Marriage - نِكَاحٌ

A contract between a male and a female that permits them to enjoy each other legitimately.

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Shariah objectives - مَقَاصِدُ الشَّرِيعَةِ

The objectives and rationales that the Lawgiver took into consideration, generally and specifically, while legislating to achieve people’s interests.

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Obscene lie - إِفْكٌ

"Ifk": lying. It is derived from "afk", which means changing and diverting the truth. Other meanings: sin, false testimony, slander, falsehood.

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Family - أُسْرَةٌ

"Usrah": family, close relatives. It is derived from "asara" and "asr", which originally means strength.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Assuming liability - ضَمانٌ

"Damān": guaranteeing, assuming liability. Original meaning: putting something in another thing that contains it.

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Gentleness - رِفْق

"Rifq": gentleness, leniency. Opposite: harshness, severity. Other meanings: ease, facilitation. Original meaning: benefit.

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Disobedience/Misbehaving - نُشُوز

"Nushūz": It is derived from "nashz", which means: a high, elevated place. A "nāshiz" wife is the one who disobeys her husband, hates him, treats him with arrogance.

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Non-marriageable relative - مَحارِمُ

"Mahārim" (sing. mahram): What has been forbidden by Allah and cannot be made lawful. A person who is "mahram" to someone is non-marriageable to him or her.

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Idolater - وَثَنِيٌّ

"Wathani": idolater, idol worshiper, pagan. "Wathaniyyah": worship of idols and stones. it is derived from "wathan", which means: an idol or stone that is worshiped. "Wathan" is derived from "wathn", which means: steadiness. "Wathn" also means: power, plenty.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Authority - وِلايَةُ

"Wilāyah": rulership, authority, being in charge of others. "waliyy", means: lord, owner, ruler. It is derived from "waly", which means: closeness, love. Other meanings: kingship, kinship, state, heredity.

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Non-marriageable kin - مَحْرَمٌ

"Mahram": prohibition, prohibited thing, forbidden. Opposite: lawful. Original meaning of "tahrīm": banning.

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Giving in marriage - تزويج

"Tazwīj": marrying off. Original meaning: pairing two things together. Opposite: "ifrād" (isolating). Other meanings: gathering, joining.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Custom - عُرْفٌ

"‘Urf": a term that collectively refers to all the things that a given society knows and recognizes as good. Original meaning: what is "ma‘rūf", i.e. known and recognized, of good and benevolent deeds. Other meanings: what is common and known among people.

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Contract - عَقْدٌ

"‘Aqd": fastening, tying. Opposite: loosening. Original meaning: connecting two ends together. Other meanings: adherence, documentation, covenant, confirmation.

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Jealousy - غَيْرَةٌ

"Ghayrah": ardent enthusiasm and anger about something. It is derived from "taghayyur", which means: transformation.

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Equal share of co-wives - القَسْمُ بين الزَّوْجاتِ

Tījāniyyah

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Minor - قاصِرٌ

"َQāsir": one incapable of doing something. It is derived from "qusūr", which originally means: not reaching the end. Other meanings: insane person, such as a child, a demented person, or a maniac.

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Acceptance - قَبُولٌ

"Qabūl": receiving something and taking it with contentment. It also means: acceptance.

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Insane - مَجْنُونٌ

"Majnūn": someone who has lost his mind. It is derived from "junūn" and "jinnah", which mean: loss of mind. Original meaning: concealment, hiding, covering.

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Non-marriageable women - مُحَرَّماتُ النِّكَاحِ

Tījāniyyah

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Relationship by marriage - مُصاهَرَةٌ

"Musāharah": relationship by marriage. "Ashār" are the relatives of a woman’s husband and a man’s wife. It is derived from "sahr", which means: closeness.

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Trick - حِيلَةٌ

"Hīlah": what is used as a means to reach something secretly. It is derived from "hawl", which means: a shift from one state to another in a secret manner. It is mostly used to denote malice.

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Turning away - إِعْرَاضٌ

"I‘rād": aversion, turning away, rejection. Opposite: proceeding toward something, obedience. It is derived from "‘ard", which means: appearance and prominence, or width. Other meanings: leaving out the work, going away, refusal, neglecting.

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Compensation - عِوَضٌ

"‘Iwad": compensation, recompense, replacing.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Pardon/Forgiveness - عَفْوٌ

"‘Afw": forgiveness, pardon, refraining from punishment. Original meaning: abandoning, letting go. Other meanings: elimination, effacement, abundance.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Mother of the child (slave girl) - أُمُّ الوَلَدِ

A female slave impregnated by her master who then gave birth, whether the newborn was alive or dead.

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Lust - شَهْوَةٌ

One's desire to have sexual intercourse.

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Lineage - نَسَبٌ

A relationship between two persons through a close or distant birth.

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Female slave - أَمَةٌ

The woman who is owned by her master.

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Defloration - افْتِضاضٌ

Removing virginity of a woman by sexual intercourse, felony, or the like.

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Growth of pubic hair - إِنْباتٌ

Emergence of coarse hair around the genitals.

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Divination - اسْتِقْسامٌ

Seeking foreknowledge of one's fate and luck by using divining arrows and the like.

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Making an indirect or implicit statement - تَعْرِيضٌ

Every statement that could be considered a marriage proposal or the like of it.

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Answering - إجابة

Fulfilling a request by an action, statement, or gesture, and the like.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Forcing/Compelling - إِجْبارٌ

A state in which a person with authority forces another to do an act to realize a Shariah ruling.

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Nursing - تَمْرِيضٌ

Caring for the sick person by serving him and treating him according to the instructions of the physician and the craft of nursing.

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Co-wife - ضَرَّةٌ

One of the wives of a man in a polygamous marriage.

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Noble lineage - حَسَبٌ

The established nobility of a person or his ancestors.

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Filiation - بُنُوَّةٌ

The kinship relation from the side of the son or daughter and their offspring.

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Overnight Stay - بَيْتُوتَةٌ

The man"s staying with his wife in a place for most of the night.

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Barren - عاقِرٌ

A woman who is physically unable to bear children, or an infertile man.

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Stepdaughter - رَبِيبَةٌ

The wife's daughter, down to all levels, from a previous marriage, whether she is related to the wife by birth (her biological daughter) or by breastfeeding.

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Blood relatives - أُولُو الأرْحامِ

In the context of inheritance, "ulu al-arhām" means distant blood relatives; i.e. every male or female relative who does not inherit a share from the estate of the deceased, neither an allotted share ("fard") nor a remaining share after the distribution of the allotted shares ("ta‘seeb").

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Sterility - عُقْمٌ

A condition that prevents reproduction in males and females.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Guardian - وَلِيٌّ

The person upon whom the validity of the marriage contract is contingent, such as father, his agent, or the like.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Exchange marriage - نِكَاحُ الشِّغَارِ

It is when a man marries his daughter, or any other woman under his guardianship, to another man on the condition that the latter will marry him to someone under his guardianship, with or without a dowry.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Unmarried men/women - أَيَامَى

Single (spouseless) men or women, regardless of whether they were previously married or not.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Divorcee/Widow - أَيِّـمٌ

Previously married woman whose husband has died or divorced her.

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Wedding - عُرْسٌ

Consummation of marriage with a woman.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Playing musical instruments - عَزْفٌ

Playing musical instruments and singing.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Bosnian Russian

Losing erection during penetration - إكسال

When a man's penis loses its erection after penetration during sexual intercourse, so he does not ejaculate.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Legitimizing - تَحْلِيلٌ

It refers to a situation when a man marries a thrice-divorced woman with the intention of making it lawful for her to remarry her ex-husband.

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Destruction - بوار

It is the destruction of the disbelievers in Hellfire on the Day of Judgment.

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Secret lovers/Paramours - أخدان

Male and female friends, who secretly have sexual relations with each other.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Seeking help - اسْتِنْجَادٌ

Requesting aid from someone else in times of dire need.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Drawing lots - استهام

A Shariah-approved method whereby a person’s share or lot is determined when a dispute occurs while there is no determining factor to choose a candidate over another.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Uncircumcised - أَغْلَفُ

The uncircumcised person.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Maltreatment - سُوءُ المُعامَلَةِ

To verbally or physically harm someone in their body, wealth, or honor.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Kind treatment/Kind companionship - حُسْنُ العِشْرَةِ

Fulfillment of others' rights when dealing with them and refraining from hurting them.

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Delight/Joy - فَرَحٌ

Joy and delight at the attainment of a benefit either for oneself or for someone else.

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Guarding the private parts. - حِفظُ الفَرْجِ

To keep away from fornication and what is related to it or leads to it.

Translated into: English Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Spinsterhood - عُنُوسٌ

A woman's extended stay in her family home after reaching the age of marriage or maturity without getting married.

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Wife's household items - شَوْرَةٌ

Everything that the wife possesses in her marital house.

Translated into: English French Spanish Russian

Sister - أُخْتٌ

A female sibling born of one's parents or either of them.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Smiling - تَبَسُّمٌ

A slight and silent laughter.

