"Rishwah": allowance, gift, any means that helps one reach something. It came to be used to refer specifically to means leading to forbidden things.
"Miskīn": someone who does not own anything. It was said to mean someone who does not have enough money. It is derived from "sakūn", which means: tranquility and immobility. Other meanings: a person who is humiliated, submissive, and weak.
"Dhull": weakness, disgrace. Opposite: honor, strength. Original meaning: softness, easiness. Other meanings: submission, humility.
"Faqīr": a person who has a little money. It is derived from "faqr", which means lack of money. Other meanings: one who owns nothing.
The authority that possesses the public funds of the Muslims.
Blood relationship that connects man with others.
In the context of inheritance, "ulu al-arhām" means distant blood relatives; i.e. every male or female relative who does not inherit a share from the estate of the deceased, neither an allotted share ("fard") nor a remaining share after the distribution of the allotted shares ("ta‘seeb").
A man's dependents.
Seeking sustenance/livelihood by lawful means.
Death of the beneficiaries of an endowment.
Harm done by a master against his slave by diminishing his right or charging him with something beyond his capacity.
A name of an Islamic unit of measurement equivalent to 12 Sā‘s, and in modern units is equal to 33 liters or 26 kilograms.
Passing by a place without stopping.
Identifying and sorting out shares using certain measurements.
Practicing a certain type of work permanently to earn a living.
To give something to someone by way of transferring its ownership to the recipient.
A person's children and grandchildren, down to all levels.
Asking the Imam (Muslim ruler) for alms, whether it consists of money or anything else.
Any manual or tool-aided craft that a person practices to manufacture things until he becomes skilled at it and it becomes his profession.
That which is missing other than animals, like people and properties.