Reaching the state of perfection.
A contract between a male and a female that permits them to enjoy each other legitimately.
Interpreting speech and rendering it from one language to another.
The ninth month of the Hijri calendar.
The place where a dead person is buried in the ground.
Placing the deceased person in his grave and covering him with dust.
To defend those you care about whether they are right or wrong, in support of your tribe, group, color, or the like.
When a person hurts his parents or one of them in a way that people do not traditionally regard as insignificant.
To report about something in a way contrary to its reality, whether deliberately or mistakenly.
Musical instruments like the flute and so on.
Spilling the blood of an animal in a certain manner.
"Kusūf": eclipse. It is derived from "kasafa". Original meaning of "kasf": change into something unpleasant.
"Qatl": killing, causing to die, taking the life of someone.
"A‘rāb": Bedouins, desert dwellers from the Arabs or non-Arabs. It is derived from "ta‘arrub", which means: living in the desert with Bedouins.
"Ifk": lying. It is derived from "afk", which means changing and diverting the truth. Other meanings: sin, false testimony, slander, falsehood.
"Safa" (sing. safāh): the wide, hard, flat stone which nothing grows on. It is derived from "safā’", which means purity.
"Waswasah": covert voice and speech. Other meanings: vain self-talk, evils, and bad thoughts.
"Siwāk": small twig used for brushing one’s teeth. It is derived from "sawk", which means inclining, moving. Other meanings: brushing, rubbing.
"Sihāq": sexual enjoyment between a woman and another woman. It is derived from "sahq", which means: remoteness, crushing (as lesbians press their sexual organs against each other).
"Dayn": debt. It is derived from "dāna". Original meaning: submission, humiliation. It also means: delay. "Dayn" was called as such because of the humiliation it involves, or because its settlement is delayed to a future date.
"Amwāl" (sing. māl): everything that can be possessed by humans.
"An‘ām" (sing. na‘am): cattle; camels, cows, sheep. It is derived from "tana‘‘um", which means: prosperity, enjoyment, affluence.
"Safar": crossing a distance. Original meaning: appearing, getting revealed.
"Itqān": doing something and learning it precisely, perfectly, correctly, and accurately.
"Ihtijām": extracting blood from the body. It is derived from "hajm", which means sucking. Other meanings: seeking "hijāmah" (wet cupping).
"Sūrah": appearance, shape. Other meanings: description, copy of an original.
"Hasad": dislike that Allah Almighty should bestow favors upon others or wishing that the favors enjoyed by others should go away.
"Hadānah": protecting something and maintaining it. Original meaning: taking something into one’s "hidn", i.e. under the arm. "Hādinah": female protector.
"Heqd": retaining animosity within the heart. Original meaning: retaining, withholding. Other meanings: dislike, hatred.
"Rishwah": allowance, gift, any means that helps one reach something. It came to be used to refer specifically to means leading to forbidden things.
"Radā‘": sucking the breast, or drinking milk from the breast.
"Tabarru‘": voluntary donation of something. Original meaning: winning, surpassing.
"Tafā’ul": deriving hope and joy from good speech. Opposite: pessimism.
"Tayammun": starting actions with the right hand, the right leg, and the right side in general. It is also used to mean: asking Allah for "yumn" (blessings and prosperity).
"Rahim": womb, kinship, relationship.
"Madhy": a thin whitish liquid released from the penis upon sexual arousal, foreplay, kissing, or imagining sexual acts.
"Khitān": to cut the skin over the head of the penis; and regarding the woman, it is removing some of the upper skin from the vagina.
"Ghishsh": showing something and concealing the opposite. Opposite: sincerity. It is derived from "ghashash", which means: muddied, unclear water.
"Al-Qassah": white fluid that comes out at the end of the menses after the flow of blood stops.
"Qiwāmah": guardianship, being in charge of preserving wealth, and the like. It is derived from "qiwām", which means basis and pillar of something, and from "qiyām", which means standing erect. Other meanings: rectification, responsibility, care.
"Manyy": semen; the water of the man or woman from which the fetus is formed. It is derived from "many", which means: spilling, pouring, determining. So, the man’s water is called "manyy" because it is poured forth (ejaculated), or because the fetus is determined and created from it.
"Nuqūd" (sing. naqd): the currency, of gold and the like, exchanged between people. It is derived from "naqd", which means: distinguishing, revealing, hastening.
