Dutifulness to one’s parents - بِرُّ الوالِدَيْنِ

Dutifulness and kindness to one’s parents through words and deeds during their life and after their death.

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Undutifulness to one’s parents - عُقُوق الوالدين

When a person hurts his parents or one of them in a way that people do not traditionally regard as insignificant.

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Lying/Falsehood - كَذِبٌ

To report about something in a way contrary to its reality, whether deliberately or mistakenly.

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Backbiting - غِيبَةٌ

Saying something about a person in his absence what he would dislike if he heard it.

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Misguidance - ضلال

Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.

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Whim/Desire - هَوَى

Personal inclination to what one enjoys or sees.

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Maintaining kinship ties - صلة الرحم

Showing kindness to relatives, doing good to them, and fending off harm from them.

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Spying - تَجَسُّسٌ

"Tajassus": investigating, examining. It is mostly used for evil purposes. It is originally derived from "jass", which means getting to know something by lightly touching it.

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Obscene lie - إِفْكٌ

"Ifk": lying. It is derived from "afk", which means changing and diverting the truth. Other meanings: sin, false testimony, slander, falsehood.

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Lending - إِقْراضٌ

"Iqrād": lending. It is derived from "qard" (loan), which means cutting off.

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Good manners/Politeness - أَدَبٌ

"Adab": good manners and noble actions. Its original meaning is calling, as it calls people to what is praiseworthy.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Anger - غَضَبٌ

"Ghadab": anger, great dissatisfaction. Opposite: "rida" (contentment). Original meaning: strength, hardness. Other meanings: a change that occurs in humans when the blood of their heart boils and they seek revenge.

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Perfection/Skillfulness - إِتْقانٌ

"Itqān": doing something and learning it precisely, perfectly, correctly, and accurately.

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Envy - حَسَدٌ

"Hasad": dislike that Allah Almighty should bestow favors upon others or wishing that the favors enjoyed by others should go away.

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Grudge/Malice - حِقْدٌ

"Heqd": retaining animosity within the heart. Original meaning: retaining, withholding. Other meanings: dislike, hatred.

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Gentleness - رِفْق

"Rifq": gentleness, leniency. Opposite: harshness, severity. Other meanings: ease, facilitation. Original meaning: benefit.

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Extravagance/Wastefulness - تَبْذِيرٌ

"Tabdhīr": dispersing, scattering. It is derived from "badhr", which means: scattering seeds in the soil. Other meanings: spreading, excessiveness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Cheating - غِشٌّ

"Ghishsh": showing something and concealing the opposite. Opposite: sincerity. It is derived from "ghashash", which means: muddied, unclear water.

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Evil/Wrong - مُنكَرٌ

"Munkar": bad, rejected, denied. It is derived from "inkār", which means ignorance. Other meanings of "inkār": negation, denial, rejection, belying, changing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Manhood/Magnanimity - مُرُوءَةٌ

"Murū’ah": manhood in its perfect form; good manners and politeness. It is derived from "marī’" (the gullet). It was also said to be derived from "mar’", which means: man, human being. Other meanings: humanity, chastity, generosity, nobility, uprightness.

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Chastity - عِفَّةٌ

"‘Iffah": refraining and abstaining from what is bad and objectionable. Original meaning: scarcity. Other meanings: purification, chastity.

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Jealousy - غَيْرَةٌ

"Ghayrah": ardent enthusiasm and anger about something. It is derived from "taghayyur", which means: transformation.

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Adultery - فاحِشَةٌ

"Fāhishah": bad and objectionable speech or deed. It is derived from "fuhsh", which is ugliness and horribleness. Other meanings: adultery.

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Handshaking - مُصافَحَةٌ

"Musāfahah": placing one’s hand in the hand of another. It is derived from "sufh", which means: the side of something.

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Betrayal - خيانة

"Khiyānah": betrayal, deception. Opposite: trustworthiness. It originally means "decrease", for a betrayer decreases what is he is entrusted with and does not return it as it was. Other meanings: violation of covenant.

