَةٌ

Placenta or afterbirth; a tissue membrane that develops around the fetus inside the womb to protect it.

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Minted/Coined - مَسْكُوكٌ

Coins (metal currency) which carry a stamp produced by the government authority.

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Enduring with patience - مُصابَرَةٌ

Resisting the enemy and struggling with them in the battlefield.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Expropriation/Confiscation - مُصادَرَةٌ

The procedure wherein the ruler confiscates a specific property from its owner by force and turns it into state property without compensation to the owner.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Kidnapping - اخْتِطافٌ

Seizing something swiftly in plain sight and running away with it.

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Large city/Metropolis - مِصْرٌ

Any big city that has a ruler who applies the rulings of the Shariah and carries out the corporal punishments prescribed for crimes.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Land of war - دار الحرب

Any territory where laws of disbelief prevail and where the Muslims have no power or authority.

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Breach of covenant - إِخْفارٌ

Breaching the covenant that was given to the disbelievers by transgressing against their lives, wealth, or honor.

Translated into: English French Spanish Bosnian Russian

Armor - دِرْعٌ

What a warrior wears to protect his body from the enemy’s weapons.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Breaking one's undertakings - إخلاف

Non-fulfillment of what a person has promised or undertaken to do.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Making defective - إِخْلَالٌ

Failure to do something as prescribed by the Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Lote trees - سِدْرٌ

The lote (buckthorn) tree whose leaves are mixed with water after being crushed to be used in cleaning and in "ruqyah" (Shariah-approved method for healing).

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Submission - إِذْعَانٌ

Surrender and submission to something and acceptance of its consequences entirely, without any hesitation.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Seeking help - اسْتِنْجَادٌ

Requesting aid from someone else in times of dire need.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Bishop - أُسْقُفٌ

A title in Christianity for the clergyman above the priest and below the archbishop.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Sunrise - إشراق

The time of offering the "Duha" (forenoon) prayer begins after the sun has risen with the brightest light and by the height of a spear.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Resting places of camels - أَعْطَانٌ

The places where camels habitually stay.

Translated into: English French Urdu Russian

Napping/Taking a nap - إِغْفاءٌ

Light and short sleep.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Misappropriation - إغلال

Misappropriation of trust.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Uncircumcised - أَغْلَفُ

The uncircumcised person.

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Shouting - صِياحٌ

Aloud sound made by a living being, such as a human being or the like.

Translated into: English Urdu

Lowering one's head - طَأْطَأَةٌ

Lowering one's head inclining it toward the ground during prayer.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Darkness - عَتَمَةٌ

The time between the disappearance of the red twilight until the end of the first third of the night.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Verses of prostration - آيَاتُ السَّجْدَةِ

Specific verses from the Noble Qur’an that require prostration once they are read or heard.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Qur’an's prostrations - سَجَدَاتُ القُرْآنِ

Certain verses in the Qur’an upon reciting or hearing it one should perform a prostration.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Maliciousness/Evilness - خُبْثٌ

Corruption that harms one"s soul or body physically or spiritually.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Booty gained without fighting - فَـيْءٌ

Whatever the Muslims gain as booty from the disbelievers without fighting.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Seeking Help - اسْتِعانَةٌ

Seeking support and help from another in fighting the enemy.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Treasure - كَـنْزٌ

Buried riches.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Turban - عِمامَةٌ

A long piece of cloth wrapped around the head in a round shape.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

By force - عَنْوَةٌ

The Muslims' overcoming of the disbelievers and their seizing of their lands.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Violating others' rights or authority - افْتِيَاتٌ

Violating others' rights or special authority without their permission.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

War - حَرْبٌ

Fighting an external enemy by using weapons.

Translated into: English French Russian

Guffaw - قَهْقَهَةٌ

Laughing loudly and intensely in a way that those around him can hear it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu