Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.
Request of the Lawgiver (Allah) to do something in a way that is not binding.
Allah's ordainment a certain act to be done by way of obligation.
A statment of the Lawgiver (Allah) ordering to avoid something, but not in strictly prohibitory terms.
A firm command by the Almighty Lawgiver to refrain from a particular action.
Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.
The clear course in the religion that includes the beliefs, rulings, and ethics.
Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.
Everything permitted and sanctioned by the Shariah.
"Ikrāh": forcing someone to do something he dislikes. It is derived from "kurh", which means dislike.
"Tarkhīs": facilitating, making things easy. Other meanings: decreasing, reducing.
"Adab": good manners and noble actions. Its original meaning is calling, as it calls people to what is praiseworthy.
"Ithm": sin, the sin that makes the sinner deserving of punishment. Original meaning: slowness, delay.
"Bātil": false, invalid. Opposite: true, valid. Original meaning: going away or remaining for a short time.
"Ta‘jīl": hastening; doing something before its due time. It is derived from "‘ajalah", which is the opposite of slowness and tardiness. Other meanings: doing something before another.
"‘Udhr": A proof that one uses for an excuse. Everything that removes blame is an excuse.
"Fard": cutting, obligation, appraisal.
"Naskh": removing and moving, copying. Original meaning: replacing something with another. Other meanings: converting, changing, abrogating.
"Wājib": required, established. It is derived from "wujūb", which means: requirement, establishment, falling.
"Nahy": stopping, rebuking, preventing. Opposite: command. It is derived from "intihā’", which means: stopping at a certain point. Other meanings: attainment, arrival, prohibition, rejection, dismissal.
"Makrūh": detestable, abominable. Opposite: loved, recommended. It is derived from "karāhah", which means hardship, distress, and from "kurh" or "karh", which means: abhorrence. "Makrūh" is what one hates and deems difficult. Other meanings: something disallowed, rejected, hardship, harshness.
"Fasād": damage or defect in something. Opposite: soundness, validity. Original meaning: departure from a moderate state.
"Rukhsah" (pl. rukhas): ease, facilitation, leniency. Opposite: hardness. Other meanings: permission, pardon.
"Jawāz": permissibility, permission. Opposite: prevention. Original meaning: traversing, crossing. Other meanings: effectiveness, health, ability, forgiveness, dispensation.
"Hazhr": banning. Opposite: permitting.
"Mashrū‘iyyah": legitimacy. It is derived from "mashrū‘", which means: clarified, plain, legitimate. The original meaning of "shar‘": revealing, explanation.
"Thawāb": reward for a deed, good or bad, and the recompense for a doer of good or a doer of evil.
"Idtirār": bad need, necessity. It is originally derived from "darar", which means: hardship, restriction.
"Ijrām": committing a "jurm": crime or sin. "Ijrām" is derived from "jarm", which means: cutting off or earning. A sin is called a "jurm" because it is something earned by its perpetrator. Other meanings: corrupting, hurting someone.
"Ihbāt": annulment, invalidation. It is derived from "habt", which means: an animal eating so much fodder that its belly swells and then dies.
"Azm": determination to do something. Original meaning: cutting. Other meanings: patience, strength, emphasis, earnestness, duty.
"Al-haqq": the truth, the constant. Opposite: falsehood, error. Other meanings: what is due, necessary, certain.
"‘Afw": forgiveness, pardon, refraining from punishment. Original meaning: abandoning, letting go. Other meanings: elimination, effacement, abundance.
Allah's commandments, relating to the acts of the slaves either by way of demand or option.
The divine commandments pertaining to people's deeds, whether they are required to perform a certain deed or leave it or are given the choice.
"Istitā‘ah": the ability to do something. Opposite: inability. It is derived from "taw‘", which means: submission, responding. Other meanings: endurance, likelihood, capability, power.
Non-obligation of man to fulfill religious obligations and financial duties until evidence from the Shariah is established to this effect.
"Khata’": error, slip, unintentional action. Original meaning: swerving from the intended course. Opposite: correctness, deliberateness. Other meanings: sin, guilt, grammatical mistake, or mistake in pronunciation (esp. in reciting the Qur’an).
"Shart": condition, requirement. It is derived from "sharat", which means mark.
"Darūrah": urgent need, necessity. It is derived from "darar", which means: straits, restriction. Opposite: benefit, spaciousness. Other meanings: hardship, severity, poverty.
"‘Azīmah'': determination, resolve, volition, obligation, necessity, duty. Original meaning: cutting off sharply. Other meanings: striving, patience, strength, toughness.
"Fāsid": invalid, decayed. Opposite: valid, sound.
A request by the legislator to avoid doing something without making this rule obligatory.
"Mubāh'': allowed, permitted. Opposite: forbidden. Original meaning: spaciousness. Other meanings: visible, licensed, lawful, absolute.
Validity of an action according to the Shariah, whereby its consequences come into effect.
Forcing someone to do something or quit doing it.
Termination of the time designated for the waiting period of the divorced wife according to the Shariah.
Not doing something despite of being able to do it, whether it be intentionally or unintentionally.
Coercing someone to do something whose hidden reality contradicts what is apparent thereof, such as a sale.
Nullity and voidness of a statement or action because it does not comply with Shari‘ah (Islamic law).
The most likely place where something could exist.
Firm decision to do or leave something.
To preserve oneself against falling into prohibitions or abandoning a command in situations of doubt.
Failure to do something as prescribed by the Shariah.
Everything that Allah and His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, have prohibited from committing or violating.
Doing something precisely and preventing it from being flawed or defective.
Establishing proof to confirm something or refute it.
Certain conditions that affect one's competence of performing Shariah duties either by elimination or diminishing.
It is that a term includes all its possible meanings in a certain context.
The proper performance of a deed by someone who is competent for religious duties in a way that he is not required to do it again.
The possibility to perform an act of worship at the end of its prescribed time without being blamed for doing so.
To inform someone of a religious ruling without obliging him to apply it.
Agreement of two things or more and their sharing the same description, place, type, or etc.
Possessing or using something such as gold or silver containers for decoration purpose or the like.
To delay something beyond its Shariah-assigned time or location.
Excluding some connotations of a general text (expression).
Divine commandments that are related to making something a cause, a condition, or an impediment of another thing; or with something being valid, invalid, a concession, to be performed, to be made up for, etc.