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Conceit - خيلاء

"Khuyalā’": arrogance, self-conceit, looking down upon people.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Morals - أَخْلاقٌ

"Akhlāq" (sing. khuluq): nature, disposition, or inherent qualities either good or bad. Other meanings: religion, decency.

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Extravagance - إِسْرَافٌ

"Isrāf": extravagance. Original meaning: exceeding the limit in everything. Opposite: moderation, reasonability. It is derived from "musrif", which means: extravagant. Other meanings: wastefulness, negligence, carelessness, causing damage, wasting, squandering, corruption, extremism, interruption.

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Excessiveness/Immoderation - إفراط

"’Ifrāt": exceeding the limits. "Mufrit": someone who exceeds the limits. Original meaning: removing something from its place. Other meanings: advancing, hastening, extremism, transgression, placing undue pressure beyond one’s ability.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Oppression/Injustice - ظُلْمٌ

"Zhulm": oppression, exceeding the limits. Original meaning: putting something in other than its place. Other meanings: infringement.

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Committing a sin/crime - إِجْرامٌ

"Ijrām": committing a "jurm": crime or sin. "Ijrām" is derived from "jarm", which means: cutting off or earning. A sin is called a "jurm" because it is something earned by its perpetrator. Other meanings: corrupting, hurting someone.

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Compassion - شَفَقَةٌ

"Shafaqah": fear from and caution about misfortune, keenness on reform. Original meaning: delicateness. Other meanings: caution, mercy, affection, and grief.

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Forbearance - حِلْم

"Hilm": deliberateness, patience, quietness, self-restraint. Opposite: haste, foolishness.

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Foolishness - سَفاهَةٌ

"Safāhah": foolishness. Original meaning: frivolity, recklessness, imprudence, crookedness and confusion. Opposite: forbearance, rationality.

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Magnanimity - شَهامَةٌ

"Shahāmah": bravery. Original meaning: smartness, sharpness. Other meanings: strength, vigor.

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Munificence/Tolerance - سَماحَةٌ

"Samāhah": generosity, giving. Original meaning: leniency, gentleness, compliance. Other meanings: tolerance, pardon.

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Transgression/Aggression - عُدْوانٌ

"‘Udwān": aggression, transgression. It is derived from "ta‘addi", which means: going beyond and overstepping the limit. Opposite: justice. Other meanings: disputing, harming.

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Haste - عَجَلَةٌ

"‘Ajalah": speed, quickness. Opposite: delay, postponement, respite. It is derived from "i‘jāl", which means: hastening.

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Treachery/Disloyalty - غَدرٌ

"Ghadr": breaking a covenant. Opposite: loyalty. Original meaning: abandonment, departure. Other meanings: offense, deceit, betrayal, cessation.

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Delusion/Self-conceit - غُرُور

"Ghurūr": delusion, deception. Original meaning: decrease. Other meanings: cheating, causing confusion.

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Violence - عُنْفٌ

"‘Unf": violence, harshness. Opposite: gentleness, ease. It is derived from "i‘tināf", which means: dislike, hardship.

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Obstinacy - عِنادٌ

"‘Inād": obstinacy, opposition. Original meaning: crookedness, tilting, deviation. Other meaning: deviation from the truth.

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Kindness/Compassion - عَطْفٌ

"‘Atf": kindness, compassion, tenderness. Original meaning: leaning, reclining.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Obscenity/Immorality - فُحْشٌ

"Fuhsh": ugly and evil speech or deed. Original meaning: increase, exceeding the limit.

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Generosity - كَرَمٌ

"Karam": generosity, honor, abundance. Opposite: stinginess, maliciousness.

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Faithfulness/Loyalty - وَفاءٌ

"Wafā’": loyalty, fulfillment of covenant. Opposite: treachery. Original meaning: completeness, perfection.

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Altruism - إِيثارٌ

"Īthār": altruism, selflessness. Opposite: selfishness. Original meaning: giving precedence to something.

