“Al-Qā’im” (the Maintainer/the Self-Subsisting) is the One Who undertakes the management of the affairs of the creation in terms of originating them and giving them sustenance, as well as His knowledge of their places and all of their conditions. He is the maintainer of every soul, knowing what it has earned, the One Who undertakes to protect every thing; give it sustenance and manage and direct it however He wills and likes, either by change, alteration, increase, or decrease. “Al-Qā’im” is also the permanent One Who never ceases to exist. He can in no way be exterminated, and His perfection cannot be diminished. Rather, He has been and will always be permanent, eternal, without a beginning, and described by the attributes of perfection without decrease, change, corruption, transformation, or the like.
“Qayyoomiyyah” (self-subsistence) is an attribute related to Allah's essence in one respect and to His actions in another. Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, is Self-Subsisting, and He is the Sustainer of all others, Exalted is He. He is the maintainer of His creation in terms of their life terms, their deeds, and their provision. He is the One Who is Self-Subsisting and is not in need of anyone, this being an aspect of the absoluteness of His independence of anyone else; yet the existence of everything other than Him depends completely upon Him, this being an aspect of the absoluteness of His power and might. So all the existence depends upon Allah, the Exalted, by way of origination, sustenance, and preparation.
Among those to cite the name “Al-Qayyoom” (the Self-Subsisting) are: Ibn Mandah, Al-Asbahāni, Ibn al-‘Arabi, Ibn Hajar, and others.
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