Obligatory alms - الزَكاة

Giving out a specific part of certain kinds of property in a certain manner to certain types of people.

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Charity - صَدَقَةٌ

The donation that a person gives from his own wealth as an act of worship and in pursuit of reward from Allah Almighty.

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Fast-breaking charity - زَكاةُ الفِطْرِ

Charity consisting of food that becomes obligatory at the end of Ramadān.

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Zakah on gold and silver - زَكاةُ النَّقْدَينِ

Giving out a specific amount of gold, silver, or of their product or banknotes to those who deserve Zakah if they reach the Nisāb (amount liable for Zakah) and one lunar year elapses while they are in the owner’s possession.

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Eid prayers - صَلاةُ العِيدَينِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer that is performed in a specific manner on the day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Ad-ha.

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Wealth/Money - أَمْوالٌ

"Amwāl" (sing. māl): everything that can be possessed by humans.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Livestock - أَنْعامٌ

"An‘ām" (sing. na‘am): cattle; camels, cows, sheep. It is derived from "tana‘‘um", which means: prosperity, enjoyment, affluence.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Rulers/Those in authority - أُولُو الأَمْرِ

Tījāniyyah

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Aggressors/Transgressors - بُغاةٌ

"Bughāh" (sing. bāghi): transgressor, oppressor. It is derived from "baghy", which means: exceeding the limits.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

The cause of Allah - سَبِيلُ اللهِ تعالى

Tījāniyyah

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Trade - تِجارَةٌ

"Tijārah": trade, buying and selling. It is derived from "tājir", which means: trader.

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Needy/Poor - مِسْكِينٌ

"Miskīn": someone who does not own anything. It was said to mean someone who does not have enough money. It is derived from "sakūn", which means: tranquility and immobility. Other meanings: a person who is humiliated, submissive, and weak.

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Humiliation - ذُلٌّ

"Dhull": weakness, disgrace. Opposite: honor, strength. Original meaning: softness, easiness. Other meanings: submission, humility.

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Orphan sponsorship - كَفالَةُ اليَتِيمِ

Tījāniyyah

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Poor - فَقِيرٌ

"Faqīr": a person who has a little money. It is derived from "faqr", which means lack of money. Other meanings: one who owns nothing.

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The Treasury - بَيْتُ الـمالِ

The authority that possesses the public funds of the Muslims.

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A one-year-old camel - ابْنُ مَخاضٍ

A young camel that has completed one year of age and has started its second year.

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Kinship - قَرابَةٌ

Blood relationship that connects man with others.

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Milch camel/sheep - لَبُونٌ

Camel or sheep that bears milk.

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One-year-old she-camel - ابْنَةُ مَخاضٍ

A she-camel that has completed its first year of age but has not yet completed its second year.

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Crops - زَرْعٌ

The plant that results from sowing seeds in the soil.

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"Dhul-Qa‘dah" - ذُو القَعْدَةِ

The eleventh month of the Hijri calendar, comingwhich comes after Shawwāl and precedingprecedes "Dhul-Hijjah."

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Capital - رَأْسُ المالِ

Total amount of money used to purchase goods with the intention of selling them to gain profit.

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Stepdaughter - رَبِيبَةٌ

The wife's daughter, down to all levels, from a previous marriage, whether she is related to the wife by birth (her biological daughter) or by breastfeeding.

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Blood relatives - أُولُو الأرْحامِ

In the context of inheritance, "ulu al-arhām" means distant blood relatives; i.e. every male or female relative who does not inherit a share from the estate of the deceased, neither an allotted share ("fard") nor a remaining share after the distribution of the allotted shares ("ta‘seeb").

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Dependents - عِيَالٌ

A man's dependents.

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Karat - قِيرَاطٌ

A certain measure that is one out of twenty-four parts.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Yearling calf - تَبِيعٌ - تَبِيعَةٌ

A calf that has completed its first year of age and started its second year.

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Dedicating something for Allah's cause. - تَسبِيلٌ

Permitting the benefits of some property on a permanent basis, and dedicating its asset to a charitable purpose with the aim of drawing close to Allah.

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Scrawny cattle - عَجْفاءُ

Sheep and cattle that doesn’t have marrow in its bones.

Translated into: English French Urdu Russian

Undervaluing - بَخْسٌ

Unfair price-cutting in sale or purchase.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Sheep/Goat - شاةٌ

A single sheep or goat.

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Minted/Coined - مَسْكُوكٌ

Coins (metal currency) which carry a stamp produced by the government authority.

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Expropriation/Confiscation - مُصادَرَةٌ

The procedure wherein the ruler confiscates a specific property from its owner by force and turns it into state property without compensation to the owner.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Misappropriation - إغلال

Misappropriation of trust.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Treasure - كَـنْزٌ

Buried riches.

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Providing accommodation - تَبْوِئَةٌ

The decision of the owner of a slave-woman to let her reside with her husband and not use her services.

Translated into: English French Spanish Russian

Wearing a ring - تخَتُّمٌ

To wear a ring on one's finger.

