Calling to Allah - الدَّعوة إلى الله

Guiding to belief in Allah Almighty and what was brought by His messengers, and to believing in what they said and obeying of their commands.

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Prayer leader - إِمامٌ

The one who leads people in prayer; in order to be followed.

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Those in authority/Rulers - أُولُو الأَمْرِ

The rulers of a country and their deputies.

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Guidance - إرْشادٌ

Guidance to what is good and beneficial either concerning to the worldly affair or the Hereafter.

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Enjoining good and forbidding evil - احْتِسابٌ

Enjoining good and forbidding evil.

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Advisory council - أهْلُ الشُّورَى

People of wise opinion and knowledge whose counsel is sought in important issues to look into and approve them.

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Reviving the Sunnah - إحْياءُ السُّنَّةِ

It is to publicly practice and call to a ritual from the rituals of Islam after it has been neglected or abandoned.

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Appointing a successor - اسْتِخْلافٌ

A state in which the imam assigns one of the worshipers to substitute him in leading the prayer due to a reason that prevents him from continuing it.

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Gentleness/Kindness - رِفْق

Gentleness and leniency in all actions, verbal and physical.

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Evil/Wrong - مُنكَرٌ

Anything that is repugnant and abhorred.

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Consultation - شُورَى

Seeking the opinion of the people of knowledge and wisdom concerning an issue in order to achieve a specific benefit for an individual or a group of people.

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Brigandage/Highway robbery - قَطْعُ الطَّرِيقِ

An individual or a gang stop people on their way, using weapons, to scare, kill, or rob them, or the like.

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Pledge of allegiance - بَيعَةٌ

Pledging allegiance to the Imam (ruler) and obeying to his commands.

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Compassion - رَأْفَةٌ

Showing extreme mercy to others in such a way that allows no harm or trouble to befall them.

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Violence - عُنْفٌ

Harshness in dealing with others, along with verbally or physically harming them.

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Adherence to mainstream Muslims - لُزُومُ الجَماعَةِ

Adhering to the truth and following it, remaining firm upon mainstream affairs, and not rebelling against the rulers.

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Anticipation of reward - اِحْتِسَابٌ

Seeking the reward of Allah in one"s words, deeds, and beliefs, and finding sufficiency in Allah in times of prosperity and hardship.

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Compassion - شَفَقَةٌ

Delicateness and softness in the heart because of an advice or love that leads to fearing for others from being afflicted by adversities.

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Community - أمة

A large group of people who share one religion, common beliefs or practices.

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Forbearance - حِلْم

Wisdom and gentleness one shows when undesirable things happen without behaving inappropriately.

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Haste - عَجَلَةٌ

Hastiness and rashness in managing the affairs.

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Disloyalty - غَدرٌ

Breaking one's covenant with Allah the Almighty or with other people.

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Faithfulness/Loyalty - وَفاءٌ

Fulfilling commitments, honoring promises, and meeting their requirements with sincerity and integrity.

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Clarification - تَبْيِينٌ

Clarifying the intended meaning with the best wording.

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Conveying - تَبْليغٌ

Conveying the Shari`ah of Allah to the creation and guiding them to the path that leads them to Him.

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Kindness/Gentleness - مداراة

Enjoining good and forbidding evil gently and wisely.

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Non-Arabic speaker - أَعْجَمِيٌّ

He who is unable to speak standard Arabic even if he is an Arab.

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Supreme leadership/ Presidency - إِمارَةٌ

The supreme leadership position in a country.

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Entourage - بِطانَةٌ

A man's close companions (his inner circle), whom he confides in and consults regarding his private and general affairs.

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Expropriation/Confiscation - مُصادَرَةٌ

The procedure wherein the ruler confiscates a specific property from its owner by force and turns it into state property without compensation to the owner.

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Harshness - شِدَّةٌ

Use of excessive force when dealing with oneself or others.

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Clarification - بيان

Clarifying the speech to the listener and revealing its meaning, whether with words or actions.

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Land of war - دار الحرب

Any territory where laws of disbelief prevail and where the Muslims have no power or authority.

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Land of the covenant - دار العهد

A land of disbelief whose people made a truce with Muslims with or without a compensation, depending on the public interest of the Muslims.

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Leadership - رِئاسَةٌ

Ruling the Muslims and being in charge of their worldly and religious affairs.

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Exposing flaws - فَضْحٌ

Disclosing the flaws of a person to make him known for them among people.

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Exasperation/Rage - غَيْظٌ

Internal rage that a person feels because of harm inflicted on him by another and his inability to vent that feeling.

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People of the opinion - أهل الرأي

Those who are qualified to offer the ruler or those in authority counsel and advice, like the scholars, elders, and others.

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War - حَرْبٌ

Fighting an external enemy by using weapons.

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Establishing testimony - إِقامَةُ الشَّهادَةِ

Testifying the due right of someone over another person based on knowledge and certainty for the sake of Allah, without any diversion, deletion, or addition.

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Harshness - جَفَاءٌ

Toughness of the heart, harshness of behavior, and alienation from people.

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Hardness of the Heart - قَسوةٌ

"Qaswah" is harshness and rigidity in the heart that drives a person towards abuse and wrongdoing rather than kindness and goodness.

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Bad example - القُدْوَةُ السَّيِّئَةُ

Anyone who is an example to be followed in evil and mischief.

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Willpower/High aspiration - عُلُوُّ الهِمَّةِ

Aspiring to the highest possible form of perfection for oneself and others and rejecting imperfection and inferiority.

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Deliberation - تَأَنِّي

Being lenient and deliberate, while seeking to do something, and not being in haste.

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Imamate/Leadership - إمامة

Full leadership of the commoners and nobles; aims at fulfilling their interests in the matters of their religion and their worldly life.

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Violating others' rights or authority - افْتِيَاتٌ

Violating others' rights or special authority without their permission.

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Taking the tenth - تَعْشِيرٌ

Obligating non-Muslims to pay one-tenth of their trade money if they move it from one Muslim country to another.

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Conveying - إِبْلاغٌ

Conveying that which contains clarification and explanation.

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Allocation - إرْصادٌ

Allocating of a share of money by the ruler from the Muslim Treasury to some of those who deserve it.

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Zakah collector - مُصَدِّقٌ

The employee appointed by the ruler or his deputy to collect due Zakah (obligatory charities) from people.

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Equipping (a soldier) - إغزاء

Equipping a soldier with money, weapons, and the like, and dispatching him to fight the enemy.

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Seeking alms - اسْتِعْطاءٌ

Asking the Imam (Muslim ruler) for alms, whether it consists of money or anything else.

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