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Paralysis - شَلَلٌ

Dysfunction of a bodily organ.

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Labium - شُفْرُ الفَرْجِ

The flesh that surrounds the woman's vagina from both sides.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Bad breath - بَخَرٌ

A rotten, foul odor in the mouth.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Shutting/Closing - إغْلاقٌ

Firmly closing a door or so to prevent it from being opened.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Falsification - تَزْوِيرٌ

Modifying something and making it appear contrary to its reality.

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To give someone a servant - إخْدامٌ

Giving someone a servant to serve them and look after their affairs.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

To lie down with a woman - اسْتِفْراشٌ

Having sexual intercourse with a woman, whether she is a wife or a slave woman.

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Enjoying the spouse - اِسْتِمْتاعٌ

Mutual enjoyment between the spouses through sexual intercourse, foreplay, kissing, etc.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Daughter - بِنْتٌ

The female who is related to one by birth. She could be one's grand-daughter down to all levels.

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Essential parts of the body - آراب

Essential parts of the body.

Translated into: English Bosnian Russian

Non-relatives - أباعِدٌ

Outsiders who are not relatives.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Someone with extending buttocks - أَبْزى

A person whose chest extends forward and whose belly and back curve inwards.

Translated into: English French Spanish Russian

Vaginas - أَبْضاعٌ

Women's genitals.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Copulation - إِتْيانٌ

Copulation between a man and his wife.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Of noble origin/Firmly established - أَثِيلٌ

Perfect honor and deep-rooted esteem.

Translated into: English French Spanish Bosnian Russian

Wedding banquet - شِنْداخٌ

Name of food prepared on the occasion of marrying a woman.

Translated into: English French Spanish Bosnian Russian

Combination/Union - اتِّحَادٌ

Agreement of two things or more and their sharing the same description, place, type, or etc.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Authorization - تَفْوِيضٌ

Authorizing marriage of woman without defining her dowry at the time of the marriage contract.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Birsām (mental illness) - بِرْسامٌ

A mental illness similar to insanity that leads to delirium.

Translated into: English French Spanish Russian

Blocked vagina - رَتَقٌ

A women's vagina being blocked, impeding having sex her.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Man - رَجُلٌ

A pubescent male from the children of Adam.

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Ounce - أُوقِيَّةٌ

A legal weight measurement that varies based on the weighable goods as well as countries.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Dowry - عُقْرٌ

The woman's dowry when getting married or in similar cases.

Translated into: English

Paternal aunt - عَمَّةٌ

A woman who shares one's father's origin.

Translated into: English

Wedding banquet - وَلِيمَةٌ

Food prepared for the occasion of celebrating a marriage.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Food for a returnee - نَقِيعَةٌ

Food made for a returning traveler.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Drool - لُعابٌ

The saliva that drips from one's mouth.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Overpricing - مُغَالاَةٌ

To raise the price of something higher than its normal price (the price of its like).

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Intercrural sex/Thigh sex - مُفَاخَذَةٌ

Sexually enjoying a woman between her thighs without vaginal penetration.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Pleasure of sexual intercourse - عُسَيْلَةٌ

The sweetness and pleasure of sexual intercourse.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Bosnian Russian

Love - مَحَبَّةٌ

Inclination of the husband's heart to his wife and his affection for her.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Trousseau/Baggage - جَهازٌ

Name given to the supplies that the bride needs (of clothes, linens, etc) for her marriage.

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Male in-law - حَمْوٌ

A husband's male relative, such as his father, paternal uncle, or his brother.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Face-to-face oral communication - مُشَافَهَةٌ

Oral communication between two or more people face to face.

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Sexual intercourse - مُضاجَعَةٌ

Husband and wife sleeping under one cover together.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Duration - أمد

A limited interval of time that has an ultimate end.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Destitute - أَخْلَق

A poor weak person who has no money.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Russian

Narrow-eyed - أَخْوَصُ

A man whose eye is sunken into his head because of its narrowness (smallness).

Translated into: English French Russian

One with different colored eyes - أَخْيَف

A person who has one black eye and one blue eye.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Judge aiding a litigant - إِعْداءٌ

Fairness of the judge and his aiding a litigant against the one who wronged him.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Crookedness - اعْوِجَاجٌ

When something is crooked and not as straight as it should be.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Banquet - مَأْدُبَةٌ

Food that a person prepares and invites people to

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Blind female - عَمْياء

Cattle who has completely lost sight in both eyes.

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