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Cooperation - تَعاوُنٌ

"Ta‘āwun": cooperation, people assisting one another. It is derived from "‘awn", which means: help, support. “Isti‘ānah”: seeking help from others.

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Good morals - حُسْنُ الخُلُقِ

Tījāniyyah

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Evil/Harm - سُوءٌ

"Sū’": Evil, corruption, and what is disliked. Original meaning: ugliness. Opposite: beauty. Other meanings: sadness, distress.

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Cheerfulness - طَلاقَةُ الوَجْهِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Cursing - لَعْنٌ

"La‘n": expelling, banishing. "La‘n" among people refers to reviling and name-calling.

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Suppressing anger - كَظْمُ الغَيْظِ

Tījāniyyah

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Keeping secrets - كِتْمانُ السِّرِّ

Tījāniyyah

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Separation/Break-up - تقاطع

"Taqātu‘'': separation. It is derived from "qat‘", which means cutting. Opposite: communication. Other meanings: abandonment, dissension, split-up.

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Good/Lawful - طَيِّب

"Tayyib": delicious, lawful, permissible. It is derived from "tībah", which means safety from evil. Opposite: evil, unlawful. Other meanings: appropriate, nice, easy, pure, clean.

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Insult - سَبٌّ

Any bad words intended to degrade and insult someone.

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Offense - إِساءَةٌ

Saying or doing what is disgraceful and deserving of criticism.

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Hospitality - ضِيافَةٌ

Showing hospitality to the guest in the house or a similar place, being kind to him and taking care of his needs.

Translated into: English Indonesian

Concealment - سَتْرٌ

Concealing someone else's defect and not revealing it to people.

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Sale by city-dweller on behalf of desert-dweller - بَيْعُ الحاضِرِ لِلْبادِي

The sale in which a person who lives in a city or village sells goods on behalf of another who lives in the desert, or on behalf of a non-resident, even if he is not a Bedouin.

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Lack of jealousy - دِياثَةٌ

A man's lack of jealousy for his wife and his "Mahram" (permanently unmarriageable) female relatives whom he is prohibited from marrying.

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Monasticism - رَهْبانِيَّةٌ

Extremism in worship, abandoning the worldly life, and refraining from mixing with people.

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Praise - مَدْحٌ

Praising someone by mentioning his good characteristics, whether related to his appearance or intentional conducts.

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Treachery - غَدْرٌ

It is breaking the covenant and not fulfilling one"s responsibility towards it.

Translated into: English French Urdu

Pillaging/Robbing - نَهْبٌ

Taking someone else’s property openly, forcibly, and without giving him anything in return.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Exposing/Defaming - تَشْهيرٌ

Exposing a person's faults by the ruler and announcing that to the people out of reprimand for that person and those like him.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Arrogance - كِبْرٌ

Refusing to accept the truth out of arrogance; despising people and treating them as inferiors.

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Snooping/Eavesdropping - مُسارَقَةٌ

Looking at or listening to others secretly without their knowledge and consent.

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Strutting - تَبَخْتُرٌ

The way an arrogant and self-conceited person walks.

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Resolve - حزم

Diligence in doing something and being careful to perform it and not to miss it.

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Disciplining - تَأْدِيبٌ

Light punishing or disciplining for wrong-doing by those in charge, other than the judge, for the sake of rectification.

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Misappropriation - إغلال

Misappropriation of trust.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Disclaiming/Disavowal - تَنَصُّلٌ

Denying responsibility for something and not bearing its consequences and results.

Translated into: English Russian

Egotism/Selfishness - أَثَرَةٌ

Favoring one's self or one's relative in worldly benefits over others who are entitled to that benefit or are in need of it.

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Deception - خِداعٌ

Causing harm to others secretly.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Maliciousness/Evilness - خُبْثٌ

Corruption that harms one"s soul or body physically or spiritually.

