Seeking forgiveness - اسْتِغْفارٌ

Asking Allah Almighty to pardon one’s sins and to protect him from their consequences.

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Backbiting - غِيبَةٌ

Saying something about a person in his absence what he would dislike if he heard it.

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Fear of Allah/Piety - تقوى

Placing a barrier between oneself and Allah’s anger and punishment by fulfilling His commands and avoiding His prohibitions.

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Whim/Desire - هَوَى

Personal inclination to what one enjoys or sees.

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Repentance - تَوْبَةٌ

Giving up sin, regretting to do it, resolving to never return to it, in addition to amending whatever deeds can be amended by repetiton.

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Perjury/False testimony - شَهادَة الزُّورِ

Intentionally giving a false testimony with the aim of deception.

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Following personal desires - اتباع الهوى

Acting upon something other than the truth, whether in terms of speech, deeds, or beliefs.

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Ostentation/Show off - رياء

Performing an act of worship for something other than the sake of Allah Almighty, such as doing it in order to be seen and praised by people.

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Grudge/Malice - حِقْدٌ

"Heqd": retaining animosity within the heart. Original meaning: retaining, withholding. Other meanings: dislike, hatred.

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Awe/Fear - خشية

"Khashyah": fear coupled with knowledge and glorification. It mostly results from knowledge of what is feared. It is derived from "khashy", which means: dried plants.

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Betrayal - خيانة

"Khiyānah": betrayal, deception. Opposite: trustworthiness. It originally means "decrease", for a betrayer decreases what is he is entrusted with and does not return it as it was. Other meanings: violation of covenant.

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Conceit - خيلاء

"Khuyalā’": arrogance, self-conceit, looking down upon people.

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Despair - يأس

"Ya’s": despair. Opposite: hope. "Ya’s" is to lose hope for something.

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Trials/Tests - فتن

“Fitan” (sing. fitnah): trials, tests, tribulations. It is derived from “fatn”, which means: burning.

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Tranquility - طمأنينة

"Tuma’nīnah": tranquility. Opposite: confusion, worry. Original meaning: settlement, stability.

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Hope - رَجاءٌ

"Rajā": hope, aspiring to something. Opposite: despair, hopelessness.

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Committing a sin/crime - إِجْرامٌ

"Ijrām": committing a "jurm": crime or sin. "Ijrām" is derived from "jarm", which means: cutting off or earning. A sin is called a "jurm" because it is something earned by its perpetrator. Other meanings: corrupting, hurting someone.

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Pursuit of divine reward - اِحْتِسَابٌ

"Ihtisāb": considering something. It is derived from "hisāb", which means: counting, enumerating. Other meanings: denial.

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Eating Lawful Things - أَكْلُ الطَّيِّباتِ

Nourishment from food that is certainly lawful and earned by lawful means without wasting nor using it in sinful ways.

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Fear - خَوْفٌ

"Khawf": fear, panic. Opposite: security. Original meaning: decrease. Other meanings: cowardice, apprehension, awe, horror.

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Submissiveness/Humility - خُشوعٌ

Submission of the heart and its fear of Allah out of love and glorification, along with being submissive to the truth outwardly and inwardly.

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Shyness/Modesty - حَياءٌ

"Hayā’": modesty, shyness. It is derived from "hayāh", which is: life. Opposite: insolence, audacity.

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Compassion - رَأْفَةٌ

"Ra’fah": extreme mercy, great mercy. Original meaning: compassion, mercy.

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Munificence/Tolerance - سَماحَةٌ

"Samāhah": generosity, giving. Original meaning: leniency, gentleness, compliance. Other meanings: tolerance, pardon.

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Self-conceit/Vainglory - عُجْب

"‘Ujb": joy and happiness along with pride in oneself. It is derived from "i‘jāb", which means: admiring, applauding.

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Transgression/Aggression - عُدْوانٌ

"‘Udwān": aggression, transgression. It is derived from "ta‘addi", which means: going beyond and overstepping the limit. Opposite: justice. Other meanings: disputing, harming.

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Delusion/Self-conceit - غُرُور

"Ghurūr": delusion, deception. Original meaning: decrease. Other meanings: cheating, causing confusion.

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Obstinacy - عِنادٌ

"‘Inād": obstinacy, opposition. Original meaning: crookedness, tilting, deviation. Other meaning: deviation from the truth.

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Kindness/Compassion - عَطْفٌ

"‘Atf": kindness, compassion, tenderness. Original meaning: leaning, reclining.

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Disobedience - عِصْيانٌ

"‘Isyān": disobedience, contradiction. Opposite: obedience, compliance. It is derived from "‘asw", which means: pulling, collecting.

