Unlawful - حَرامٌ

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Desirability - اسْتِحْبابٌ

Request of the Lawgiver (Allah) to do something in a way that is not binding.

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Obligation - وُجُوبٌ

Allah's ordainment a certain act to be done by way of obligation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Undesirability - كَراهَةٌ

A statment of the Lawgiver (Allah) ordering to avoid something, but not in strictly prohibitory terms.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Russian

Prohibition - تَحْرِيمٌ

A firm command by the Almighty Lawgiver to refrain from a particular action.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Misguidance - ضلال

Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Islamic law - الشريعة

The clear course in the religion that includes the beliefs, rulings, and ethics.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Forbidden things - محظورات

Everything that is definitively prohibited under Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Permissible - جَائِزٌ

Everything permitted and sanctioned by the Shariah.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Duress/Compulsion - إِكْراهٌ

"Ikrāh": forcing someone to do something he dislikes. It is derived from "kurh", which means dislike.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Granting concession - تَرْخِيصٌ

"Tarkhīs": facilitating, making things easy. Other meanings: decreasing, reducing.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Good manners/Politeness - أَدَبٌ

"Adab": good manners and noble actions. Its original meaning is calling, as it calls people to what is praiseworthy.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Sin - إِثْمٌ

"Ithm": sin, the sin that makes the sinner deserving of punishment. Original meaning: slowness, delay.

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Invalid/False - باطِلٌ

"Bātil": false, invalid. Opposite: true, valid. Original meaning: going away or remaining for a short time.

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Hastening/Rushing - تَعْجِيلٌ

"Ta‘jīl": hastening; doing something before its due time. It is derived from "‘ajalah", which is the opposite of slowness and tardiness. Other meanings: doing something before another.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Excuse - عُذْرٌ

"‘Udhr": A proof that one uses for an excuse. Everything that removes blame is an excuse.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Obligation - فَرْضٌ

"Fard": cutting, obligation, appraisal.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Abrogation - نَسْخٌ

"Naskh": removing and moving, copying. Original meaning: replacing something with another. Other meanings: converting, changing, abrogating.

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Duty/Obligation - وَاجِبٌ

"Wājib": required, established. It is derived from "wujūb", which means: requirement, establishment, falling.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Forbiddance/Prohibition - نَهْيٌ

"Nahy": stopping, rebuking, preventing. Opposite: command. It is derived from "intihā’", which means: stopping at a certain point. Other meanings: attainment, arrival, prohibition, rejection, dismissal.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Disliked - مَكْرُوهٌ

"Makrūh": detestable, abominable. Opposite: loved, recommended. It is derived from "karāhah", which means hardship, distress, and from "kurh" or "karh", which means: abhorrence. "Makrūh" is what one hates and deems difficult. Other meanings: something disallowed, rejected, hardship, harshness.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Defect/Corruption - فَسادٌ

"Fasād": damage or defect in something. Opposite: soundness, validity. Original meaning: departure from a moderate state.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Dispensation - رُخْصَةٌ

"Rukhsah" (pl. rukhas): ease, facilitation, leniency. Opposite: hardness. Other meanings: permission, pardon.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Permissibility - جَوَازٌ

"Jawāz": permissibility, permission. Opposite: prevention. Original meaning: traversing, crossing. Other meanings: effectiveness, health, ability, forgiveness, dispensation.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Prohibition/Ban - حَظْرٌ

"Hazhr": banning. Opposite: permitting.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Legitimacy - مَشْرُوعِيَّةٌ

"Mashrū‘iyyah": legitimacy. It is derived from "mashrū‘", which means: clarified, plain, legitimate. The original meaning of "shar‘": revealing, explanation.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Reward - ثَواب

"Thawāb": reward for a deed, good or bad, and the recompense for a doer of good or a doer of evil.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Dire need/necessity - اضْطِرَارٌ

"Idtirār": bad need, necessity. It is originally derived from "darar", which means: hardship, restriction.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Committing a sin/crime - إِجْرامٌ

"Ijrām": committing a "jurm": crime or sin. "Ijrām" is derived from "jarm", which means: cutting off or earning. A sin is called a "jurm" because it is something earned by its perpetrator. Other meanings: corrupting, hurting someone.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Invalidation/Rendering worthless - إِحْباطٌ

"Ihbāt": annulment, invalidation. It is derived from "habt", which means: an animal eating so much fodder that its belly swells and then dies.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Determination/Resolve - عزيمة

"Azm": determination to do something. Original meaning: cutting. Other meanings: patience, strength, emphasis, earnestness, duty.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Truth - حَقٌّ

"Al-haqq": the truth, the constant. Opposite: falsehood, error. Other meanings: what is due, necessary, certain.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Pardon/Forgiveness - عَفْوٌ

"‘Afw": forgiveness, pardon, refraining from punishment. Original meaning: abandoning, letting go. Other meanings: elimination, effacement, abundance.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Obligation-creating rulings/Defining laws - أحكام تكليفية

Allah's commandments, relating to the acts of the slaves either by way of demand or option.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Shariah rulings - أحكام شرعية

The divine commandments pertaining to people's deeds, whether they are required to perform a certain deed or leave it or are given the choice.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Ability - اسْتِطَاعَةٌ

"Istitā‘ah": the ability to do something. Opposite: inability. It is derived from "taw‘", which means: submission, responding. Other meanings: endurance, likelihood, capability, power.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Original non-liability - بَرَاءَةٌ أَصْلِيَّةٌ

Non-obligation of man to fulfill religious obligations and financial duties until evidence from the Shariah is established to this effect.

Translated into: English French Russian

Error - خَطَأٌ

"Khata’": error, slip, unintentional action. Original meaning: swerving from the intended course. Opposite: correctness, deliberateness. Other meanings: sin, guilt, grammatical mistake, or mistake in pronunciation (esp. in reciting the Qur’an).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Condition - شَرْطٌ

"Shart": condition, requirement. It is derived from "sharat", which means mark.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Necessity - ضَرُورَةٌ

"Darūrah": urgent need, necessity. It is derived from "darar", which means: straits, restriction. Opposite: benefit, spaciousness. Other meanings: hardship, severity, poverty.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Original ruling - عَزِيمَةٌ

"‘Azīmah'': determination, resolve, volition, obligation, necessity, duty. Original meaning: cutting off sharply. Other meanings: striving, patience, strength, toughness.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Invalid - فَاسِدٌ

"Fāsid": invalid, decayed. Opposite: valid, sound.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Undesirability qua blamelessness - كَرَاهَةُ تَنْزِيهٍ

A request by the legislator to avoid doing something without making this rule obligatory.

Translated into: English

Permissible - مُبَاحٌ

"Mubāh'': allowed, permitted. Opposite: forbidden. Original meaning: spaciousness. Other meanings: visible, licensed, lawful, absolute.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Validity - صِحَّةٌ

Validity of an action according to the Shariah, whereby its consequences come into effect.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Compulsion/Obligation - إِلْزامٌ

Forcing someone to do something or quit doing it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Ending/Termination - انْقِضاءٌ

Termination of the time designated for the waiting period of the divorced wife according to the Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Leaving/Abandoning - تَرْكٌ

Not doing something despite of being able to do it, whether it be intentionally or unintentionally.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

coercion - تَلْجِئَةٌ

Coercing someone to do something whose hidden reality contradicts what is apparent thereof, such as a sale.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Nullity - بُطْلانٌ

Nullity and voidness of a statement or action because it does not comply with Shari‘ah (Islamic law).

Translated into: English Indonesian

Most likely place/situation - مَظِنّةٌ

The most likely place where something could exist.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Determination/Resolution - عَزْمٌ

Firm decision to do or leave something.

Translated into: English French Urdu Russian

Precaution - احتياط

To preserve oneself against falling into prohibitions or abandoning a command in situations of doubt.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Making defective - إِخْلَالٌ

Failure to do something as prescribed by the Shariah.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Prohibitions - حُرُماتٌ

Everything that Allah and His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, have prohibited from committing or violating.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Precision/Accuracy - إِحْكامٌ

Doing something precisely and preventing it from being flawed or defective.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Deduction/Inference - استدلال

Establishing proof to confirm something or refute it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Impediments to legal competence - عَوارِضُ الأَهْلِيَّةِ

Certain conditions that affect one's competence of performing Shariah duties either by elimination or diminishing.

Translated into: English French Indonesian Russian

Inclusiveness - عُـمُومٌ

It is that a term includes all its possible meanings in a certain context.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Proper/Sufficient fulfillment of a duty - إِجْزَاءٌ

The proper performance of a deed by someone who is competent for religious duties in a way that he is not required to do it again.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Delaying - تَرَاخِي

The possibility to perform an act of worship at the end of its prescribed time without being blamed for doing so.

Translated into: English French Russian

Legal opinion - فُتْـيا

To inform someone of a religious ruling without obliging him to apply it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Combination/Union - اتِّحَادٌ

Agreement of two things or more and their sharing the same description, place, type, or etc.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Acquiring/Keeping - اتَّخاذٌ

Possessing or using something such as gold or silver containers for decoration purpose or the like.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Delay - تَأخيرٌ

To delay something beyond its Shariah-assigned time or location.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Particularization/Specification of a general text - تخصيص

Excluding some connotations of a general text (expression).

Translated into: English Bosnian

Explanatory/Declaratory rulings - أحكام وضعية

Divine commandments that are related to making something a cause, a condition, or an impediment of another thing; or with something being valid, invalid, a concession, to be performed, to be made up for, etc.

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