Belief in Predestination - الإيمان بالقدر

Firm belief that everything that occurs in the universe goes in accordance with Allah’s decree and His knowledge and will.

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Astrology - تَنْجِيمٌ

"Tanjīm": astrology, looking at the stars. It indicates rise and appearance.

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Oppression/Injustice - ظُلْمٌ

"Zhulm": oppression, exceeding the limits. Original meaning: putting something in other than its place. Other meanings: infringement.

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The Throne - العَرْشٌ

"Al-‘Arsh": king’s chair. Original meaning: highness, elevation. Other meanings: the roof of a house.

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Belief in bad omens - طِيرَةٌ

"Tiyarah": pessimism. It is derived from "tayr", which means: bird, like the crow.

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Having good expectations of Allah - حسن الظن بالله

Expecting good from Allah, the Exalted, while hoping for His Mercy and Forgiveness.

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Forsaking/Disappointing - خِذْلانٌ

"Khidhlān": stop supporting and helping. Original meaning: leaving something. Other meanings: discouraging, enervating; surrender, defeat, disappointment.

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Justice/Fairness - عَدل

"‘Adl": uprightness, just judgment. Opposite: injustice. Other meanings: moderateness.

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Slaves' actions - أفعال العباد

Actions and statements that are done and said by the human beings.

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Nature - طَبِيعَةٌ

Inherent qualities and powers in human beings.

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Eternity - خلود

Eternal stay of the people of Paradise in bliss, and eternal stay of the people of Hell in the punishment of the Fire, which will never be interrupted.

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The Pen - قلم

The object that wrote down the destiny of everything until the Day of Judgment by the command of Allah, the Almighty.

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Grief/Impatience - جزع

Weakness of the soul and fear in the heart which cause a person to become sad once they are subject to trial.

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Change in Divine Destiny and Decree - بداء

Believing that Allah, the Almighty, is surprised by the occurrence of things without His knowledge or in contradiction with His knowledge.

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Scholastic theology - عِلْمُ الكَلامِ

A science that defends faith-related beliefs by providing logical proofs without referring to Shariah-approved proofs.

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Attributes proven by reason - الصفات العقلية

They are the attributes of Allah Almighty that are proven by combining intellectual evidence with the sound natural disposition, in addition to Islamic texts that affirm them.

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Anthropomorphism - تجسيم

The description of Allah, the Almighty, as being a body.

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Determinism - جبر

Forcing someone to do something without his consent and will, or negating the role of man in his actions and ascribing them to God.

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Non-existents are timeless - أعْدامُ أَزَلِيَّةٌ

Something that does not exist and has no beginning.

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Purposes/Wisdoms - أَغْراضٌ

Ultimate objectives and rationales of deeds and rulings.

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Chronic illness/pain - وَصَبٌ

A state of constant pain and perpetual sickness.

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Powerful evil jinn/Afreet - عِفريت

The rebellious evil jinn that is cunning and malicious.

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Process of generating/producing - تولد

Generating an act by means of another related act; for example, generating the key movement by means of the hand movement.

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Keenness/Assiduousness - حِرص

Exerting effort to attain what is beneficial in religious or worldly affairs.

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Empty space - خلاء

The unoccupied space.

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Effective cause - علة فاعلية

The factor that results in the existence of something or causes its occurrence.

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Recording angels - كاتبون

The noble angels whom Allah, the Exalted, has entrusted with writing down and recording the good and bad deeds of people.

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Successive guardian angels - معقبات

Angels who take alternate shifts in protecting man from all directions. However, when he is destined to be stricken by an affliction, they leave him to it.

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The possible - ممكن

What is open to existence and non-existence and cannot exist except by the assistance of another, not on its own.

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Objection - اعتراض

The abstention of the heart and the limbs from showing contentment, submission, and compliance with the truth.

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Absolute nihility - عَدَمٌ مَحْضٌ

Something that is not visible and has neither a reality nor existence.

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Earning - كَسْبٌ

What man does by his own choice to bring about benefit or ward off harm.

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Antonymy - تخالف

The divergence between nouns and names.

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