"Namīmah": reporting speech maliciously. It is derived from "namm", which means: unveiling or showing something. Other meanings: embellishing speech with lies, whispering, movement, provoking enmity, tempting, wasting.
"Niyāhah": crying in a loud voice, yelling, shrieking. It is derived from "tanāwuh", which means: meeting. The crying of women during the pre-Islamic period of ignorance was called "niyāhah" because they used to meet one another and weep over the deceased.
"Maysir": gamble, gambling game. It is derived from "yusr", which means ease, as it involves taking money with ease.
"Nā’ihah": It is derived from "nawh", which means: crying loudly, wailing. It is originally derived from "tanāwuh", which is meeting, and hence the weeping of women was called "niyāhah", for they would get together and engage in crying and wailing.
"Tazwīj": marrying off. Original meaning: pairing two things together. Opposite: "ifrād" (isolating). Other meanings: gathering, joining.
"Tamlīk": transferring the ownership of something to someone else. Other meanings: to give in marriage.
"Ma‘ābid" (sing: ma‘bad): place of worship and obedience and whatever brings one close to Allah. Original meaning of "‘ibādah" (worship): displaying humility, docility, submission, compliance.
"Maqbarah" (graveyard): It is derived from "qabr", which means: grave, the hole in the ground wherein the deceased person is placed. Any place where the body of a deceased person is kept hidden is called "qabr", even the sea. "Qabr" also means the act of burying the deceased in the earth. Original meaning of "qabr": obscurity, invisibility. It was called thus because it conceals the body of the deceased person.
"Niqāb": a veil the woman puts on his face. It originally refers to an opening in something.
"Zūr": lying, falsehood. Original meaning: inclining, swerving, something adorned. Other meanings: accusation, strength, polytheism, singing, diversion.
"Baghy": oppression, transgression. Original meaning: corruption.
"Al-‘Arabiyyah": the language that Arabs speak. It is derived from "ta‘rīb", which means: clarification, declaration.
"‘Ird": honor, esteem. It is said to be anything for which a person is praised or dispraised.
"‘Urf": a term that collectively refers to all the things that a given society knows and recognizes as good. Original meaning: what is "ma‘rūf", i.e. known and recognized, of good and benevolent deeds. Other meanings: what is common and known among people.
"‘Azl": removal, keeping away, discharging men’s semen outside women’s vulva during copulation to avoid conception.
"Qitāl": fighting, combating. It is derived from "qatl", which means killing.
"Qulfah": the skin that covers the glans. Original meaning: to cut something from its root.
"Ghayrah": ardent enthusiasm and anger about something. It is derived from "taghayyur", which means: transformation.
"Tijārah": trade, buying and selling. It is derived from "tājir", which means: trader.
Aqārib": one’s family, relatives, and kindred.
"Miskīn": someone who does not own anything. It was said to mean someone who does not have enough money. It is derived from "sakūn", which means: tranquility and immobility. Other meanings: a person who is humiliated, submissive, and weak.
"Musāharah": relationship by marriage. "Ashār" are the relatives of a woman’s husband and a man’s wife. It is derived from "sahr", which means: closeness.
"Lahd": a crevice made in the side of a grave. It is derived from "ilhād", which originally means: tilting and swerving from something.
"Tanattu‘": going deep into something and exaggerating and bragging about it. It is derived from "nati‘", which is the palate (the top part of the inside of the mouth). Then it came to be used for all types of exaggeration in words and actions.
"Hinth": major sin, wrongdoing. Opposite: fulfillment of oath. Other meanings: breaking an oath.
"Ihtidār": being on the verge of death and showing its signs.
The ascension of ‘Isā (Jesus), peace be upon him, with his soul and body to the second heaven, as per the command of Allah, the Exalted, out of showing mercy to him and honoring him.
"I‘rād": aversion, turning away, rejection. Opposite: proceeding toward something, obedience. It is derived from "‘ard", which means: appearance and prominence, or width. Other meanings: leaving out the work, going away, refusal, neglecting.
"‘Itrah": a man’s children and offspring, also his clan and relatives, the close and the distant thereof. It is derived from "‘atr", which means: branching out or intensifying. "‘Itr": origin, ancestry. Relatives are called "‘itrah" because their lineages are branched out or because one cares for them intensely.
