Dutifulness and kindness to one’s parents through words and deeds during their life and after their death.
"Kafā’ah": equivalence, equality, comparison.
"Bughāh" (sing. bāghi): transgressor, oppressor. It is derived from "baghy", which means: exceeding the limits.
"Dhimmi": one who is given protection and security. It is derived from "dhimma", which means: covenant, protection.
"Jihād": exerting utmost effort and power in terms of speech or deeds.
"Ma‘ābid" (sing: ma‘bad): place of worship and obedience and whatever brings one close to Allah. Original meaning of "‘ibādah" (worship): displaying humility, docility, submission, compliance.
"Baghy": oppression, transgression. Original meaning: corruption.
"Qitāl": fighting, combating. It is derived from "qatl", which means killing.
"Ghiyalah": deception, heedlessness. It is derived from "ightiyāl", which means: taking something out of nowhere.
"Qā’id": someone who is at the front, ahead of others, and guides them in their march. Opposite: "sā’iq" (one who walks behind others and steers them). Other meanings: army commander.
"Dhull": weakness, disgrace. Opposite: honor, strength. Original meaning: softness, easiness. Other meanings: submission, humility.
"Irhāb": disturbing, causing panic. It is derived from "rahbah", which means: fear. Other meanings: threatening, intimidation, causing horror.
"Wafā’": loyalty, fulfillment of covenant. Opposite: treachery. Original meaning: completeness, perfection.
"Tā‘ūn": plague, a widespread disease that harms people’s mental and physical health. It is also used to refer to death.
Taking out one fifth of the spoils of war.
Anyone who has been captured by the enemy, whether in the battle or not.
Leaving jihad against the disbelievers for a specific period of time.
Emergence of coarse hair around the genitals.
The supreme leadership position in a country.
The disbeliever enemies who neither have a covenant with Muslims nor are granted protection in Muslim lands.
Request of the leader of the Muslims or his deputy from one or more of his subjects to march out for the fight in the cause of Allah.
Giving a specific share of the spoils of war to a specific person.
Punishing someone and disciplining him with every measure that is painful and difficult for him to bear.
All the weapons of war and fight equipment.
A dwelling in which Christian hermits stay to isolate themselves from people and dedicate themselves to worship.
Giving the warrior more than his share from the war booty (for excellent performance).
The seventh month of the lunar calendar.
Seeking to fight the disbelievers, who are at war with Muslims, in their land with the permission of the Muslim ruler or his deputy.
It is breaking the covenant and not fulfilling one"s responsibility towards it.
The breaching of covenants and contracts that have been concluded.
Taking a female slave as a concubine by her master.
Exhorting Muslims to fight their enemy in the Cause of Allah, by encouraging them to seek the reward in the Hereafter or a share in the spoils of war.
Resisting the enemy and struggling with them in the battlefield.
What a warrior wears to protect his body from the enemy’s weapons.
Surrender and submission to something and acceptance of its consequences entirely, without any hesitation.
Requesting aid from someone else in times of dire need.
Any territory where laws of disbelief prevail and where the Muslims have no power or authority.
Breaching the covenant that was given to the disbelievers by transgressing against their lives, wealth, or honor.
A title in Christianity for the clergyman above the priest and below the archbishop.
Misappropriation of trust.
Whatever the Muslims gain as booty from the disbelievers without fighting.
Seeking support and help from another in fighting the enemy.
The Muslims' overcoming of the disbelievers and their seizing of their lands.
Violating others' rights or special authority without their permission.
Fighting an external enemy by using weapons.
Attacking the enemy by surprise in order to take their wealth and lives, and to assault them.
Hastening to end the life of the wounded.
A person who works for another in return for a wage.
Use of flaming fire to bring about an effect on an item.
Surrendering oneself to the enemy to be taken captive.
Turning a free human being into an owned slave.
Launching a surprise night attack against the enemy.
A name of an Islamic unit of measurement equivalent to 12 Sā‘s, and in modern units is equal to 33 liters or 26 kilograms.
Hiding something and avoiding to talk about it.
The return of an injured combatant who sustained heavy wounds and barely alive.
Equipping a soldier with money, weapons, and the like, and dispatching him to fight the enemy.
Releasing something from the possession of someone else by fulfilling what is owed to that person.
Freeing prisoners from the enemy captivity.
Asking the Imam (Muslim ruler) for alms, whether it consists of money or anything else.
Agreement between the leader of a state or his representative and non-Muslims to cease fighting for a given period of time.