Lying/Falsehood - كَذِبٌ

To report about something in a way contrary to its reality, whether deliberately or mistakenly.

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Disobedient person - فاسِقٌ

"Fāsiq": one who departs from obedience and uprightness. Original meaning: something exiting something else in order to corrupt it.

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Integrity/Uprightness - عَدالَةٌ

"‘Adālah": holding fast to the truth. "‘Adl": justice, anything that is considered upright. Opposite: oppression. It is originally derived from "i‘tidāl", which means moderation and straightness. Other meanings: equality, integrity, purity.

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Connection/Link - اتِّصالُ الصُّفوف

"Ittisāl": the state of being connected and linked together. Original meaning: association, gathering. Opposite: disconnection, separation.

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Manhood/Magnanimity - مُرُوءَةٌ

"Murū’ah": manhood in its perfect form; good manners and politeness. It is derived from "marī’" (the gullet). It was also said to be derived from "mar’", which means: man, human being. Other meanings: humanity, chastity, generosity, nobility, uprightness.

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Successively narrated - مُتَوَاتِرٌ

"Mutawātir": successive. It is derived from "witr", which means: odd-numbered. Opposite: discontinued. Other meanings: succession of things one after the other without a gap between them.

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Justice/Fairness - عَدل

"‘Adl": uprightness, just judgment. Opposite: injustice. Other meanings: moderateness.

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Agreed upon - مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

A Hadith that is narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, who converge on the text and the Companion-narrator.

Translated into: English Bosnian

Just - عدل

It refers to an adult and sane Muslim who shuns major sins and does not persist in minor ones, and he mostly behaves correctly and refrains from such acts that prejudice the sense of honor.

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Precision - ضَبْطٌ

Hearing the speech in the proper manner, understanding its intended meaning, and then memorizing it and being committed to it.

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Hadith with two consecutive dropped narrators - حديثٌ مُعضَلٌ

A Hadith that has two or more successive narrators dropped form its chain of narrators.

Translated into: English

Denounced - الحديث المنكر

A Hadith that is narrated by a weak narrator, opposing thereby the narration of a reliable narrator.

Translated into: English

Solitary/Isolated report - حجية خبر الآحاد

The report narrated by one person or more and did not reach the level of "tawātur" (multiplicity of the sources of a report).

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Authentication - تَصْحِيحُ

When a Hadith scholar judges a Hadith to be authentic for fulfilling the conditions of authenticity according to his personal reasoning.

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One living before and after Islam without seeing the Prophet - مُخَضْرَمٌ

Whoever lived before and after the coming of Islam and became a Muslim but did not see the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him.

Translated into: English Russian

Marfou‘/Hadith attributed to the Prophet, may Allah"s peace and blessings be upon him - حديثٌ مَرْفُوعٌ

Any saying, deed, implicit approval, state, or attribute that is ascribed to the Prophet, may Allah"s peace and blessings be upon him.

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Memorized/Well-secured - حديثٌ مَحْفوظٌ

A Hadith that is narrated by a trustworthier narrator in contradiction to a narrator who is less trustworthy.

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Science of discrediting or confirming the reliability of narrators - عِلْمُ الجَرْحِ والتَّعْدِيلِ

A science that examines the rules for accepting or rejecting narrations and the methods to make accurate judgments concerning the narrators.

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Inconsistent/Unsettled Hadith - حديثٌ مُضْطَرِبٌ

A Hadith with different, yet equally strong, narrations, so these narrations cannot be reconciled or weighed against each other.

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Young Followers/Young Successors - صِغارُ التَّابِعِينَ

Narrator who did not live during the Prophet's lifetime and narrated from the young Companions.

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Biographical evaluation of Hadith narrators/Study of narrators - عِلْمُ الرِّجالِ

A science that examines the backgrounds, conditions, etc. of the Hadith narrators.

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Indirectly Elevated Hadith - المَرْفُوعُ حُكْماً

A Companion's statement or deed that evidence leads to the presumption that it originated from the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, by way of inference.

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Adjusting fractions in inheritance - تَصْحِيحٌ

Adjusting the fractions when the shares of inheritance are not fully divisible between the number of heirs.

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To help lean on something - إِسْنادٌ

Helping another person, such as a sick person for instance, by enabling him to lean on something for support.

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Mispronunciation/Misspelling - تَصْحِيفٌ

Changing a word from its known form to another.

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Handing over - مُنَاوَلَةٌ

Holding something and handing it over.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Reported news - خبر

A piece of news liable to be either true or false.

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Authentic as per the conditions of Al-Bukhari and Muslim - صَحِيحٌ على شَرْطِهِما

Judging that the narrators of a certain Hadith are the narrators accredited by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

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Companions' Classes - طَبقاتُ الصَّحابَةِ

Groups of the Companions who share certain conditions and qualities.

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