Madinah - المَدِينَةُ النَّبَوِيَّةُ

The proper name of the city of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, to which he emigrated from Makkah and in which he lived and died.

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Ritual state of consecration - إحْرامٌ

The intention to start the rituals of Hajj or ‘Umrah.

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Forbidden acts during Ihrām - مَـحْظُوراتُ الإحْرامِ

Practices that are prohibited for a person in the state of Ihrām for Hajj or ‘Umrah.

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Slaughter - ذَكَاةٌ

Spilling the blood of an animal in a certain manner.

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Forbidden things - محظورات

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

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Minor Hajj - عُمْرَةٌ

Visiting the Sacred Mosque in Makkah any day of the year to perform special rituals.

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Safa - صَفا

"Safa" (sing. safāh): the wide, hard, flat stone which nothing grows on. It is derived from "safā’", which means purity.

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The Black Stone - الحَجَرُ الأَسْوَدُ

Tījāniyyah

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Sacrificial animal - أُضْحِيَّةٌ

"Ud'hiyah": a name given to the animal that one slaughters as a sacrifice to Allah. It originally refers to the animal slaughtered on the Day of Nahr (Eid al-Ad'ha, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah).

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Prevention from completing Hajj/‘Umrah - إحْصارٌ

"Ihsār": gathering, detention, prevention. Examples of "ihsār" include such cases when a person is prevented by illness or travel from doing something, and when a pilgrim is prevented by illness or some other cause from completing the rituals of Hajj.

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Ending the state of Ihrām - إِحْلالٌ

"Ihlāl": It is the opposite of "ihrām" (ritual state of consecration assumed for Hajj or ‘Umrah). Original meaning: opening something.

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Exposing the right shoulder - اضْطِباعٌ

"Idttibā‘": inserting one’s garment under one’s right arm and then throws its ends over one’s left shoulder, exposing the right shoulder.

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Changing - تَغْيِيرٌ

"Taghyīr": changing, removing. Other meanings: shifting, distorting, abrogating, substituting.

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Cupping - اِحْتِجامٌ

"Ihtijām": extracting blood from the body. It is derived from "hajm", which means sucking. Other meanings: seeking "hijāmah" (wet cupping).

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Jerusalem - بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ

Tījāniyyah

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Shortening the prayer - قَصْرُ الصَّلاةِ

Tījāniyyah

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The days of Mina - أيّامُ مِنى

Tījāniyyah

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Circumambulation - طَوافٌ

"Tawāf": going around something.

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Missed actions - فَوَاتٌ

"Fawāt": missing something by not doing it on time. Original meaning: the opposite of catching up with something and reaching it. Other meanings: lapsing, ending.

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Poor - فَقِيرٌ

"Faqīr": a person who has a little money. It is derived from "faqr", which means lack of money. Other meanings: one who owns nothing.

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Vicious animals - فَواسِق

Animals which instinctively attack people and harm them.

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Haram signposts - أَعْلامُ الحَرَمِ

The signs erected in certain places specified by the Shariah to mark the boundaries of the Sacred Mosque in Makkah and in Madinah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Lust - شَهْوَةٌ

One's desire to have sexual intercourse.

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Round - شَوْطٌ

Circumambulating (making "Tawaaf") around the Ka‘bah once, starting at the Black Stone and finishing at the Black Stone; or walking once (during Hajj or ‘Umrah in a rite called "Sa‘y") from Mount Safa to Mount Marwah or vice versa.

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Daybreak - إِسْفارٌ

Appearance of the white streak of light which stretches across the horizon at dawn, without any doubt about it.

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Appraisal/Estimation - تَقْوِيمٌ

Specifying a price for something based on its lawful benefits.

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Vapor - بُخارٌ

Steam that rises from liquids when their temperatures rise.

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Hunting - صَيْدٌ

Sniping a free wild animal with a hunting tool with the intention of catching it.

