Month of Ramadān - شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ

The ninth month of the Hijri calendar.

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Tenth of Muharram - عاشُوراءُ

The tenth day of the month of Muharram.

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Fasting - الصَّوْمُ

To abstain from whatever breaks the fast from the break of dawn until sunset while having this intention.

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Shariah objectives - مَقَاصِدُ الشَّرِيعَةِ

The objectives and rationales that the Lawgiver took into consideration, generally and specifically, while legislating to achieve people’s interests.

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Breaking the fast - إفْطارٌ

"Iftār": breaking one’s fast by eating or drinking. Opposite: fasting. It is derived from "fitr", which means: split, opening.

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Testimony - شَهادَةٌ

"Shahādah": telling information obtained by means of witnessing or seeing some incident.

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Lesbianism - سِحاقٌ

"Sihāq": sexual enjoyment between a woman and another woman. It is derived from "sahq", which means: remoteness, crushing (as lesbians press their sexual organs against each other).

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Abstaining from invalidators of the fast - إمْساكٌ

Tījāniyyah

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Cupping - اِحْتِجامٌ

"Ihtijām": extracting blood from the body. It is derived from "hajm", which means sucking. Other meanings: seeking "hijāmah" (wet cupping).

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Jerusalem - بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ

Tījāniyyah

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Hastening/Rushing - تَعْجِيلٌ

"Ta‘jīl": hastening; doing something before its due time. It is derived from "‘ajalah", which is the opposite of slowness and tardiness. Other meanings: doing something before another.

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Facilitation - تَيْسِيرٌ

"Taysīr": facilitation, easing. It is derived from "yusr", which means: ease, docility. Opposite: hardship, difficulty.

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Pre-seminal fluid - مَذْيٌ

"Madhy": a thin whitish liquid released from the penis upon sexual arousal, foreplay, kissing, or imagining sexual acts.

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Continuous fasting - وِصَالٌ

"Wisāl": joining, connecting. Opposite: "inqitā‘" (interruption). Original meaning: joining something to something else until it becomes attached to it. Other meanings: exaggeration, continuing, carrying on, following, succession.

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Sighting the crescent - رُؤْيَةُ الهِلالِ

Tījāniyyah

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Voluntary fast - صَوْمُ التَّطَوُّعِ

Tījāniyyah

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Intimacy with wife - مُباشَرَةُ المَرْأَةِ

Tījāniyyah

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Inability - عَجْزٌ

"‘Ajz": weakness. Original meaning: falling behind. Opposite: ability.

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The Night of Decree - لَيْلَةُ القَدْرِ

Tījāniyyah

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Using antimony (eyeliner) - اكْتِحالٌ

Using antimony (eyeliner) in the eyelids for beautification or remedy.

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Lust - شَهْوَةٌ

One's desire to have sexual intercourse.

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Night worship - إحْياءُ اللَّيْلِ

Filling the night, or most of it, with acts of worship such as the prayer, remembrance of Allah, reciting the Qur’an, and so on.

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Vapor - بُخارٌ

Steam that rises from liquids when their temperatures rise.

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Rajab (lunar month) - رَجَبٌ

The seventh month of the lunar calendar.

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The Day of ‘Arafah - يَوْمُ عَرَفَة

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah.

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Bloodletting - فَصْدٌ

Cutting a blood vessel so as to let blood come out for the purpose of medical treatment.

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Making defective - إِخْلَالٌ

Failure to do something as prescribed by the Shariah.

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Napping/Taking a nap - إِغْفاءٌ

Light and short sleep.

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Anus - دُبُر

The opening through which feces exit the body.

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Night - لَيْلٌ

The time between sunset and the break of the true dawn.

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Fainting - إغْماءٌ

Losing consciousness and the ability to move because of illness.

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Intoxication/Elation - انْتِشاءٌ

The state of elation a person experiences when drinking alcohol.

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Desire/Need - إرْبَةٌ

Physical desire and need for women.

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Enjoying the spouse - اِسْتِمْتاعٌ

Mutual enjoyment between the spouses through sexual intercourse, foreplay, kissing, etc.

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Ramadan - رَمَضانُ

The ninth month of the Hijri year. It comes after Sha‘baan and before Shawwaal.

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Dwelling/House - بَيْتٌ

Any dwelling place that has walls and a ceiling.

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The last night of the month - سِرارٌ

The last night of the (lunar) month.

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Neck - رَقَبَةٌ

The neck that connects the head with the body.

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Intercrural sex/Thigh sex - مُفَاخَذَةٌ

Sexually enjoying a woman between her thighs without vaginal penetration.

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Moonless night - سُرَرٌ

The day or two during which the moon is invisible at the end of the month.

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An elderly woman - عَجُوزٌ

An elderly woman.

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Kiss - قُبْلَةٌ

Placing the lips on something as a sign of sexual desire, veneration, etc.

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Vomit - قَيْءٌ

Food and liquids that come out from the stomach to the mouth.

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Bareed (a unit of measurement) - بَرِيد

A unit for measuring distances. It consists of four "farāsikh", and one "farsakh" equals three miles.

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Mouth - فَمٌ

An opening in the face used for speaking, eating, and drinking.

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Fog - ضَبابٌ

Quick-spreading condensed vapor that covers the surface of the earth and obscures vision.

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