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Obscenity/Immorality - فُحْشٌ

"Fuhsh": ugly and evil speech or deed. Original meaning: increase, exceeding the limit.

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Generosity - كَرَمٌ

"Karam": generosity, honor, abundance. Opposite: stinginess, maliciousness.

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Righteousness/Goodness - بِرٌّ

"Birr": obedience, benevolence. Opposite: undutifulness, abuse. Original meaning: truthfulness.

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Hatred - بُغْضٌ

"Bughd": dislike, hatred. Opposite: love. Original meaning: shunning, loathing. It is derived from "tabāghud", which means: mutual hatred. Other meanings: enmity, antagonism, dispute, displeasure.

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Cooperation - تَعاوُنٌ

"Ta‘āwun": cooperation, people assisting one another. It is derived from "‘awn", which means: help, support. “Isti‘ānah”: seeking help from others.

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Contemplation/Reflection - تَفَكُّـرٌ

"Tafakkur": reflecting, contemplating. Original meaning: hesitation of the mind regarding something.

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Honoring sacred ordinances - تَعْظِيمُ الحُرُماتِ

Tījāniyyah

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Moderation - تَوسُّطٌ

"Tawassut": being straight and level. Original meaning: uprightness, moderateness. Other meanings: choosing what is best.

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Having a bad thought of someone - سُوءُ الظَّنِّ

Tījāniyyah

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Wishing to live long - طُولُ الأَمَلِ

Tījāniyyah

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Evil/Harm - سُوءٌ

"Sū’": Evil, corruption, and what is disliked. Original meaning: ugliness. Opposite: beauty. Other meanings: sadness, distress.

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Self-reckoning/Self-accounting - مُحاسَبَةُ النَّفْسِ

Tījāniyyah

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Striving against oneself - مُجاهَدَةُ النَّفْسِ

Tījāniyyah

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Turning in repentance - إِنابَةٌ

"Inābah’’: returning to obedience; turning to Allah in repentance.

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Beseeching - تَضَرُّعٌ

"Tadarru‘": beseeching, imploring, subservience. It is derived from "dar‘", which means: leniency, weakness.

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Forsaking/Disappointing - خِذْلانٌ

"Khidhlān": stop supporting and helping. Original meaning: leaving something. Other meanings: discouraging, enervating; surrender, defeat, disappointment.

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Dread - رَهْبَةٌ

"Rahbah": dread, fear. It is derived from "tarhīb", which means intimidation.

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Beguilement/Misguidance - غواية

"Ghiwāyah": straying, following desires and being engrossed in falsehood. Opposite: guidance.

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Means/Seeking means - وسيلة

"Wasīlah": the means getting one closer to someone else. It is derived from "tawassul", which means desire, pursuit. Other meanings: cause, path to something.

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Gazing freely - إطْلَاقُ البَصَر

Gazing intentionally at what Allah has prohibited.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Offense - إِساءَةٌ

Saying or doing what is disgraceful and deserving of criticism.

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Monasticism - رَهْبانِيَّةٌ

Extremism in worship, abandoning the worldly life, and refraining from mixing with people.

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Resolve - حزم

Diligence in doing something and being careful to perform it and not to miss it.

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Absolute submission - إخبات

Surrendering and submitting to Allah, the Almighty, by accepting His Shariah as well as universal orders with a fully contented heart.

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Goodness - خير

A comprehensive word that refers to all acts of righteousness and obedience, including the beliefs, deeds, and statements.

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A layer in Hell - دَرْكٌ

One of the layers (levels) of torment in Hellfire.

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Closeness - زُلْفَى

Closeness to Allah by performing His commandments, avoiding His prohibitions, seeking His pleasure, and aid in fulfilling one's needs.

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Grief/Impatience - جزع

Weakness of the soul and fear in the heart which cause a person to become sad once they are subject to trial.

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Caution - حذر

Keeping careful watch for possible danger, whether that danger is certain or not.

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Egotism/Selfishness - أَثَرَةٌ

Favoring one's self or one's relative in worldly benefits over others who are entitled to that benefit or are in need of it.

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Deception - خِداعٌ

Causing harm to others secretly.

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Maliciousness/Evilness - خُبْثٌ

Corruption that harms one"s soul or body physically or spiritually.

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Generosity/Openhandedness - سَخاءٌ

A moral characteristic that urges the person to spend from his wealth with ease.

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Discontentment - سُخْطٌ

Extreme anger accompanied with dislike of something and discontent with it.

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Gloating/Malicious satisfaction - شَماتَةٌ

Gloating over the harm or damage that befalls others.

