Saying something about a person in his absence what he would dislike if he heard it.
Performing an act of worship for something other than the sake of Allah Almighty, such as doing it in order to be seen and praised by people.
"Waswasah": covert voice and speech. Other meanings: vain self-talk, evils, and bad thoughts.
"Heqd": retaining animosity within the heart. Original meaning: retaining, withholding. Other meanings: dislike, hatred.
"Khiyānah": betrayal, deception. Opposite: trustworthiness. It originally means "decrease", for a betrayer decreases what is he is entrusted with and does not return it as it was. Other meanings: violation of covenant.
"Khuyalā’": arrogance, self-conceit, looking down upon people.
"Ya’s": despair. Opposite: hope. "Ya’s" is to lose hope for something.
"‘Ujb": joy and happiness along with pride in oneself. It is derived from "i‘jāb", which means: admiring, applauding.
"‘Udwān": aggression, transgression. It is derived from "ta‘addi", which means: going beyond and overstepping the limit. Opposite: justice. Other meanings: disputing, harming.
"Ghurūr": delusion, deception. Original meaning: decrease. Other meanings: cheating, causing confusion.
"‘Inād": obstinacy, opposition. Original meaning: crookedness, tilting, deviation. Other meaning: deviation from the truth.
"Bughd": dislike, hatred. Opposite: love. Original meaning: shunning, loathing. It is derived from "tabāghud", which means: mutual hatred. Other meanings: enmity, antagonism, dispute, displeasure.
"Khidhlān": stop supporting and helping. Original meaning: leaving something. Other meanings: discouraging, enervating; surrender, defeat, disappointment.
Extremism in worship, abandoning the worldly life, and refraining from mixing with people.
Weakness of the soul and fear in the heart which cause a person to become sad once they are subject to trial.
Causing harm to others secretly.
Corruption that harms one"s soul or body physically or spiritually.
Extreme anger accompanied with dislike of something and discontent with it.
Extreme covetousness of one's wealth or another's wealth before attaining it and withholding it from others after attaining it.
Exceeding the limits in arrogance and tyranny, and going to extremes in corruption and disobedience.
Desiring something and being keen on attaining it.
Keenness to acquire much worldly gains and to compete with others in that.
Weakness of the soul and its lack of desire to pursue high ranks.
The darkness of sins that covers the heart and pervades it until it blinds it from seeing the truth and submitting to it.
When a person performs an act of worship not for the sake of Allah, the Almighty; instead, with this act of worship, they intend, completely or partially, to achieve a wordy gain, show off, or the like.
"Qaswah" is harshness and rigidity in the heart that drives a person towards abuse and wrongdoing rather than kindness and goodness.
Having self-conceit, and admiring one's acts of obedience, while forgetting to show gratitude to Allah, and expecting to receive reward from Him.
Negligence and belittlement of religion, while being careless about it and about fulfilling its rights.
Aversion and disdain to accept the truth, with this being physically manifest.