Jews - يهود

Anyone who was born to a Jewish mother or adopted the Jewish religion, practiced its rituals, and believed in it.

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Perfect - كمالية

Reaching the state of perfection.

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Allah - اللهُ

The name of the Divine Essence that encompasses all the attributes of perfection, majesty, and beauty and Who is the only deity worthy of worship, apart from any other entity.

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The Protector - حفيظ

The One who protects and maintains what He has created, and the One whose knowledge encompasses what He has originated and decreed.

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Invoking blessings upon the Prophet - الصَّلاةُ على النَّبِيِّ صلّى اللهُ عليه وسلّم

Allah’s praise of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) before the higher assembly of close angels.

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Mothers of the Believers - أُمَّهاتُ المُؤْمِنِينَ

Wives of Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) with whom he consummated the marriage.

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Polytheism - شِرْكٌ

Setting up equals to Allah Almighty from among the created beings in matters that are exclusive to Him.

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Grave - قَبْرٌ

The place where a dead person is buried in the ground.

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Devil - شَيْطانٌ

Name of the disbelieving jinn who is created from fire.

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Declaring someone a disbeliever - تَكْفِيرٌ

Judging a Muslim to be an apostate.

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Jinn - جِنٌّ

Invisible sane creatures accountable for religious obligations, originally created from fire. They have the ability to appear in different forms.

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Intention - نِيَّـةٌ

The determination of the heart to do something seeking to get close to Allah Almighty.

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Belief - اعْتِقاد

Everything that a person believes in with absolute certainty, his heart agrees with, and he adopts as a doctrine.

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Tribalism/Fanaticism - عَصَبِيَّةٌ

To defend those you care about whether they are right or wrong, in support of your tribe, group, color, or the like.

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Belief in the prophets and messengers - الإيمان بالأنبِياء والرُّسل

The firm belief that Allah Almighty sent a messenger to every nation to call them to worshiping Allah alone and denying all that is worshiped besides Him, and to give them glad tidings about His reward and warn them of His punishment; and the belief that all of them are truthful messengers.

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Praising Allah - تَحْمِيدٌ

Saying: "Rabbana wa lak al-hamd" (Our Lord, and all praise is due to You) upon standing upright after rising from "rukū‘" (bowing) in prayer.

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Disbelief - كُفْرٌ

It is the opposite of Islam or a statement, act, belief, doubt, or neglect of an obligation which takes one out of the fold of Islam.

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Protection - عِصْمَةٌ

Protection of man’s life, property, and honor.

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Resurrection - بعث

Allah resurrecting the dead on the Day of Judgment and driving them out of their graves to the place of standing for reckoning and recompense.

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Bowing - ركوع

Worshiping Allah Almighty by bowing the head and back in a certain manner in prayer.

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Messengers with firm resolve - أولو العزم من الرسل

The Messengers with strength, patience, merit, wisdom, steadfastness, and diligence to whom Allah Almighty sent His revelation and commanded to convey His religion. They are Nūh (Noah), Ibrāhim (Abraham), Mūsa (Moses), ‘Īsa (Jesus), and Muhammad (peace be upon all of them).

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Belief in the Books - الإيمان بالكتب

Belief and affirmation of what Allah mentioned about His books in the Qur’an and Sunnah, in general as well as in detail; and acting upon the book revealed to us, i.e. the Qur’an.

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Belief in Allah - إيمان بالله

Firm belief in the existence of Allah Almighty and in the fact that He is the Lord, the Creator, the Owner, the Planner, and the only One worthy of worship; to Him belongs the beautiful names and the exalted attributes, and He is the One God and has no partner in all of the above mentioned things.

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Belief in the angels - الإيمان بالملائكة

Belief in and affirmation of the attributes, actions, and names of the noble angels as reported in the Qur’an and Sunnah, generally and specifically.

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Belief in the Last Day - إيمان باليوم الآخر

Firm belief in everything that Allah Almighty informed about in His Book, and what the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) informed about in his Sunnah with regard to what happens after death.

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Belief in Predestination - الإيمان بالقدر

Firm belief that everything that occurs in the universe goes in accordance with Allah’s decree and His knowledge and will.

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The Barrier (the period between death and Resurrection) - برزخ

A place and an interval where people are held after death and until resurrection.

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Sanctification - تقديس

Glorifying Allah Almighty by ascribing the attributes of perfection and beauty to Him and exalting Him above all deficiencies and faults.

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Fear of Allah/Piety - تقوى

Placing a barrier between oneself and Allah’s anger and punishment by fulfilling His commands and avoiding His prohibitions.

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Monotheism - توحيد

Singling Allah out in everything exclusive to Him: His Lordship, His divinity (worship), and His names and attributes; and dissociating oneself from polytheism and its people.

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Tawhīd (Oneness of worship/divinity} - توحيد الألوهية

Singling out Allah Almighty with all forms of worship, the apparent and hidden, in terms of statements, deeds, and beliefs; while negating the right of worship from any entity whatsoever other than Him.

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Tawhīd (Oneness) of Lordship - توحيد الربوبية

Firm belief and full acknowledgment that Allah Almighty is the Creator of everything and the Sovereign over everything, and the management and regulation of all affairs are referred to Him.

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The Torah - توراة

The Book that Allah Almighty sent down to Mūsa (Moses) (peace be upon him) as a light and guidance to the Children of Israel, before it was distorted by the Jews and abrogated by the Noble Qur’an.

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Paradise - الجنة

The abode of magnificent recompense and abundant reward that Allah Almighty prepared for His close and pious servants on the Day of Judgment.

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Misguidance - ضلال

Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.

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Increase and decrease of faith - زيادة الإيمان ونقصانه

The increase of a believer’s faith due to performing acts of obedience and goodness, and its decrease on account of committing sins and prohibitions.

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The Sunnah - سنة

The guidance followed by the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and his noble Companions in terms of religious affairs, which include statements, actions, and beliefs.

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The two testimonies of faith - الشَهادَتانِ

Saying: "Ash-hadu alla ilāha illallāh wa ash-hadu ann Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasūluh" (I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).

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The Rightly-Guided Caliphs - الخُلفاءُ الرّاشِدُونَ

The first four Caliphs, who successively ruled Muslims after the Prophet’s death. They are Abu Bakr as-Siddīq, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb, ‘Uthmān ibn ‘Affān, and ‘Ali ibn Abi Tālib (may Allah be pleased with them).

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Allah’s signs/miracles - آيات الله

Anything that points to and guides to Allah Almighty.

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Islamic law - الشريعة

The clear course in the religion that includes the beliefs, rulings, and ethics.

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The Bible - إنجيل

The Book of Allah Almighty which He revealed to ‘Īsa (Jesus) (peace be upon him). It contained guidance, light, and admonition and it confirmed the Torah, which preceded it. The Injīl was distorted by the Christians after ‘Īsa (peace be upon him) had been raised, and it was abrogated by the Noble Qur’an.

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Magic/Sorcery - سحر

Amulets, knots, and talismans that magicians use with the devils to cause harm to someone in his body, mind, will, or the like.

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Allies/Friends of Allah - أولياء

The pious believers who are constantly mindful of Allah Almighty in all of their affairs. Hence, they obey His commands and avoid His prohibitions out of fear of His punishment and wrath, and in pursuit of His pleasure and Paradise.

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Minor polytheism - شرك أصغر

Everything that the Shariah has forbidden which leads to polytheism, and has been called "Shirk" (polytheism) in the texts, and it does not reach the degree of major polytheism.

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Companion - صحابي

Whoever met the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) while believing in him and died as a Muslim.

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The Bridge - الصِراطٌ

The bridge set over Hellfire for people to pass across to Paradise, each according to his deeds; as the pious will cross it, while the evildoers will stumble.

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The Basin - حَوْضٍ

The assembly of water that flows from the Kawthar River in the land of Resurrection, prepared for the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) on the Day of Judgment so that his Ummah will converge on it.

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Obedience - طاعَةٌ

To do what is commanded and abstain from what is forbidden out of compliance whether in terms of statements, actions, or beliefs.

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Worship - عبادة

A comprehensive name for all that is dear and pleasing to Allah Almighty of words and deeds, the hidden and apparent thereof.

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Extremism/Immoderation - غُلُـوٌّ

Exceeding the Shariah-permitted limit in beliefs or actions.

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Natural disposition - فطرة

Islam and monotheism.

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Immigration - هِجْرَةٌ

Moving from a non-believing and non-Muslim country to a Muslim one for the sake of preserving one’s religion.

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Religious Innovation - اِبْتِداعٌ

Introducing a new way in the religion for the purpose of exaggerating in worshiping Allah Almighty.

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Glorification of Allah - تَسْبِيحٌ

Exalting Allah above all aspects of imperfection, and affirming all aspects of perfection for Him.

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Following personal desires - اتباع الهوى

Acting upon something other than the truth, whether in terms of speech, deeds, or beliefs.

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Islam - الإسلام

Surrendering to Allah through monotheism, submitting to Him through obedience, and disowning polytheism and polytheists.

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Followers of the Sunnah and the Community - أهل السنة والجماعة

Followers of the Prophet’s Sunnah in beliefs and actions and adherents to the Muslim community.

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Faith - الإيمان

Firm belief that entails acceptance and compliance. It is speech by the tongue, belief within the heart, and actions by the body parts. It increases by obedience and decreases by disobedience.

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Religious innovation - بدعة

Everything newly introduced in the religion, beliefs and acts of worship, without any proof from Shariah.

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Ostentation/Show off - رياء

Performing an act of worship for something other than the sake of Allah Almighty, such as doing it in order to be seen and praised by people.

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Polytheism in love - الشِّرْكُ في المَحَبَّةِ

Devoting love, which entails glorification, submission, and obedience to other than Allah Almighty.

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Polytheism in obedience - الشِّرْكُ في الطَّاعَةِ

Obeying other than Allah Almighty in changing the rulings of Shariah and turning the lawful into unlawful and vice versa.

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The straight path - الصراط المستقيم

The path which Allah Almighty established for His servants through His Messenger and made a means that leads to Him by observing His commands, shunning His prohibitions, and believing in whatever He reveals.

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The Qur’an - القرآن

The speech of Allah Almighty which He revealed to His Messenger Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and His servants worship Him by reciting it. It is written in Mus-hafs and has reached us through successive transmission.

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Major sins - كَبائِرٌ

Any sin that entails a prescribed punishment in this life or a threat of punishment in the Hereafter or leads to curse, wrath, or negation of faith.

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Sunnah/Prophetic way of life - سُّنَّةُ

What is reported to us from the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) including his statements, deeds, affirmations, traits, or behavior, before or after the Prophetic mission.

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Disobedient person - فاسِقٌ

A Muslim who has committed a major sin or is persistent upon committing minor sins, and hasn"t repented from them.

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Duress/Compulsion - إِكْراهٌ

Forcing someone to do or say something against his will by using threat and compulsion.

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Reviving the Sunnah - إحْياءُ السُّنَّةِ

It is to publicly practice and call to a ritual from the rituals of Islam after it has been neglected or abandoned.

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Apostasy - رِدَّةٌ

Leaving the religion of Islam for disbelief.

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Faith healing - رُقْيَةٌ

Seeking refuge by reciting the Qur’anic verses and supplications to preserve one's health or cure illness.

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Divination - عِرافَةٌ

Claiming to know the unseen and the future.

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Qur’anic verse - آيَةٌ

A group of words from the Noble Qur’an, connected to one another, having a beginning and an end.

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Humble submissiveness - خُشُوعٌ - يحذف

The state of having an attentive tranquil heart and composed limbs in prayer.

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Watchfulness/God-consciousness - مُراقَبَةٌ

A state in which a slave is constantly aware that his Lord is watching him in all circumstances while fearing His punishment.

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Soothsayer - كاهِنٌ

Someone who claims having knowledge of the unseen and foretells the future affairs through the Jinn and Devils.

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Idolater - وَثَنِيٌّ

Anyone who worships a created being and possesses no divine book.

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Constant companion - قَرِينٌ

The devil who constantly accompanies an individual person and enjoins evil and exhorts them to do it.

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Distortion - تَحْرِيفٌ

To alter words by mispronuncing; changing a letter or a word with another; or by adding or deleting to a text (changing the meaning).

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Oath - قَسَمٌ

Emphasizing or confirming a matter by swearing by a sacred being preceded by one of the following three Arabic letters: "bā’", "waw", "tā’" (as in saying: "billāhi", "wallāhi", "tallāhi"; all mean: by Allah).

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Disavowal/Disassociation from polytheism - براءة من الشرك

To distance oneself from something while having feelings of hatred and enmity towards it.

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Statues - تماثيل

Something made to resemble one of the animate creatures of Allah the Almighty.

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Hell - جَهَنَّمُ

A name of the fire with which Allah the Exalted torments those who deserve punishment.

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Violation of an oath - حنث

Violating one's oath by doing what one swore not to do or by leaving what one swore to do.

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People of the shelter - أصحاب الصفة

A group of poor Companions who lived in a shaded place in the rear of the Prophet’s Mosque.

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Miraculousness of the noble Qur'an - إعجاز القرآن الكريم

Manifesting the truthfulness of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, with regards to his Message by manifesting the failure of the Arabs and any others to produce the like of the Qur'an.

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Family/Household of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him. - أَهْلُ البَيْتِ

The wives of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, his offspring, the Banu Hashim, the Banu Al-Muttalib, and their freed slaves.

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People of the Truth - أهل الحق

All those who adhere to the Qur'an, the Sunnah, and the actions of the Companions, in words, deeds, and beliefs, while avoiding religious innovations and their advocates.

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Certitude - يقين

Perfect knowledge of Tawhīd (Islamic monotheism), without having any doubt, distrust, and hesitation.

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Belief in the Hawd - الإيمان بالحوض

Firm belief that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, has a Basin (Hawd) of a specific description, which was given to him by Allah, and that his Ummah will come to drink from it.

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Belief in the Scale - الإيمان بالميزان

Firm belief in what has been mentioned in the Qur'an and Sunnah about the existence of the Scale, which has specific characteristics, by which deeds, books, and people will be weighed on the Day of Judgment.

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Sincerity - إخلاص

Saying or doing things only and exclusively for the sake of Allah; it is the opposite of "riyā’" (showing off).

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The Last Day - اليوم الآخر

The Day of Judgment when people are resurrected for reckoning and retribution.

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Negation - تعطيل

Negating the Names and Attributes that are due to Allah Almighty, or denying some thereof.

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Attachment to other than Allah - تعلق بغير الله

Inclination of the heart towards something other than Allah in bringing about benefit or warding off harm.

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Charm - تعويذة

Anything recited or hung upon someone or something with the intention of warding off harm or removing it.

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Describing manner and nature - تكييف

Demonstrating the manner and condition of the authentic attributes of Allah, the Almighty, or inquiring about their essence.

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Amulets - تميمة

Everything that is hung around the neck, whether it is a paper, bead, pendant, or the like, to bring some type of benefit or ward off some type of harm.

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Astrology - تَنْجِيمٌ

Using celestial movements as evidence on the terrestrial accidents.

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Exaltation - تَنْزِيهٌ

Exalting Allah the Almighty above all deficiencies and freeing Him from all imperfections, while confirming that none resembles Him in the attributes of perfection.

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Idols - أصنام

An image or a corporeal form that is worshiped as a deity instead of Allah, the Most High.

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Going to extremes - تنطع

Affectation and going to extremes in religious affairs in words and actions contrary to the Islamic teachings

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Successive chain of narration - مُتَوَاتِرٌ

The narration transmitted by a group of narrators from another group whereby it is impossible that they all colluded to fabricate it, due to its large number, from the beginning of the chain of narration to its end.

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Modesty/Humility - تواضع

Full obedience and submission to Allah out of love and glorification to Him and complete modesty with people out of mercy and kindness to them.

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Destructive sins - موبقات

The grave, major sins that doom their perpetrator to ruin in the worldly life and the Hereafter.

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Bearers of the Throne - حملة العرش

The angels who are entrusted with carrying the Throne of Allah in this world and the Hereafter, by the will and power of Allah, the Almighty.

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Hidden polytheism - شرك خفي

Associating others with Allah in intentions and actions of the heart.

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Emergence of Dajjal - دجّال

It is the appearance of a one-eyed liar at the end of times from the children of Adam, whom Allah will give the ability to do wondrous and paranormal acts sa a trial and tribulation for the people.

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Messenger - الرسول

A free male person inspired by Allah Almighty, sent to non-believers, to convey His message.

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Awe/Fear - خشية

Fear of Allah Almighty, which is based upon knowledge of His greatness and His perfect sovereignty and majesty.

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Debauchery - فجور

Persistence in committing major sins without restriction or caring about their evil consequences.

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Invalidation/Rendering worthless - إِحْباطٌ

Invalidation and rejection of a deed (by Allah Almighty).

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Suppressing anger - كَظْمُ الغَيْظِ

Exercising self-control by not taking revenge when infuriated.

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Raising to heaven - الرفع إلى السماء

The ascension of ‘Isā (Jesus), peace be upon him, with his soul and body to the second heaven, as per the command of Allah, the Exalted, out of showing mercy to him and honoring him.

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Branches of faith - شعب الإيمان

All the intentions, deeds, and words that Allah the Exalted loves and is pleased with and that bring one closer to Him.

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The Blast - صيحة

The blast coming out the trumpet when Angel Isrāfeel (Uriel) blows into it (on the Day of Judgment) so that people come out of their graves to the gathering place.

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The Night Journey - إسراء

The Night Journey of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, from Makkah to Baytul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) on the "Buraaq" (a riding mount from the heavens) and his return on the same night.

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Squeeze of the grave - ضَمَّةُ القَبْرِ

Squeeze of the body of the dead person by the two sides of the grave.

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Adherence - اِعْتِصامٌ

Adherence to the Qur’an and Sunnah and sticking to the Muslim community in order to guard oneself from evil whims, division, and trials.

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Excessive praise - إطراء

Excessive praise that includes lying.

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The Old Testament - العهد القديم

The Jewish Scriptures comprising the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings.

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Trial of the Grave - فِتْنَةُ القَبْرِ

Questioning of the dead in the grave by two angels who ask: who is your Lord, your religion, and your prophet?

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Atheism - إِلْحادٌ

Deviation from the truth that must be believed in or acted upon.

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Turning in repentance - إِنابَةٌ

Returning to Allah the Almighty with one's heart full of love and servitude.

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Community - أمة

A large group of people who share one religion, common beliefs or practices.

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The bridge to Paradise - القنطرة

A bridge where the believers will stand after crossing the Sirāt (bridge over Hell) for exacting retribution regarding the injustices that took place between them in the worldly life.

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The footstool - كرسي

The place where Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, rests His feet. It is ahead of the Throne.

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Those promised Paradise - المبشرون بالجنة

The Companions regarding whom the Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, testified that they would enter Paradise. This includes the ten Companions known with this title as well as others.

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Torment of the grave - عَذابُ القَبْرِ

The torment inflicted by Allah on the disbelievers and Muslim sinners after their death temporarily or perpetually until the Day of Judgment.

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Ascension - معراج

The Prophet’s ascension from Bayt al-Maqdis (Masjid al-Aqsa) to the Furthest Lote Tree with his soul and body, in a state of wakefulness, in the company of Jibreel (Gabriel), peace be upon him.

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Dissimulation - تَـقِيَّةٌ

Protecting oneself from harm by saying or doing something even if something else is concealed.

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Disciples - حواريون

The closest and best Companions of the Prophets.

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Deficiency of faith - نقصان الإيمان

Weakness of faith that afflicts the believers when they commit acts of disobedience and prohibitions.

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Unity of existence - وحدة الوجود

A belief based on the claim that the existence of Allah and the existence of His creation are one and the same.

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Truth - حَقٌّ

An affirmed and true fact that cannot be denied.

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Supernatural phenomena - خوارق العادات

Anything paranormal that is beyond the normal human capability and power.

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Despair - يأس

To abandon hope of receiving from Allah, the Almighty, whatever one asks and strives for regarding their needs, fear, and hope. At this stage, one deems it improbable their need to be fulfilled or their hardship alleviated.

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Gabriel - جبريل

The angel who is entrusted with the divine revelation and who comes down with it from Allah Almighty to any of Allah’s messengers.

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Dread - رَهْبَةٌ

The heart's fleeing to Allah the Almighty in fear and dread along with doing what pleases Him.

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Utmost truthfulness - صديقية

Complete obedience to the Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, and pure sincerity to Allah, the Almighty.

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Inability to speak or understand Arabic properly - عجمة

State of being inarticulate and unable to understand the meaning of words fully.

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Trials/Tests - فتن

Situations wherein a person is tested so that the reality of his goodness or evil becomes clear, showing whether he merely follows his personal desires or avoids them.

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Attributes of Allah's essence - صفات ذاتية

Essential Attributes related to Allah's essence, which are everlasting and eternal; and are not related to His Will and Choice.

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Divine attributes established by Shariah and reason - الصِّفاتُ الشَّرْعِيَّةُ العَقْلِيَّةُ

“As-Sifaat ash-Shar`iyyah al-`Aqliyyah” are the attributes of Allah, the Almighty, that are established by both “shar`i” and intellectual proofs.

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Talisman - طلسم

Special obscure lines and writings that have to do with planets and orbits, used by sorcerers and followers of some (false) beliefs to bring about benefit or ward off harm.

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Justice/Fairness - عَدل

Putting everything in its correct place.

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Minor hypocrisy - نفاق أصغر

Nonconformity between what one reveals and what he conceals when it comes to duties by revealing obedience and concealing disobedience.

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Negated attributes - صفات منفية

The attributes that Allah denied for Himself in His Book or through His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him.

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Acting hostile towards Allah and His Messenger - محاربة لله ورسوله

Objecting to Allah's Book (the Qur’an) and the Sunnah of His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him; going against them; and claiming that they are inconsistent and contradictory.

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Idol - وثن

Any creation that is worshiped besides Allah.

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Adulation - مُداهَنَةٌ

Socializing with the people of sins and showing pleasure and satisfaction with what they are doing, while having the ability to denounce it, in order to obtain a worldly gain.

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Closeness to Allah - ولاية

"Wilāyah" is love, support, and closeness.

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Good/Lawful - طَيِّب

Something lawful and pleasant to human souls, which is free from harm or evil.

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Miracle - مُعْجِزَةٌ

''Mu‘jizah'' is an irresistible supernatural event, which Allah manifests at the hands of His prophets to prove their truthfulness and as a support for them.

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Disobedience - مَعْصِيَةٌ

Deliberately violating Allah's commandments, which incurs Allah's wrath and punishment.

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Rival - نِدٌّ

Someone/something from amongst Allah's creation that is claimed to be an equivalent and equal to Him in terms of what He alone deserves of Lordship, worship, and Names and Attributes.

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Undoing magical spells - نشرة

A type of incantation used to treat someone who is thought to be possessed by the jinn (suffering a mental imbalance due to a devil's possession).

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People living at a time during which there is no Prophet - أهل الفترة

Those who lived in an interval between two Prophets, such that the preceding Prophet was not sent to them, whereas they did not live up to the time of the next one.

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Reviving the Religion - تجديد الدين

Seeking to revive the teachings and rituals of Islam and restore them to their original form as practiced during the time of the early Muslim generation (the Salaf; the righteous predecessors) through teaching people the Sunnah (guidance of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) and warning them against "bid‘ah" (religious innovations).

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Having good expectations of Allah - حسن الظن بالله

Expecting good from Allah, the Exalted, while hoping for His Mercy and Forgiveness.

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Perfection of faith - كَمالُ الإيمانِ

Performing what is within one's ability of the obligatory and voluntary acts of worship, along with abandoning all prohibitions, which entitles him to be admitted into Paradise and saved from Hell.

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Adherence to mainstream Muslims - لُزُومُ الجَماعَةِ

Adhering to the truth and following it, remaining firm upon mainstream affairs, and not rebelling against the rulers.

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Bare minimum faith - مُطْلَقُ الإيمانِ

A description of the least amount of faith that a Muslim should have, without which his Islam would be invalid.

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Ignorance of belief - جهل بالاعتقاد

To make a statement, do an act, or hold a belief that is contrary to the truth, or principally unkown.

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Aversion caused by magic - صَرف

Magic aimed at separating the spouses and causing hatred and dislike between them.

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Negative Attributes - صفات سلبية

Attributes that Allah, the Almighty, negated for Himself in His Book or through His Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him; as they do not befit His majesty.

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Attributes of Allah's actions - صِفاتٌ فِعْلِيَّةٌ

Attributes which relate to the will of Allah, the Almighty, and whose instances recur according to His will.

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Libeling Islam - طَعْنٌ في الدِّينِ

Disparaging any part of the religion of Islam and criticizing its rulings.

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Oppression - ظُلْمٌ

Putting something in other than its place.

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Servitude - عبودية

A comprehensive word for everything that Allah loves and is pleased with from actions and statements; the apparent and hidden thereof.

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The Throne - العَرْشٌ

A great seat having pillars, which is created by Allah, then rose over it and ordered the angels to hold it. It is as a dome over the universe and it is the ceiling of the creation.

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Exaggeration with the righteous - غلو في الصالحين

Transgressing the limits of the Shariah in dealing with people of religiosity and righteousness by raising them above the status set for them by Allah Almighty and placing them in a rank that suits none but Allah. This is represented in seeking their help in adversities, circumambulating their graves, seeking blessings in the dust in which they are buried, and the like.

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Belief in bad omens - طِيرَةٌ

Considering something that is either seen, heard, or known as a bad omen and abandoning an action because of it.

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Denial disbelief - كفر الجحود

When one denies, within his heart or by his tongue, one of the fundamentals or rulings of Islam or any such information that is an indisputable fact in Islam.

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Steadfastness - ثَباتٌ

Steadfastness upon the path of truth and adherence to it without deviation or transgression.

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Repelling - تَنْفِيرٌ

Each behavior that discourages others from practicing Islam or any Islamic teachings.

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Hope - رَجاءٌ

Hoping for good things to happen in the future out of expecting Allah’s mercy.

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Kindness/Excellence in worship - الإِحْسان

Treating others kindly, in words, actions or belief, both outwardly and inwardly

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Fear - خَوْفٌ

Discomfort in one's heart due to anticipating the occurrence of something bad or losing something good.

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Bashfulness/Modesty - حَياءٌ

A change that occurs inside a person because of veneration and the like that prevents him from doing something or from abandoning it for fear of blame or dispraise.

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Disobedience - عِصْيانٌ

Giving up obedience by abandoning a commandment or committing a prohibition in words or actions, whether apparent or hidden.

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Indecency/Obscenity - فُحْشٌ

Extremely offensive words and deeds

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Honoring sacred ordinances - تَعْظِيمُ الحُرُماتِ

Preserving due rights of people and carrying out one's responsibility towards them; due rights of times and places, being dutiful towards them and protecting them from loss.

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Moderation - تَوسُّطٌ

Observing the Shariah commands without excess or negligence.

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Good morals - حُسْنُ الخُلُقِ

Treating others kindly by extending favor to them, meeting them with a cheerful face, and refraining from causing them harm.

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Supernatural abilities - كَرامَةٌ

Something supernatural that is not paired with a challenge or a claim of prophethood which Allah makes occur by His righteous slaves.

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Fortune-telling/Divination - كهانة

Claiming knowledge of the Unseen and the ability to foretell the future.

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Knowing Allah - مَعْرِفَةُ اللهِ تعالى

Having knowledge of the names, attributes, and actions of Allah, and also His divine law that He has legislated for His slaves.

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Orphan Sponsorship - كَفالَةُ اليَتِيمِ

Taking charge of the affairs of a child whose father has died, and striving to achieve his religious and worldly interests, thereby seeking reward from Allah.

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Pillars - أركان

The foundations upon which something is established and without which it cannot be achieved.

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Postponing deeds - إرجاء

Postponing deeds and excluding them from the definition of faith.

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Deviation from divine signs - الإلحاد في آيات الله

Deviation from Shariah texts, by altering their realities and true meanings, or by ascribing cosmic signs fully or partially to other than Allah, the Almighty.

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The Trinity - تثليث

The Christian belief that Allah is three: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

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Beseeching - تَضَرُّعٌ

A state in which one excessively feels in desperate need of Allah the Almighty.

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Imitating the disbelievers - التَّشَبُّهُ بِالكُفَّارِ

Imitating the disbelievers in their sayings, actions, beliefs, and everything peculiar to them.

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Constants - ثوابت

The conclusive, correct, explicit religious matters that do not change in any time or place.

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Gathering/Assembling - حَشْرٌ

Assembling and leading the created beings to stand before Allah for their accounting and recompense.

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Forsaking - خِذْلانٌ

Allah does not facilitate acts of obedience for the slave, does not help him to perform them, and leaves him on his own.

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Means to polytheism - ذرائع الشرك

The means that lead to committing "shirk" (associating partners with Allah in worship).

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Predecessors - سلف

The prominent scholars who are well-known for their leadership and virtue from among the Prophet's Companions, their successors, the followers of their successors, and those who follow them in a best way until the Day of Resurrection.

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Intercessions of the Prophet, may Allah"s peace and blessings be upon him. - شفاعات النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم

All types of intercessions that will be exclusive to our Prophet Muhammad, may Allah"s peace and blessings be upon him, on the Day of Resurrection.

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Established intercession - شفاعة مثبتة

The slave's intercession, after Allah's permission, for those who have met its conditions and avoided its impediments.

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Associating partners with Allah in His Oneness of Lordship - شرك في توحيد الربوبية

Setting equals to Allah, the Exalted, in matters related to the characteristics of Lordship, or ascribing something thereof to other than Him, such as creation, giving provision, disposing of affairs, and the like.

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Diviner/Soothsayer - عراف

One who claims to have knowledge of affairs using signs to pinpoint certain locations, such as knowing a stolen item or the place of a lost item.

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Despair - قُنُوطٌ

Despair of the mercy of Allah the Almighty and His favor.

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Disbelief out of defiance and arrogance - كُفْرُ الإباءِ والاسْتِكْبارِ

Abandoning the truth in such a way that one does not learn or act upon it in words, actions, or beliefs.

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Major disbelief - كفر أكبر

Any statement, action, or belief that takes one outside the fold of Islam.

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Minor disbelief - كُفْرٌ أَصْغَر

The sins whose commitment is considered disbelief by the Shariah but which do not remove their doer from the fold of Islam.

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Impediments of Takfeer - موانع التكفير

"Mawaani` at-takfeer" refer to the qualities and conditions that prevent issuing a judgement of apostasy on someone who might have committed an act of disbelief.

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Major creedal hypocrisy - نفاق أكبر اعتقادي

Display of belief in Allah and His angels; Books; Messengers; the Last Day; and destiny, the pleasant and unpleasant aspects thereof, by the tongue while concealing what contradicts all this or some of it within the heart.

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Means/Seeking means - وسيلة

Any means that is used to reach a specific objective.

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Invented matters/Innovatioins in religion - محدثات الأمور

All what goes against the Qur’an, the Sunnah, or the consensus of the early Muslim generations ("salaf") of beliefs and forms of worship which people have invented in the religion based on their personal desires and opinions.

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Divine inspiration - إِلْهامٌ

Inspiration that Allah casts into a person's heart to urge him to either do something or avoid it.

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Saying: may Allah be pleased with so-and-so. - تَرَضِّي

Seeking the pleasure of Allah, the Exalted, regarding someone else.

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Divination - اسْتِقْسامٌ

Seeking foreknowledge of one's fate and luck by using divining arrows and the like.

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Monasticism - رَهْبانِيَّةٌ

Extremism in worship, abandoning the worldly life, and refraining from mixing with people.

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The Day of ‘Arafah - يَوْمُ عَرَفَة

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah.

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Enmity/Hostility - عَداوَةٌ

Harboring hatred and ill-will towards a person.

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Celibacy - تبتل

Abstaining from women by refraining from marriage and focusing on worship.

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Interpretation/Allegorical interpretation - تَأوِيلٌ

Replacing the apparent meaning of the word with another different meaning.

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Changing - تَغَيُّرٌ

Something changing and transforming from one state to another.

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Seeking rain from stars - استسقاء بالأنواء

Seeking rain from or attributing rainfall to the stars deducing it from their setting and rising.

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Restoration - إعادة

Allah resurrecting people in their graves after their death for being questioned by the angels, and resurrecting them on the Day of Judgment for reckoning and recompense.

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Inclination to monotheism/Devout religiousness - حَنَفٌ

Turning to Allah the Almighty and turning away from anything other than Him by turning from polytheism towards monotheism, and from misguidance towards uprightness.

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Slaves' actions - أفعال العباد

Actions and statements that are done and said by the human beings.

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Houris / Wives in Paradise - حُورٌ

Wives of the believers in Paradise, dark-eyed and of perfect beauty.

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Absolute submission - إخبات

Surrendering and submitting to Allah, the Almighty, by accepting His Shariah as well as universal orders with a fully contented heart.

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Everlasting - سرمد

The everlasting life of the inhabitants of Paradise in bliss, and the everlasting abidance of the disbelievers and hypocrites in the torment of Hell.

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Nature - طَبِيعَةٌ

Inherent qualities and powers in human beings.

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Conclusive/decisive proof - بُرْهانٌ

Categorical proof that provides knowledge and evidence that reveals the truth.

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Destruction - بوار

It is the destruction of the disbelievers in Hellfire on the Day of Judgment.

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Clarification - بيان

Clarifying the speech to the listener and revealing its meaning, whether with words or actions.

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Closeness - زُلْفَى

Closeness to Allah by performing His commandments, avoiding His prohibitions, seeking His pleasure, and aid in fulfilling one's needs.

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Seeking help - اسْتِنْجَادٌ

Requesting aid from someone else in times of dire need.

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Homonym/Polysemous term - مُشْتَرَكٌ لَفظيُّ

A word that has same spelling and several meanings.

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Love amulet/charm - تولة

A type of magic that is made to endear the woman to her husband and the man to his wife.

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Taking as allies - تولي

Loving polytheism and the polytheists; supporting the disbelievers financially, physically, and with counsel; lending them support against Muslims, praising and defending them.

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Destruction - ثبور

Incessant destruction that brings about pain and regret for the individual.

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Anomaly - شُذُوذُ

Parting company with the main Muslim body by opposing the scholars' consensus and what is valid and correct.

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Love magic - عطف

A type of magic claimed to endear the husband to his wife and the wife to her husband.

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Keepers - خزَنة

The angels who are entrusted with Paradise and Hell.

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Prophet Al-Khadir - الخضر

The righteous slave whom Allah, the Almighty, mentioned his story with the Prophet Mūsa (Moses), peace be upon him, in Sūrat al-Kahf.

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Later/Succeeding generations (Innovators) - خَلَفٌ

Those who come after the first three best generations (since the start of the Islamic era) and pursue the path of the people of religious innovations and deviant whims.

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Reason-based facts - عقليات

Anything that is approved by reason or known through human intellect.

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Grief/Impatience - جزع

Weakness of the soul and fear in the heart which cause a person to become sad once they are subject to trial.

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Eternity - خلود

Eternal stay of the people of Paradise in bliss, and eternal stay of the people of Hell in the punishment of the Fire, which will never be interrupted.

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Goodness - خير

A comprehensive word that refers to all acts of righteousness and obedience, including the beliefs, deeds, and statements.

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Land of war - دار الحرب

Any territory where laws of disbelief prevail and where the Muslims have no power or authority.

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Land of disbelief - دارُ الكُفْرِ

Countries that are governed by non-Islamic laws where the authority lies in the hands of non-Muslims.

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Prohibitions - حُرُماتٌ

Everything that Allah and His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, have prohibited from committing or violating.

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Land of the covenant - دار العهد

A land of disbelief whose people made a truce with Muslims with or without a compensation, depending on the public interest of the Muslims.

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A layer in Hell - دَرْكٌ

One of the layers (levels) of torment in Hellfire.

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Idols/Punishment - رِجْزٌ

Anything that is worshiped other than Allah.

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Precision/Accuracy - إِحْكامٌ

Doing something precisely and preventing it from being flawed or defective.

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Moderation - اقتصاد

Approaching something moderately and gently in a way that makes it possible for one to practice it constantly.

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Attributes - الصفات

Allah's attributes of perfection, beauty, and glory that are established in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. They distinguish Allah, the Exalted, from other beings.

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Gnosis/Knowledge - عِرْفانٌ

Perceiving something and realizing its reality through deep thinking and contemplation.

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The Pen - قلم

The object that wrote down the destiny of everything until the Day of Judgment by the command of Allah, the Almighty.

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Denial - إِنْكارٌ

Denial of something by one's heart and tongue and rejection to believe in the truth or admit it.

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Scribes of the Revelation - كتاب الوحي

The Companions whom the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, assigned to write down and record the Qur’an that was revealed to him.

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Change in Divine Destiny and Decree - بداء

Believing that Allah, the Almighty, is surprised by the occurrence of things without His knowledge or in contradiction with His knowledge.

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People of the opinion - أهل الرأي

Those who are qualified to offer the ruler or those in authority counsel and advice, like the scholars, elders, and others.

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Taking (someone) as an example - تأسي

Imitating and following someone by exactly doing what he does and abandoning what he abandons.

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Star - نجم

Refers to any celestial body.

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The Day of Inevitable Event - واقعة

A name for the Day of Judgment, which will surely take place, as Allah, the Exalted, has informed.

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Attribute - وصف

Self-essential meaning

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Thick Cover - ران

The darkness of sins that covers the heart and pervades it until it blinds it from seeing the truth and submitting to it.

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Precursor - إرهاص

An extraordinary event that Allah causes to happen at the hands of a Prophet before his prophetic mission starts.

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Polytheism of supplication - شِرْكٌ في الدَّعْوَةِ

Invoking other than Allah, the Almighty, to do such things that only Allah, the Exalted, can do, like removing distress or bringing benefits.

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Polytheism in intention and will - شرك النية والإرادة

When a person performs an act of worship not for the sake of Allah, the Almighty; instead, with this act of worship, they intend, completely or partially, to achieve a wordy gain, show off, or the like.

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Dissension - شقاق

Separation from the mainstream Muslims and opposition to the truth.

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The Flag - لِواء

The flag that will be held only by Prophet Muhammad, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, on the Day of Judgment, so it can be a sign that distinguishes him; and so that people can follow him including Adam and those after him.

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Bishop - أُسْقُفٌ

A title in Christianity for the clergyman above the priest and below the archbishop.

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Transitive attributes - صِفاتٌ إضافِيَّةٌ

A transitive attribute only fathomable when attributed to its opposite.

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An Equal - نَظِيرٌ

Any creation of Allah that is claimed to be equivalent to Him in His rights of lordship, worship, and names and attributes.

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Passion/Excessive love - عِشْقٌ

Excessive love along with desire.

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Cauterization - كي

"It is burning the skin with a heated instrument for therapeutic purposes

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The Path - سَبِيلٌ

The Shariah that Allah has sent down to his slaves, which leads to obeying and pleasing Him.

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Seeking Help - اسْتِعانَةٌ

Seeking support and help from another in fighting the enemy.

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Realization - المَعْرِفَةٌ

Abstract perception that entails no ruling.

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Disclosure/unveiling - مكاشفة

Knowledge of the unseen contents and realities, which are concealed, as they really exist or by witnessing them.

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Prophets' Signs - آيات الأنبياء

The signs with which Allah, the Exalted, supported His Messengers to prove their truthfulness.

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Abode of Islam - دارُ الإِسْلامِ

Any land where the rulings of Islam are dominant, even if the majority of the population are non-Muslims.

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Scholastic theology - عِلْمُ الكَلامِ

A science that defends faith-related beliefs by providing logical proofs without referring to Shariah-approved proofs.

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Gog and Magog - يأجوج ومأجوج

Two large tribes from the descendants of Yāfith, the son of Nūh (Noah), peace be upon him. They will emerge at the time of ‘Isā (Jesus), peace be upon him, and will wreak havoc and corruption on earth until Allah, the Almighty, destroys them.

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Revelation-based knowledge - سَمْعِيّاتٌ

Everything that is established by the Shari`ah texts, such as Paradise, Hell, and events taking place on the Day of Resurrection.

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Attributes proven by reason - الصفات العقلية

They are the attributes of Allah Almighty that are proven by combining intellectual evidence with the sound natural disposition, in addition to Islamic texts that affirm them.

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Sealing - طَبْعٌ

Covering a person's heart to make him heedless of doing what benefits him and abandoning what harms him.

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Taking omens from birds - عِيافَةٌ

Claiming knowledge of the unseen by observing movements of the birds, their sounds and the like.

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Intent - قصد

Decisive will.

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Cowardliness - جبن

Fear and weakness that keep a person dismayed and prevent him form going forward.

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Intercession - شَفاعَةٌ

Interceding for others to bring them benefits or repel harms from them.

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Soul - نَفْسٌ

The spirit that is breathed into the body, governs it, and leaves it at death.

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Division - تَفَرُّق

Turning away from the truth and its people.

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Blessed be Allah - تبارك الله

A phrase of glorification and exaltation of Allah, the Almighty, which means: glorified and exalted be Allah.

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Anthropomorphism - تجسيم

The description of Allah, the Almighty, as being a body.

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Determinism - جبر

Forcing someone to do something without his consent and will, or negating the role of man in his actions and ascribing them to God.

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Laudation/Praise - ثناء

Repeating the praises of Allah the Almighty frequently and enumerating them by mentioning His attributes of beauty and praiseworthy actions.

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Thoughts - خواطر

Any thoughts and opinions that one feels in his heart.

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Skepticism/Doubtfulness - ريب

Doubt coupled with internal anxiety and confusion, resulting in baseless ill assumption and accusation.

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Established Attributes - الصفات الثبوتية

The Attributes that Allah the Exalted established for Himself in the Qur"an or on the tongue of His Messenger, may Allah"s peace and blessings be upon him, in his Sunnah.

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Attributes proved by textual and rational proofs. - الصِفاتُ السَمْعِيَّةٌ العَقْلِيَّةٌ

Attributes of Allah, Exalted, proved by both textual (Shar`iee) and rational proofs.

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Good omen - فأل

Expecting goodness and hoping for it.

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The Occultation - غَيْبَةٌ

Disappearance of the Imam from people and his reappearance in the future.

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Opposing Allah and His Messenger - محادة لله ورسوله

Opposing Allah and His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, and obstinately defying them while showing animosity to Islam and the Muslims.

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Follower/Committed one/Disciple - مريد

A person detached from his will, in admiration of his shaykh (mentor), submitting to him, detached from all other things in devotion to Allah, the Exalted, and turning to Him in totality.

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Separation - افتراق

Separating from Ahl-us-Sunnah wa al-Jamā‘ah regarding any of the unequivocal principles of religion that are authentically established by definitive text or consensus, whether they are related to beliefs or actions or to the supreme interests of the Muslim nation, such as armed rebellion against the Muslim leaders and their communities.

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Speech - كَلامٌ

Multiple words that express a comprehensible meaning.

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Featherless arrows - أَزْلامٌ

The arrows that the Arabs used in pre-Islamic times as an augury to predict whether a matter was good or evil in order to make a decision regarding it.

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Requesting repentance - اسْتِتابَةٌ

Asking a person who was formerly Muslim and became an apostate (a disbeliever) to repent and return to Islam.

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Exception - اسْتِثْناءٌ

Excluding some elements covered by a general phrase from its ruling by using special Arabic articles of exception, such as "illā" or the like.

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Eavesdropping - اسْتِراقُ السَّمْعِ

Secretly listening to someone without their permission.

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Looking forward/Anticipation - اسْتِشْرافٌ

Looking at something with the intention of selecting it.

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Transfer of inheritance - تَناسُخٌ

The transfer of the share of an heir to his own heirs by his death before the estate of the first deceased is divided.

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Eternity - أبد

Infinite time into the future.

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Combination/Union - اتِّحَادٌ

Agreement of two things or more and their sharing the same description, place, type, or etc.

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Tongue - لِسانٌ

The fleshy muscular organ in the mouth of a human used for tasting, licking, swallowing, and articulating speech.

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Middle - وَسَطٌ

Attributes that are moderate and fall exactly in the middle between two extremes.

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Divination arrows - قِداحٌ

The rods of arrows without feathers and blades.

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Origination/Creation - إبداع

Brining something into being; originating it on no previous model.

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Eternal - أبدي

What is endless and perpetual.

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Duration - أمد

A limited interval of time that has an ultimate end.

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Creatures - أَنامٌ

All creatures existing on the face of the earth.

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Followers of the prophets - أبدال

"Those who succeed the prophets in knowledge and action

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Sin - حوْبٌ

Major or minor sins that one commits.

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Non-existents are timeless - أعْدامُ أَزَلِيَّةٌ

Something that does not exist and has no beginning.

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Purposes/Wisdoms - أَغْراضٌ

Ultimate objectives and rationales of deeds and rulings.

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Horizon - أفق

The sides of the earth with what they contain of occurrences and creatures; and the zones of the heavens and what they contain of marvels and signs.

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Supernatural act - خَرْقٌ

Doing something which is considered supernatural and unfamiliar by the majority of people.

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Setting/Fading away - أفول

The setting and disappearance of something.

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Bringing into existence - إيجاد

Making things on no previous model.

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Retreating/Shrinking devil - خنّاس

It is a description of the devil, who retreats and goes away when Allah's name is mentioned and refrains from casting doubts and evil desires in the heart.

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Slaughtering death - ذبح الموت

Death will be brought on the Day of Judgment in the form of a ram and will actually be slaughtered then.

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Axioms - بدهيات

Knowledge that is primordial and does not require reasoning or speculation.

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Banished - أَدْحَر

The one banished, rejected, degraded, and deprived of good.

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Chronic illness/pain - وَصَبٌ

A state of constant pain and perpetual sickness.

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Dye - صِبغة

The religion of Allah Almighty, which he chose for His slaves, and the natural disposition with which He created humans.

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Powerful evil jinn/Afreet - عِفريت

The rebellious evil jinn that is cunning and malicious.

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Getting baptized - اصطباغ

Immersion in a water basin once or more with the intention of embracing Christianity or repenting of sins.

Translated into: English French

The Qur'an/Revelation - تنزيل

Speech of Allah the Almighty, which was revealed to the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, through Jibreel, peace be upon him.

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Shackles - أصفاد

Shackles that are used to tie up the hands and feet.

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Flood - طوفان

Any event that is encompassing, frequent, intense, successive, and overwhelming, such as floods, plagues, and widespread death.

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Effective cause - علة فاعلية

The factor that results in the existence of something or causes its occurrence.

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Enmity/Hostility - مُعاداةٌ

Showing enmity by word or action to Allah's enemies, disassociating oneself from them and keeping away from them inwardly and outwardly.

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Sect - نحلة

A set of doctrines, branching from a religion, that some people invented and agreed upon without having any textual proof to support them.

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Process of generating/producing - تولد

Generating an act by means of another related act; for example, generating the key movement by means of the hand movement.

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Ages - حقب

A long period of time estimated to be eighty years or more.

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Signification of complete accord - دلالة المطابقة

Interpretation of a term by all of its significations.

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Something - شَيْءٌ

All existing things that could be known or informed about.

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Keenness/Assiduousness - حِرص

Exerting effort to attain what is beneficial in religious or worldly affairs.

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Perfections/Pathways - حُبُك

Beautiful creation that is made with utmost precision, perfection, and strength.

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Absolute nihility - عَدَمٌ مَحْضٌ

Something that is not visible and has neither a reality nor existence.

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Empty space - خلاء

The unoccupied space.

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Doer - فاعِلٌ

One who can perform an action, while possessing the ability and will to do it.

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Belittlement - تهاون

Negligence and belittlement of religion, while being careless about it and about fulfilling its rights.

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Synonymous - مُتَرادِفٌ

What has one meaning and various names.

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Circular cause - دَور

The existence of something being contingent upon its own existence; either with or without a means.

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Speech - قَولٌ

The spoken word that has a meaning.

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Abhorrence - اِشْمِئْزازٌ

Aversion and disdain to accept the truth, with this being physically manifest.

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Parts - أَبْعاضٌ

Anything liable to be separated from the whole.

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Specific union - الاتِّحادُ الخاصُّ

Believing that Allah the Almighty has united with some creatures apart from others.

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The Deafening Cry/Thunderous Shout - الصاخة

A thunderous shout that almost deafens the ears because of its severity and loudness.

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