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Sanctuary - حِمًى

The land which the Muslim ruler allocates for a certain public interest and prohibits anyone from approaching.

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Vermin - هَوَامٌّ

Small insects

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Wadi Muhassir - وَادِي مُحَسِّرٍ

A valley between Mina and Muzdalifah which is not part of either of them.

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"Dhul-Hijjah" - ذُو الحِجَّةِ

The twelfth month of the Hijri calendar, after Dhul-Qa‘dah

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"Dhul-Qa‘dah" - ذُو القَعْدَةِ

The eleventh month of the Hijri calendar, comingwhich comes after Shawwāl and precedingprecedes "Dhul-Hijjah."

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Scrawny cattle - عَجْفاءُ

Sheep and cattle that doesn’t have marrow in its bones.

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Limp - عَرَجٌ

Leaning towards one side while walking because of a defect in the leg.

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Perfume - عِطْرٌ

Everything that has a pleasant smell and can be used as perfume.

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Day of Sacrifice - يَوْمُ النَّحْرِ

The tenth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. It is the day of Eid al-Adha.

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The Day of ‘Arafah - يَوْمُ عَرَفَة

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah.

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Representation - نِيَابَةٌ

Having the authority to do a particular action on behalf of another so that the outcome of the action would benefit the represented person.

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Quenching thirst - تروية

Taking water as provision and carrying it in order to use it for drinking, watering, and the like.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Freedom of choice - تَخْيِيرٌ

Giving freedom of choice to the one qualifed for religious obligations in ceratin matters

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Rubbing a chewed date on a baby's palate - تَحْنِيكٌ

Rubbing a chewed date or the like on a baby's palate so that its sweetness runs down their throat.

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Exhorting/Inciting - تَحْرِيضٌ

Exhorting Muslims to fight their enemy in the Cause of Allah, by encouraging them to seek the reward in the Hereafter or a share in the spoils of war.

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Sheep/Goat - شاةٌ

A single sheep or goat.

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Breach of covenant - إِخْفارٌ

Breaching the covenant that was given to the disbelievers by transgressing against their lives, wealth, or honor.

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Making defective - إِخْلَالٌ

Failure to do something as prescribed by the Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Camel and Rabbit Hair - وَبَرٌ

The hair that grows on the skin of camels and rabbits.

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Wool - صُوفٌ

It is what grows on the skin of the sheep.

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Shrike - صُرَدٌ

A bird with a white belly, a green back, and a large head and beak which hunts small birds.

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Shawwaal (10th lunar month) - شَوّالٌ

The month that comes after the month of Ramadan.

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Enlivening the Holy Mosque of Makkah - إحْياءُ البَيْتِ الحَرامِ

Frequently visiting Al-Masjid al-Harām and populating it by performing Hajj and ‘Umrah uninterruptedly.

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Falcon - شاهِينٌ

A bird of prey from the falcon species, characterized by its long wings.

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Camel grass - إِذْخِرٌ

A leafy green plant with a thick trunk and fragrant foliage used in the graves and other buildings.

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Grass cutting - احْتِشاشٌ

Cutting grass and collecting it for the purpose of owning it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Gathering firewood - احْتِطابٌ

Gathering firewood, such as tree branches, boughs, and twigs, with the intention of owning it.

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Spilling - إراقَةٌ

To pour liquid and spill it from a higher place.

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Looking forward/Anticipation - اسْتِشْرافٌ

Looking at something with the intention of selecting it.

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Touching the Black Stone - اسْتِلامٌ الحجر الأسود

Touching the Black Stone with the hand or kissing it with the lips.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Enjoying the spouse - اِسْتِمْتاعٌ

Mutual enjoyment between the spouses through sexual intercourse, foreplay, kissing, etc.

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The Two Disciples - الآخَران

"Al-Ākharan" is a term in the Hanafi school of thought which refers to the two Imams: Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn al-Hasan.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Short-tailed snake - أَبْتَرُ

Short-tailed snake.