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Excessive arrogance/Tyranny - عُتُـوٌّ

Exceeding the limits in arrogance and tyranny, and going to extremes in corruption and disobedience.

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Avarice - طَمَعٌ

Desiring something and being keen on attaining it.

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Stinginess - شُحٌّ

Extreme covetousness of one's wealth or another's wealth before attaining it and withholding it from others after attaining it.

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Pardoning - صَفْحٌ

Forgiving the sin along with eliminating ill feelings towards its doer, and refraining from blaming or criticizing him.

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Soul - نَفْسٌ

The spirit that is breathed into the body, governs it, and leaves it at death.

Translated into: English Indonesian Russian

Alertness/Awakening - يَقَظَةٌ

It is the state of the heart when it becomes awake from its heedlessness, and gets ready for meeting its Lord by being determined to perform acts of obedience and overcome all impediments and obstacles.

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Weak resolve - صِغَرُ الهِمَّةِ

Weakness of the soul and its lack of desire to pursue high ranks.

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Accumulation of worldly gains - تَكاثُرٌ

Keenness to acquire much worldly gains and to compete with others in that.

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Overburdening oneself/Artificiality - تَكَلُّـفٌ

Engaging in words, deeds, or beliefs which are neither obligatory nor recommended.

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Guarding the private parts. - حِفظُ الفَرْجِ

To keep away from fornication and what is related to it or leads to it.

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Moderation - اقتصاد

Approaching something moderately and gently in a way that makes it possible for one to practice it constantly.

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Gradual luring to destruction - استدراج

To gradually lead a person on through what he covets to bring him to unexpected destruction.

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Thick Cover - ران

The darkness of sins that covers the heart and pervades it until it blinds it from seeing the truth and submitting to it.

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Polytheism in intention and will - شرك النية والإرادة

When a person performs an act of worship not for the sake of Allah, the Almighty; instead, with this act of worship, they intend, completely or partially, to achieve a wordy gain, show off, or the like.

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Thoughts - خواطر

Any thoughts and opinions that one feels in his heart.

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Hardness of the Heart - قَسوةٌ

"Qaswah" is harshness and rigidity in the heart that drives a person towards abuse and wrongdoing rather than kindness and goodness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Willpower/High aspiration - عُلُوُّ الهِمَّةِ

Aspiring to the highest possible form of perfection for oneself and others and rejecting imperfection and inferiority.

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Looking forward/Anticipation - اسْتِشْرافٌ

Looking at something with the intention of selecting it.

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Seeking/Aspiring - اِبْتِغاءٌ

Diligence in seeking to reach something.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Sin - حوْبٌ

Major or minor sins that one commits.

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Monstrous - إِدٌّ

A matter that is atrocious, abominable, and shocking.

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Ages - حقب

A long period of time estimated to be eighty years or more.

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Proceeding at night - إِدْلاجٌ

Leaving Muzdalifah and heading for Minā after midnight during Hajj.

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Conceit due to worship - إِدْلالٌ

Having self-conceit, and admiring one's acts of obedience, while forgetting to show gratitude to Allah, and expecting to receive reward from Him.

Translated into: English Indonesian

Distress - ضنك

All the distress and pain that afflict a person in the worldly life or the Hereafter as a punishment for his turning away from the truth.

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Flood - طوفان

Any event that is encompassing, frequent, intense, successive, and overwhelming, such as floods, plagues, and widespread death.

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Superb carpets - عبقري

A type of large, fine carpets that are exceptionally beautiful and well-made.

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Belittlement - تهاون

Negligence and belittlement of religion, while being careless about it and about fulfilling its rights.

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Stupidity - حُمْقٌ

Lack of reason that drives one to do what would harm him despite knowing of its bad consequences.

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Protection - وِقايَةٌ

Protecting and guarding oneself from harmful things by doing acts of worship and avoiding the prohibitions.

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Contemplation - تَأَمُّلٌ

Looking thoughtfully at something for a long time with the purpose of remembering and understanding it.

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Abhorrence - اِشْمِئْزازٌ

Aversion and disdain to accept the truth, with this being physically manifest.

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Willpower - قُوَّةُ الإرادَةِ

Resolution to bring about good or ward off evil while utilizing the available means and relying on Allah sincerely.

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Spiritual states - أَحْوالٌ

Meanings and perceptions that pass in the heart without one's intention or effort and that do not last.

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Conduct/Way - هدي

The manner one adopts in his words, actions, and beliefs.

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Fleeing to Allah - الفرار إلى الله

Fleeing from what Allah dislikes outwardly and inwardly to what He likes outwardly and inwardly so as to be saved from punishment and earn divine reward.

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