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Mockery - سُخْرِيَّة

Mocking others verbally or physically due to a defect or the like in an offending manner.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Excessive arrogance/Tyranny - عُتُـوٌّ

Exceeding the limits in arrogance and tyranny, and going to extremes in corruption and disobedience.

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Effeminacy - خُنُوثَةٌ

A man imitating feminine characteristics.

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Generosity/Openhandedness - سَخاءٌ

A moral characteristic that urges the person to spend from his wealth with ease.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Discontentment - سُخْطٌ

Extreme anger accompanied with dislike of something and discontent with it.

Translated into: English Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Gloating/Malicious satisfaction - شَماتَةٌ

Gloating over the harm or damage that befalls others.

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Intercession - شَفاعَةٌ

Interceding for others to bring them benefits or repel harms from them.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Avarice - طَمَعٌ

Desiring something and being keen on attaining it.

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Stinginess - شُحٌّ

Extreme covetousness of one's wealth or another's wealth before attaining it and withholding it from others after attaining it.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Imprudence - طَيْشٌ

Impetuousness that causes the person to lose control over himself when something provokes him.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Frowning - عُبُوسٌ

Frowning and showing displeasure while meeting someone.

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Pardoning - صَفْحٌ

Forgiving the sin along with eliminating ill feelings towards its doer, and refraining from blaming or criticizing him.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Exposing flaws - فَضْحٌ

Disclosing the flaws of a person to make him known for them among people.

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Exasperation/Rage - غَيْظٌ

Internal rage that a person feels because of harm inflicted on him by another and his inability to vent that feeling.

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Endearment - توَدُّدٌ

Endearing oneself to someone else seeking his love.

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Maltreatment - سُوءُ المُعامَلَةِ

To verbally or physically harm someone in their body, wealth, or honor.

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Kind treatment/Kind companionship - حُسْنُ العِشْرَةِ

Fulfillment of others' rights when dealing with them and refraining from hurting them.

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Dissension - شقاق

Separation from the mainstream Muslims and opposition to the truth.

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Harshness - جَفَاءٌ

Toughness of the heart, harshness of behavior, and alienation from people.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Hardness of the Heart - قَسوةٌ

"Qaswah" is harshness and rigidity in the heart that drives a person towards abuse and wrongdoing rather than kindness and goodness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Willpower/High aspiration - عُلُوُّ الهِمَّةِ

Aspiring to the highest possible form of perfection for oneself and others and rejecting imperfection and inferiority.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Smiling - تَبَسُّمٌ

A slight and silent laughter.

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Falsification - تَزْوِيرٌ

Modifying something and making it appear contrary to its reality.

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To give someone a servant - إخْدامٌ

Giving someone a servant to serve them and look after their affairs.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Surrendering - اِسْتِئْسارٌ

Surrendering oneself to the enemy to be taken captive.

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Absconding/Running away - إباقٌ

The fleeing of a slave from his master to a different land in an intentional and rebellious manner.

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Honored person - أَثِيرٌ

A person of dignified status who is favored over others.

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Idleness/Unemployment - بَطالَةٌ

Idleness, unemployment, and abstaining from striving to work.

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Expansion/Increase - تَبَسُّطٌ

Expansion and increase in spending on food and it's like.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Keenness/Assiduousness - حِرص

Exerting effort to attain what is beneficial in religious or worldly affairs.

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Monstrous - إِدٌّ

A matter that is atrocious, abominable, and shocking.

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Conceit due to worship - إِدْلالٌ

Having self-conceit, and admiring one's acts of obedience, while forgetting to show gratitude to Allah, and expecting to receive reward from Him.

Translated into: English Indonesian

Overlooking faults - إِغْمَاضٌ

Forgiving someone, overlooking his fault and not exposing it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Obscenity/Foul language - بَذاءَةٌ

Foul speech, even if it is true.

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Dodging - تَهَرُّب

Eluding prior commitment to one's responsibilities and freeing one's liability thereof gradually.

Translated into: English French