"Idtirār": bad need, necessity. It is originally derived from "darar", which means: hardship, restriction.
"Lahn": error, departure from what is correct. Original meaning: tilting something from its right position. Other meanings: voice, improvement of speech, singing.
"Khullah": friendship, love. It is derived from "khalal" - which means: a gap between two things - and "takhallul", which means: something entering in the middle of another.
"Tayammun": pursuit of "yumn", which means: blessing and abundance. It also means: starting with the right hand or the right side.
“Surūr”: joy, happiness. Opposite: grief. It is derived from "isrār", which means: concealment. Other meanings: cheerfulness, rejoicing.
"Samāhah": generosity, giving. Original meaning: leniency, gentleness, compliance. Other meanings: tolerance, pardon.
"‘Ajalah": speed, quickness. Opposite: delay, postponement, respite. It is derived from "i‘jāl", which means: hastening.
"Ghadr": breaking a covenant. Opposite: loyalty. Original meaning: abandonment, departure. Other meanings: offense, deceit, betrayal, cessation.
"‘Unf": violence, harshness. Opposite: gentleness, ease. It is derived from "i‘tināf", which means: dislike, hardship.
"‘Atf": kindness, compassion, tenderness. Original meaning: leaning, reclining.
"Azm": determination to do something. Original meaning: cutting. Other meanings: patience, strength, emphasis, earnestness, duty.
"Ghilzhah": harshness, callousness. Opposite: tender character, disposition, attitude, etc.
"Dhull": weakness, disgrace. Opposite: honor, strength. Original meaning: softness, easiness. Other meanings: submission, humility.
"Karam": generosity, honor, abundance. Opposite: stinginess, maliciousness.
"Marīd": sick, ill. Opposite: sound. Original meaning: decay, departure from moderateness. Other meanings: decrease, weakness.
"Nasīhah": guiding to what is good and useful. It is derived from "nus’h", which means: sincerity, purity. Opposite: envy, cheating. Other meanings: truthfulness in speech.
"Yatīm": a child with no father. It is derived from "yutm", which originally means: singleness
"Bughd": dislike, hatred. Opposite: love. Original meaning: shunning, loathing. It is derived from "tabāghud", which means: mutual hatred. Other meanings: enmity, antagonism, dispute, displeasure.
"Īthār": altruism, selflessness. Opposite: selfishness. Original meaning: giving precedence to something.
"Tā‘ūn": plague, a widespread disease that harms people’s mental and physical health. It is also used to refer to death.
"Ta‘rīf": informing, clarifying. Opposite: keeping unknown. It is derived from "ma‘rifah", which means knowledge, discernment. It originally came from "‘urf", which means stillness, tranquility. Other meanings: distinguishing, determining.
"Istitā‘ah": the ability to do something. Opposite: inability. It is derived from "taw‘", which means: submission, responding. Other meanings: endurance, likelihood, capability, power.
Animals which instinctively attack people and harm them.
Any bad words intended to degrade and insult someone.
The language spoken by the Persians.
Using antimony (eyeliner) in the eyelids for beautification or remedy.
The age period of humans from the time of the birth until reaching the age of puberty.
The surface of the earth regardless of whether it is covered with dust or something else.
A designated area used for answering the call of nature.
One's desire to have sexual intercourse.
A relationship between two persons through a close or distant birth.
The woman who is owned by her master.
The wounds in a person’s head or face.
Bones of the fingers and toes.
A person born with both male and female sexual organs or neither of the two.
Emergence of coarse hair around the genitals.
A person's ascription to his paternal line of relatives (his father's family lineage).
Stoppage of bloodflow.
Everything that is edible and sustains the body.
Appearance of the white streak of light which stretches across the horizon at dawn, without any doubt about it.
Punishing someone and disciplining him with every measure that is painful and difficult for him to bear.
What the seller demands in exchange for his merchandise.
A dead fetus that falls out of its mother"s womb after its human shape has become visible.
All the weapons of war and fight equipment.
The blight that damages whatever it afflicts of crops, property, and the like.
Camel or sheep that bears milk.
A she-camel that has completed its first year of age but has not yet completed its second year.
Expulsion of the fetus from the womb before it is fully grown or before completing the period of pregnancy.
A pile or heap of something without a known weight or measurement.
Sincere affection, love, and companionship between two or more friends.
Caring for the sick person by serving him and treating him according to the instructions of the physician and the craft of nursing.
A dwelling in which Christian hermits stay to isolate themselves from people and dedicate themselves to worship.
A pain in the anal canal caused by internal swelling.
An intoxicating drink made from honey.
Steam that rises from liquids when their temperatures rise.
One of the wives of a man in a polygamous marriage.
The child in its mother’s womb.
The established nobility of a person or his ancestors.
The ability to store information in your brain and to recall it at any time.
Anything that could be used as a shot, whether it is made of stone, clay, iron, or the like.
The man"s staying with his wife in a place for most of the night.
Treating diseases of cattle and animals.
The time that specifies the beginning of something and its end.
What is left of one's life.
The plant that results from sowing seeds in the soil.
Concealing someone else's defect and not revealing it to people.
What is sensed through tasting with the tongue, i.e. sweetness or bitterness.
A woman who is physically unable to bear children, or an infertile man.
The twelfth month of the Hijri calendar, after Dhul-Qa‘dah
The seventh month of the lunar calendar.
A man's lack of jealousy for his wife and his "Mahram" (permanently unmarriageable) female relatives whom he is prohibited from marrying.
Total amount of money used to purchase goods with the intention of selling them to gain profit.
The wife's daughter, down to all levels, from a previous marriage, whether she is related to the wife by birth (her biological daughter) or by breastfeeding.
The two testicles.
Praising someone by mentioning his good characteristics, whether related to his appearance or intentional conducts.
A man's dependents.
Fixed assets such as houses, palm trees, etc.
The part of the rear of the foot that touches the ground.
A condition that prevents reproduction in males and females.
It is breaking the covenant and not fulfilling one"s responsibility towards it.
"Qadā’ al-haqq": repayment of debt and delivering it to the creditor.
A certain measure that is one out of twenty-four parts.
A white volatile crystalline substance with an aromatic smell and bitter taste. It is solid and can be crushed.
The bone in the wrist joint below the thumb.
The breaching of covenants and contracts that have been concluded.
Taking someone else’s property openly, forcibly, and without giving him anything in return.
Single (spouseless) men or women, regardless of whether they were previously married or not.
Previously married woman whose husband has died or divorced her.
The stage in a human being's life in which he approaches puberty.
A wooden musical instrument in the shape of a tube with holes along its length and an opening at each end. The flute player blows into the opening to produce sounds.
Taking a female slave as a concubine by her master.
Looking at or listening to others secretly without their knowledge and consent.
A person who is missing while there is no news about him or his location, and it is unknown whether he is alive or dead.
A condition that adversely affects the body and health.
The body part between the elbow and the hand.
A man's close companions (his inner circle), whom he confides in and consults regarding his private and general affairs.
Leaning towards one side while walking because of a defect in the leg.
Consummation of marriage with a woman.
Harboring hatred and ill-will towards a person.
Playing musical instruments and singing.
Refraining from mixing with people and secluding oneself from them.
Everything that has a pleasant smell and can be used as perfume.
Injuring any part of the body of an animal if it can not be captured.
Anything that is apparent to people and nothing is hidden thereof.
The hair that grows between the lower lip and the chin.
Something contrary to what is correct without intention.
A group of people belonging to the same lineage that is traced to the same ancestor.
Knowledge of how to ride horses, direct, and control them.
Weaning the baby from its mother's breast.
Cutting a blood vessel so as to let blood come out for the purpose of medical treatment.
The way an arrogant and self-conceited person walks.
Rubbing a chewed date or the like on a baby's palate so that its sweetness runs down their throat.
The animal that feeds mostly on filth and impurities.
A high level of quality and value that something reaches because it is made with precision or the like.
The embryo inside the female's womb.
The joint connecting the forearm with the hand.
A single sheep or goat.
Standing up on the ground in an upright position.
Anything that covers the body or part of it, whether made of wool, leather or the like.
Coins (metal currency) which carry a stamp produced by the government authority.
Placenta or afterbirth; a tissue membrane that develops around the fetus inside the womb to protect it.
Any big city that has a ruler who applies the rulings of the Shariah and carries out the corporal punishments prescribed for crimes.
It is the destruction of the disbelievers in Hellfire on the Day of Judgment.
Incessant destruction that brings about pain and regret for the individual.
Seizing something swiftly in plain sight and running away with it.
What a warrior wears to protect his body from the enemy’s weapons.
A trifling harm that one suffers, whether in his soul, body, or property.
Refers to any celestial body.
The lote (buckthorn) tree whose leaves are mixed with water after being crushed to be used in cleaning and in "ruqyah" (Shariah-approved method for healing).
Requesting aid from someone else in times of dire need.
Seeking the establishment and affirmation of a right through a certain means with the purpose of preserving it.
A title in Christianity for the clergyman above the priest and below the archbishop.
A person who is unable to see during nighttime but can see during daytime.
The places where camels habitually stay.
Light and short sleep.
Misappropriation of trust.
The uncircumcised person.
Aloud sound made by a living being, such as a human being or the like.
A decorated toy made of wood or a similar material in the image of a human being for girls to play with.
Fear and weakness that keep a person dismayed and prevent him form going forward.
Denying responsibility for something and not bearing its consequences and results.
That a speaker or writer expresses his opinion clearly and explicitly without any ambiguity.
Favoring one's self or one's relative in worldly benefits over others who are entitled to that benefit or are in need of it.
Corruption that harms one"s soul or body physically or spiritually.
Use of excessive force when dealing with oneself or others.
A moral characteristic that urges the person to spend from his wealth with ease.
Gloating over the harm or damage that befalls others.
Any beautiful sound that a person enjoys listening to.
Impetuousness that causes the person to lose control over himself when something provokes him.
Exceeding the limits in arrogance and tyranny, and going to extremes in corruption and disobedience.
Desiring something and being keen on attaining it.
Frowning and showing displeasure while meeting someone.
Forgiving the sin along with eliminating ill feelings towards its doer, and refraining from blaming or criticizing him.
Having accurate and deep understanding of matters.
Disclosing the flaws of a person to make him known for them among people.
The spirit that is breathed into the body, governs it, and leaves it at death.
Being lenient and deliberate, while seeking to do something, and not being in haste.
Endearing oneself to someone else seeking his love.
Imitating and following someone by exactly doing what he does and abandoning what he abandons.
Good traits and prestigious levels of goodness.
Establishing proof to confirm something or refute it.
Any thoughts and opinions that one feels in his heart.
A woman who assists the pregnant woman at the time of delivery and takes the baby as it comes out.
"It is burning the skin with a heated instrument for therapeutic purposes
A long piece of cloth wrapped around the head in a round shape.
A woman's extended stay in her family home after reaching the age of marriage or maturity without getting married.
Fighting an external enemy by using weapons.
Toughness of the heart, harshness of behavior, and alienation from people.
Wanting something, while being keen on getting it and longing to have it.
"Qaswah" is harshness and rigidity in the heart that drives a person towards abuse and wrongdoing rather than kindness and goodness.
Laughing loudly and intensely in a way that those around him can hear it.
The soft muscular part between the skin and the bones.
The hair that grows on the skin of camels and rabbits.
It is what grows on the skin of the sheep.
Lying down on the ground on one's side.
The apparent parts of the body that are attached to the human body.
Waste matter discharged from the bowels.
Parts of the human or animal body that are distinct from other body parts.
Father and forefathers to whom one's lineage is related.
To wear a ring on one's finger.
Taking a sufficient amount of food to give the body strength and protection from illness, without which the body will decay.
Seeking sustenance/livelihood by lawful means.
The opening through which feces exit the body.
A piece of metal or stone, different in weight, put on one side of the scale to weigh things with.
A disease that affects a limb of the body, damaging them gradually, until the person dies (Gangrene).
A deep hole in the ground from which water, oil, or the like is extracted.
Hastening to end the life of the wounded.
Liquids and fluids that are drunk and not chewed, whether they are Halal (lawful to eat) or not.
Everything that the wife possesses in her marital house.
Any container that is made to use for cleaning, eating, or drinking, etc.
Falling from a high place
Turning one’s face and/or body to the right or the left.
Anything that covers one's body or part of it, whether it is made of wool, leather, or the like.
The joints on the back side of the fingers.
A slight and silent laughter.
Dysfunction of a bodily organ.
The month that comes after the month of Ramadan.
The time between sunset and the break of the true dawn.
Combing, brushing, cleaning, and beautifying the hair.
Degrading something, having contempt for it, and not preserving and honoring it.
The time interval allocated for benefiting from water in irrigation or cultivation and the like.
The visible fleshy part that surrounds the mouth.
The edge of the eyelid, on which eyelashes grow.
The flesh that surrounds the woman's vagina from both sides.
Leaning against something and relying on it.
Losing consciousness and the ability to move because of illness.
A duration of time equivalent to twelve lunar months.
A bird of prey from the falcon species, characterized by its long wings.
The register wherein the judge records judicial verdicts and relevant information.
A container for food and drink
Throwing dates or raisins and the like in water to make it sweet and remove its salinity.
The state of elation a person experiences when drinking alcohol.
Erection of a man's penis and its arousal due to sexual desire.
Exiting of the fetus from the mother's belly and disconnecting from it before completing its due time.
Debris of a destroyed building.
A rotten, foul odor in the mouth.
A leafy green plant with a thick trunk and fragrant foliage used in the graves and other buildings.
Repairing what has fallen into disrepair.
Medicines or other means used for treating poison.
Modifying something and making it appear contrary to its reality.
Someone who mispronounces a letter by altering its sound into another due to a defect in his tongue.
Cutting grass and collecting it for the purpose of owning it.
Use of flaming fire to bring about an effect on an item.
Physical desire and need for women.
It is when a rider allows someone else to ride behind him on his mount.
Water that is flowing in a level or a sloping place.
Turning a free human being into an owned slave.
Looking at something with the intention of selecting it.
Using a lamp for illumination.
Having sexual intercourse with a woman, whether she is a wife or a slave woman.
Mutual enjoyment between the spouses through sexual intercourse, foreplay, kissing, etc.
Asking permission from the members of a household to enter their house.
Surrendering oneself to the enemy to be taken captive.
Helping another person, such as a sick person for instance, by enabling him to lean on something for support.
The known body organ that extends from the hand or foot.
Prevalence of doubt and its frequent influence on a person while performing acts of worship.
An engraved metal die used to mint coins.
A head injury that reaches the periosteum, which is the thin membrane that surrounds the skull, between the bone and the flesh.
The bone (tooth) growing inside the human mouth.
A container used for drinking and similar purposes.
Infinite time into the future.
Burnt bricks that are used in building.
Essential parts of the body.
An evergreen, fragrant tree, with oval leaves and white or pink blooms, having aromatic scented fragrance.
An elevated piece of land that rises over what surrounds it, such as the hillock and the knoll.
A tool that is used to do work, such as a knife for slaughtering, a sword for fighting and exacting retribution, etc.
The present time at which you are in, which separates the past from the future.
Hours and time periods.
Refusing, abstaining from, and not accepting something.
Pollinating palm trees.
Outsiders who are not relatives.
The fleeing of a slave from his master to a different land in an intentional and rebellious manner.
The time at which something appears and is set to take place.
Diligence in seeking to reach something.
Letting something pass to the stomach through the throat without chewing.
A person whose skin was affected by a disease that makes it white and destroys its blood supply and the flesh underneath it.
Silk that is disentangled before the worm leaves the cocoon.
A container with a handle and a spout from which liquids are poured.
A person whose chest extends forward and whose belly and back curve inwards.
The one who cannot utter meaningful words, whether congenitally or due to a reason.
Despair of attaining any good.
Conveying that which contains clarification and explanation.
A male offspring born through lineage/blood relationship.
Obscurity and lack of clarity.
Artery that originates from the heart; if it is cut, one dies.
A female donkey
A fruit from a citrus tree similar to a large lemon, golden in color and has a pleasant fragrance.
Taking something after weighing it to know its measure.
Accepting a gift and receiving it.
A structure built of stones wherein fire is kindled.
Copulation between a man and his wife.
A tree with dense branches, a tall trunk, small leaves, and inedible fruits.
A black reddish stone that is crushed to powder and used as kohl (eyeliner).
A person of dignified status who is favored over others.
Perfect honor and deep-rooted esteem.
Bitter and extremely salty water that cannot be used for drinking, watering plants, or any other use.
The one who cannot see in sunlight.
The sound someone makes while coughing.
Increase in the heat of menstrual blood.
A person's cautiousness of letting impurities come in contact with his body, clothing, or the place where he prays.