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Completion - إِتْمامٌ

Completing the rites of Hajj and ‘Umrah after initiating them.

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Tamarisk - أَثْلٌ

A tree with dense branches, a tall trunk, small leaves, and inedible fruits.

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Acceptance/Agreement - تَقَبُّلٌ

When two or more persons participate in work and split the wages between them.

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Wearing a necklace or belt around the neck - تَقَلُّدٌ

Placing a necklace or belt around the neck.

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Assessment - تَقَوُّمٌ

Being a property that is lawful to benefit from according to the Shariah.

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Using a limestone compound as depilator - تَنَوُّرٌ

Removing body hair by using a calcareous stone mixed with water, known as "noorah".

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Braids - ضَفِيرَةٌ

Strands of hair interlaced with each other.

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Hajj wages - بَلاغٌ

Money given to someone to cover the expenses of performing Hajj on behalf of someone else.

Translated into: English Urdu

Dwelling/House - بَيْتٌ

Any dwelling place that has walls and a ceiling.

Translated into: English Indonesian

Crow - غُرَابٌ

A black malicious bird.

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Cap - قَلَنسُوَةٌ [قُلَنسِيَةٌ]

A skullcap that is worn on the head and around which a turban is wreathed.

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Shoulder - كَتِفٌ

A wide bone behind the upper part of the body that joins the arm with the body

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Mask/Veil - لِثامٌ

A piece of garment, veil, or the like used to cover the mouth or the nose.

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Intercrural sex/Thigh sex - مُفَاخَذَةٌ

Sexually enjoying a woman between her thighs without vaginal penetration.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Magpie - عَقْعَقٌ

Magpie; a black and white crow similar to the pigeon in size, with a long tail and short wings.

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Distance traveled in one day - مَرْحَلَةٌ

The distance that takes one day or night to be covered by someone walking or riding a loaded animal, equivalent to twenty-four miles (around 44,352 meters).

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Epiglottis - غَلْصَمَةٌ

The protrusion at the top of the throat.

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Kiss - قُبْلَةٌ

Placing the lips on something as a sign of sexual desire, veneration, etc.

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Cattle - ماشِيَةٌ

Camels, cows, and sheep.

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Goat - ماعِزٌ

An ovine mammal covered with hair

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Fungible items - مِثْلِيّاتٌ

Anything whose equivalent is available in the market without any significant difference that causes a difference in price.

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Proceeding at night - إِدْلاجٌ

Leaving Muzdalifah and heading for Minā after midnight during Hajj.

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Seeking shade - اِسْتِظْلالٌ

Benefiting of the shade in order to avoid sunlight.

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Hastening - إِسْرَاعٌ

Performing something at its earliest time

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Saltwort - أَشْنَان

A plant that is ground up and used in washing clothes, hands, etc.

Translated into: English Russian

Small water container - إِداوَةٌ

A small container made of leather to keep water therein.

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Dusty - أَغْبَرُ

A person who has dust stuck to parts of his body.

Translated into: English Urdu

Hornless cattle - جَلْحاءُ

Cattle with no horns since birth.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Bandage - ضِمادٌ

What is used to wrap the injured spot such as swathe or the like, whether medication is used or not.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Persian shawl - طَيْلَسان

A piece of clothing which a man puts on his shoulders, head, and back. It is worn over the clothes, and is not sewn or tailored.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Woman/Howdah - ظَعِينَةٌ

Woman sitting inside a howdah, which is a means of transport for women.

Translated into: English Urdu

Al-‘Aqabah - العَقَبَةُ

An elevated place in Mina where pilgrims stone the "jamarāt" (stoning pillars) on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Dim-sighted - عَمَشٌ

Weak eyesight along with excessive tearing.

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Blind female - عَمْياء

Cattle who has completely lost sight in both eyes.

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