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Taking sufficient sustenance - اقْتِياتٌ

Taking a sufficient amount of food to give the body strength and protection from illness, without which the body will decay.

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Acquisition - اكْتِسابٌ

Seeking sustenance/livelihood by lawful means.

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Year - سَنَةٌ

A duration of time equivalent to twelve lunar months.

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Extinction - انْقِراضٌ

Death of the beneficiaries of an endowment.

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Incurring debt/Borrowing - اسْتِدانَةٌ

Requesting to take a sum of money to be returned in the future.

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Taking the tenth - تَعْشِيرٌ

Obligating non-Muslims to pay one-tenth of their trade money if they move it from one Muslim country to another.

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Minting die - سِكَّةٌ

An engraved metal die used to mint coins.

Translated into: English French Spanish Bosnian Russian

Wheat - بُرٌّ

Wheat grains.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Receiving by weight - اتِّزانٌ

Taking something after weighing it to know its measure.

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Unfair treatment - إِجْحافٌ

Harm done by a master against his slave by diminishing his right or charging him with something beyond his capacity.

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Wearing a necklace or belt around the neck - تَقَلُّدٌ

Placing a necklace or belt around the neck.

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Dates - تَمْرٌ

Fruits of the date palm tree.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Harvesting - حَصَادٌ

Harvesting crops.

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Being part of a whole - بَعْضِيَّةٌ

The established relationship of the descendants to their parents and grandparents by reproduction, such as the sons to the fathers and the like.

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Quadruped - بَهِيمَةٌ

Every quadruped, whether it lives on land or in water.

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Unrecoverable property - ضِمارٌ

Missing money whose return to its owner is not hoped for.

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A bar (of gold or silver) - سَبِيكَةٌ

A molten piece of gold or silver molded into a certain shape.

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Dependency - تَبَعِيَّةٌ

The fetus being connected to the mother in the rulings of slaughtering because the fetus is part of the mother.

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"Ritl" (unit of weight) - رِطْلٌ

A unit for measuring weight.

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Ounce - أُوقِيَّةٌ

A legal weight measurement that varies based on the weighable goods as well as countries.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Expertise - خِبْرَةٌ

Having detailed knowledge of something.

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Qafeez (unit of measurement) - قَفِيزٌ

A name of an Islamic unit of measurement equivalent to 12 Sā‘s, and in modern units is equal to 33 liters or 26 kilograms.

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Passing by - مُرُورٌ

Passing by a place without stopping.

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Kneeling places of camels - مَبارِكُ الإِبِلِ

The places where camels are used to residing and resting, whether perpetually or only temporarily for the purpose of drinking water and the like.

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Unit of weight - مِثْقالٌ

A unit of measuring weight equal to 72 medium-sized grains of barley, equivalent to 4.24 grams.

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Emeralds - زُمُرُّدٌ

A gemstone that is dark green and very hard.

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Honey - عَسَلٌ

The sweet liquid that the bee produces from its abdomen.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Bosnian Russian

Agate - عَقِيقٌ

A precious stone of different colors used for the purpose of adornment.

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Mineral - مَعْدَن

What is taken out of the earth with effort and refinement, like gold.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Cattle - ماشِيَةٌ

Camels, cows, and sheep.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Goat - ماعِزٌ

An ovine mammal covered with hair

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Division - قِسْمَةٌ

Identifying and sorting out shares using certain measurements.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Russian

Raw gold and silver - تِبْرٌ

Gold and silver extracted from earth before they are minted into coins (dinars and dirhams).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Money - فُلُوسٌ

Any metal which people use to pay for goods, except gold and silver.

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Monetary value - مالِيَّةٌ

The description given to an item to denote that it has monetary value and can be utilized in a lawful manner approved by the Shariah.

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Zakah collector - مُصَدِّقٌ

The employee appointed by the ruler or his deputy to collect due Zakah (obligatory charities) from people.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Practicing a profession - احتراف

Practicing a certain type of work permanently to earn a living.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Mixing - اِخْتِلاطٌ

The intermingling of parts of things and their gathering in one place.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Russian

Giving Zakah - إِخْراجٌ

Giving out obligatory charity to the poor by letting him own it.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Shares - أَشقاصٌ

The share in a joint property of everything, be it little or much.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Conferring - إعطاء

To give something to someone by way of transferring its ownership to the recipient.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Hornless cattle - جَلْحاءُ

Cattle with no horns since birth.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Branch - فَرْعٌ

A person's children and grandchildren, down to all levels.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Seeking alms - اسْتِعْطاءٌ

Asking the Imam (Muslim ruler) for alms, whether it consists of money or anything else.

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Shaping - صِياغَةٌ

Making jewelry from gold and silver for the purpose of beautification and adornment.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Craft/Profession - صِناعَةٌ

Any manual or tool-aided craft that a person practices to manufacture things until he becomes skilled at it and it becomes his profession.

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Lost/Missing - ضائِعٌ

That which is missing other than animals, like people and properties.

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Working cattle - عَوامِل

Cattle used for work, like plowing and the like.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian