Undutifulness to one’s parents - عُقُوق الوالدين

When a person hurts his parents or one of them in a way that people do not traditionally regard as insignificant.

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Lying/Falsehood - كَذِبٌ

To report about something in a way contrary to its reality, whether deliberately or mistakenly.

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Backbiting - غِيبَةٌ

Saying something about a person in his absence what he would dislike if he heard it.

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Misguidance - ضلال

Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.

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Whim/Desire - هَوَى

Personal inclination to what one enjoys or sees.

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Spying - تَجَسُّسٌ

"Tajassus": investigating, examining. It is mostly used for evil purposes. It is originally derived from "jass", which means getting to know something by lightly touching it.

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Obscene lie - إِفْكٌ

"Ifk": lying. It is derived from "afk", which means changing and diverting the truth. Other meanings: sin, false testimony, slander, falsehood.

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Anger - غَضَبٌ

"Ghadab": anger, great dissatisfaction. Opposite: "rida" (contentment). Original meaning: strength, hardness. Other meanings: a change that occurs in humans when the blood of their heart boils and they seek revenge.

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Envy - حَسَدٌ

"Hasad": dislike that Allah Almighty should bestow favors upon others or wishing that the favors enjoyed by others should go away.

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Grudge/Malice - حِقْدٌ

"Heqd": retaining animosity within the heart. Original meaning: retaining, withholding. Other meanings: dislike, hatred.

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Extravagance/Wastefulness - تَبْذِيرٌ

"Tabdhīr": dispersing, scattering. It is derived from "badhr", which means: scattering seeds in the soil. Other meanings: spreading, excessiveness.

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Cheating - غِشٌّ

"Ghishsh": showing something and concealing the opposite. Opposite: sincerity. It is derived from "ghashash", which means: muddied, unclear water.

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Evil/Wrong - مُنكَرٌ

"Munkar": bad, rejected, denied. It is derived from "inkār", which means ignorance. Other meanings of "inkār": negation, denial, rejection, belying, changing.

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Adultery - فاحِشَةٌ

"Fāhishah": bad and objectionable speech or deed. It is derived from "fuhsh", which is ugliness and horribleness. Other meanings: adultery.

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Betrayal - خيانة

"Khiyānah": betrayal, deception. Opposite: trustworthiness. It originally means "decrease", for a betrayer decreases what is he is entrusted with and does not return it as it was. Other meanings: violation of covenant.

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Conceit - خيلاء

"Khuyalā’": arrogance, self-conceit, looking down upon people.

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Extravagance - إِسْرَافٌ

"Isrāf": extravagance. Original meaning: exceeding the limit in everything. Opposite: moderation, reasonability. It is derived from "musrif", which means: extravagant. Other meanings: wastefulness, negligence, carelessness, causing damage, wasting, squandering, corruption, extremism, interruption.

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Excessiveness/Immoderation - إفراط

"’Ifrāt": exceeding the limits. "Mufrit": someone who exceeds the limits. Original meaning: removing something from its place. Other meanings: advancing, hastening, extremism, transgression, placing undue pressure beyond one’s ability.

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Oppression/Injustice - ظُلْمٌ

"Zhulm": oppression, exceeding the limits. Original meaning: putting something in other than its place. Other meanings: infringement.

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Committing a sin/crime - إِجْرامٌ

"Ijrām": committing a "jurm": crime or sin. "Ijrām" is derived from "jarm", which means: cutting off or earning. A sin is called a "jurm" because it is something earned by its perpetrator. Other meanings: corrupting, hurting someone.

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Foolishness - سَفاهَةٌ

"Safāhah": foolishness. Original meaning: frivolity, recklessness, imprudence, crookedness and confusion. Opposite: forbearance, rationality.

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Transgression/Aggression - عُدْوانٌ

"‘Udwān": aggression, transgression. It is derived from "ta‘addi", which means: going beyond and overstepping the limit. Opposite: justice. Other meanings: disputing, harming.

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Haste - عَجَلَةٌ

"‘Ajalah": speed, quickness. Opposite: delay, postponement, respite. It is derived from "i‘jāl", which means: hastening.

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Treachery/Disloyalty - غَدرٌ

"Ghadr": breaking a covenant. Opposite: loyalty. Original meaning: abandonment, departure. Other meanings: offense, deceit, betrayal, cessation.

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Delusion/Self-conceit - غُرُور

"Ghurūr": delusion, deception. Original meaning: decrease. Other meanings: cheating, causing confusion.

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Violence - عُنْفٌ

"‘Unf": violence, harshness. Opposite: gentleness, ease. It is derived from "i‘tināf", which means: dislike, hardship.

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Obstinacy - عِنادٌ

"‘Inād": obstinacy, opposition. Original meaning: crookedness, tilting, deviation. Other meaning: deviation from the truth.

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Obscenity/Immorality - فُحْشٌ

"Fuhsh": ugly and evil speech or deed. Original meaning: increase, exceeding the limit.

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Evil/Harm - سُوءٌ

"Sū’": Evil, corruption, and what is disliked. Original meaning: ugliness. Opposite: beauty. Other meanings: sadness, distress.

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Cursing - لَعْنٌ

"La‘n": expelling, banishing. "La‘n" among people refers to reviling and name-calling.

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Separation/Break-up - تقاطع

"Taqātu‘'': separation. It is derived from "qat‘", which means cutting. Opposite: communication. Other meanings: abandonment, dissension, split-up.

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Insult - سَبٌّ

Any bad words intended to degrade and insult someone.

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Offense - إِساءَةٌ

Saying or doing what is disgraceful and deserving of criticism.

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Lack of jealousy - دِياثَةٌ

A man's lack of jealousy for his wife and his "Mahram" (permanently unmarriageable) female relatives whom he is prohibited from marrying.

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Monasticism - رَهْبانِيَّةٌ

Extremism in worship, abandoning the worldly life, and refraining from mixing with people.

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Treachery - غَدْرٌ

It is breaking the covenant and not fulfilling one"s responsibility towards it.

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Pillaging/Robbing - نَهْبٌ

Taking someone else’s property openly, forcibly, and without giving him anything in return.

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Arrogance - كِبْرٌ

Refusing to accept the truth out of arrogance; despising people and treating them as inferiors.

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Exposing/Defaming - تَشْهيرٌ

Exposing a person's faults by the ruler and announcing that to the people out of reprimand for that person and those like him.

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Snooping/Eavesdropping - مُسارَقَةٌ

Looking at or listening to others secretly without their knowledge and consent.

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Strutting - تَبَخْتُرٌ

The way an arrogant and self-conceited person walks.

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Misappropriation - إغلال

Misappropriation of trust.

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Egotism/Selfishness - أَثَرَةٌ

Favoring one's self or one's relative in worldly benefits over others who are entitled to that benefit or are in need of it.

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Deception - خِداعٌ

Causing harm to others secretly.

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Maliciousness/Evilness - خُبْثٌ

Corruption that harms one"s soul or body physically or spiritually.

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Effeminacy - خُنُوثَةٌ

A man imitating feminine characteristics.

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Discontentment - سُخْطٌ

Extreme anger accompanied with dislike of something and discontent with it.

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Mockery - سُخْرِيَّة

Mocking others verbally or physically due to a defect or the like in an offending manner.

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Gloating/Malicious satisfaction - شَماتَةٌ

Gloating over the harm or damage that befalls others.

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Stinginess - شُحٌّ

Extreme covetousness of one's wealth or another's wealth before attaining it and withholding it from others after attaining it.

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Imprudence - طَيْشٌ

Impetuousness that causes the person to lose control over himself when something provokes him.

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Excessive arrogance/Tyranny - عُتُـوٌّ

Exceeding the limits in arrogance and tyranny, and going to extremes in corruption and disobedience.

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Frowning - عُبُوسٌ

Frowning and showing displeasure while meeting someone.

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Avarice - طَمَعٌ

Desiring something and being keen on attaining it.

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Exposing flaws - فَضْحٌ

Disclosing the flaws of a person to make him known for them among people.

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Exasperation/Rage - غَيْظٌ

Internal rage that a person feels because of harm inflicted on him by another and his inability to vent that feeling.

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Maltreatment - سُوءُ المُعامَلَةِ

To verbally or physically harm someone in their body, wealth, or honor.

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Dissension - شقاق

Separation from the mainstream Muslims and opposition to the truth.

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Harshness - جَفَاءٌ

Toughness of the heart, harshness of behavior, and alienation from people.

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Hardness of the Heart - قَسوةٌ

"Qaswah" is harshness and rigidity in the heart that drives a person towards abuse and wrongdoing rather than kindness and goodness.

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Falsification - تَزْوِيرٌ

Modifying something and making it appear contrary to its reality.

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Absconding/Running away - إباقٌ

The fleeing of a slave from his master to a different land in an intentional and rebellious manner.

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Idleness/Unemployment - بَطالَةٌ

Idleness, unemployment, and abstaining from striving to work.

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Monstrous - إِدٌّ

A matter that is atrocious, abominable, and shocking.

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Conceit due to worship - إِدْلالٌ

Having self-conceit, and admiring one's acts of obedience, while forgetting to show gratitude to Allah, and expecting to receive reward from Him.

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Obscenity/Foul language - بَذاءَةٌ

Foul speech, even if it is true.

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Dodging - تَهَرُّب

Eluding prior commitment to one's responsibilities and freeing one's liability thereof gradually.

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