Fear of Allah/Piety - تقوى

Placing a barrier between oneself and Allah’s anger and punishment by fulfilling His commands and avoiding His prohibitions.

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Awe/Fear - خشية

"Khashyah": fear coupled with knowledge and glorification. It mostly results from knowledge of what is feared. It is derived from "khashy", which means: dried plants.

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Trials/Tests - فتن

“Fitan” (sing. fitnah): trials, tests, tribulations. It is derived from “fatn”, which means: burning.

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Tranquility - طمأنينة

"Tuma’nīnah": tranquility. Opposite: confusion, worry. Original meaning: settlement, stability.

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Hope - رَجاءٌ

"Rajā": hope, aspiring to something. Opposite: despair, hopelessness.

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Pursuit of divine reward - اِحْتِسَابٌ

"Ihtisāb": considering something. It is derived from "hisāb", which means: counting, enumerating. Other meanings: denial.

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Fear - خَوْفٌ

"Khawf": fear, panic. Opposite: security. Original meaning: decrease. Other meanings: cowardice, apprehension, awe, horror.

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Submissiveness/Humility - خُشوعٌ

Submission of the heart and its fear of Allah out of love and glorification, along with being submissive to the truth outwardly and inwardly.

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Shyness/Modesty - حَياءٌ

"Hayā’": modesty, shyness. It is derived from "hayāh", which is: life. Opposite: insolence, audacity.

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Compassion - رَأْفَةٌ

"Ra’fah": extreme mercy, great mercy. Original meaning: compassion, mercy.

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Righteousness/Goodness - بِرٌّ

"Birr": obedience, benevolence. Opposite: undutifulness, abuse. Original meaning: truthfulness.

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Hatred - بُغْضٌ

"Bughd": dislike, hatred. Opposite: love. Original meaning: shunning, loathing. It is derived from "tabāghud", which means: mutual hatred. Other meanings: enmity, antagonism, dispute, displeasure.

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Contemplation/Reflection - تَفَكُّـرٌ

"Tafakkur": reflecting, contemplating. Original meaning: hesitation of the mind regarding something.

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Honoring sacred ordinances - تَعْظِيمُ الحُرُماتِ

Tījāniyyah

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Turning in repentance - إِنابَةٌ

"Inābah’’: returning to obedience; turning to Allah in repentance.

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Beseeching - تَضَرُّعٌ

"Tadarru‘": beseeching, imploring, subservience. It is derived from "dar‘", which means: leniency, weakness.

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Dread - رَهْبَةٌ

"Rahbah": dread, fear. It is derived from "tarhīb", which means intimidation.

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Absolute submission - إخبات

Surrendering and submitting to Allah, the Almighty, by accepting His Shariah as well as universal orders with a fully contented heart.

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Closeness - زُلْفَى

Closeness to Allah by performing His commandments, avoiding His prohibitions, seeking His pleasure, and aid in fulfilling one's needs.

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Thoughts - خواطر

Any thoughts and opinions that one feels in his heart.

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Flood - طوفان

Any event that is encompassing, frequent, intense, successive, and overwhelming, such as floods, plagues, and widespread death.

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Willpower - قُوَّةُ الإرادَةِ

Resolution to bring about good or ward off evil while utilizing the available means and relying on Allah sincerely.

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Spiritual states - أَحْوالٌ

Meanings and perceptions that pass in the heart without one's intention or effort and that do not last.

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Fleeing to Allah - الفرار إلى الله

Fleeing from what Allah dislikes outwardly and inwardly to what He likes outwardly and inwardly so as to be saved from punishment and earn divine reward.

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