Allah - اللهُ

The name of the Divine Essence that encompasses all the attributes of perfection, majesty, and beauty and Who is the only deity worthy of worship, apart from any other entity.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Intention - نِيَّـةٌ

The determination of the heart to do something seeking to get close to Allah Almighty.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Bowing - ركوع

Worshiping Allah Almighty by bowing the head and back in a certain manner in prayer.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Fear of Allah/Piety - تقوى

Placing a barrier between oneself and Allah’s anger and punishment by fulfilling His commands and avoiding His prohibitions.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Monotheism - توحيد

Singling Allah out in everything exclusive to Him: His Lordship, His divinity (worship), and His names and attributes; and dissociating oneself from polytheism and its people.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Tawhīd (Oneness of worship/divinity} - توحيد الألوهية

Singling out Allah Almighty with all forms of worship, the apparent and hidden, in terms of statements, deeds, and beliefs; while negating the right of worship from any entity whatsoever other than Him.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

The two testimonies of faith - الشَهادَتانِ

Saying: "Ash-hadu alla ilāha illallāh wa ash-hadu ann Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasūluh" (I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Allies/Friends of Allah - أولياء

The pious believers who are constantly mindful of Allah Almighty in all of their affairs. Hence, they obey His commands and avoid His prohibitions out of fear of His punishment and wrath, and in pursuit of His pleasure and Paradise.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Minor polytheism - شرك أصغر

Everything that the Shariah has forbidden which leads to polytheism, and has been called "Shirk" (polytheism) in the texts, and it does not reach the degree of major polytheism.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Obedience - طاعَةٌ

To do what is commanded and abstain from what is forbidden out of compliance whether in terms of statements, actions, or beliefs.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Worship - عبادة

A comprehensive name for all that is dear and pleasing to Allah Almighty of words and deeds, the hidden and apparent thereof.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Natural disposition - فطرة

Islam and monotheism.

Translated into: English French Turkish Urdu Indonesian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Islam - الإسلام

Surrendering to Allah through monotheism, submitting to Him through obedience, and disowning polytheism and polytheists.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Islamic law - الشريعة

The clear course in the religion that includes the beliefs, rulings, and ethics.

Translated into: English French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Portuguese Bengali Chinese Persian Tagalog Indian Malayalam Telgu تايلاندي

Intercession - شَفاعَةٌ

"Shafā‘ah": requesting something on behalf of someone. Other meanings: increasing, joining and partnering with.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Optimism - تَفاؤُلٌ

"Tafā’ul": deriving hope and joy from good speech. Opposite: pessimism.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Faith healing/Incantation - رُقْيَةٌ

"Ruqyah": protection, preservation. It is derived from "taraqqi", which means: ascension, elevation. Other meanings: incantation, fortification.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Oath - قَسَمٌ

"Qasam": swearing, taking an oath. It is derived from "qasāmah", which means: the oaths that are divided and distributed among the blood relatives of the slain person (the practice of clearing a person accused of murder by the oaths of others testifying to his innocence).

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Disavowal/Disassociation from polytheism - براءة من الشرك

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian Russian

Asking for help - اسْتِغاثَة

"Istighāthah": asking for help and rescue. Original meaning: support at the time of hardship.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Certitude - يقين

"Yaqīn": firmness, certitude, verification and knowledge that is free from doubt. Opposite: doubt, suspicion. Original meaning: stillness, prominence, permanence, steadiness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Attachment to other than Allah - تعلق بغير الله

Inclination of the heart towards something other than Allah in bringing about benefit or warding off harm.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Describing manner and nature - تكييف

"Takyīf": Describing the manner, form, or condition of something, like its length, width, and size. It is derived from "kayf", which means: manner, form, and essence.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Statues - تماثيل

"Timthāl" (pl. Tamāthīl): something made to resemble one of the creatures of Allah Almighty that has a soul and a form.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Humility/Modesty - تواضع

"Tawādu‘": humility, manifestation of submissiveness. Opposite: arrogance, haughtiness. It is derived from "wad‘", which means: putting down and lowering. Other meanings: humbleness, docility, gentleness

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Violation of an oath - حنث

"Hinth": major sin, wrongdoing. Opposite: fulfillment of oath. Other meanings: breaking an oath.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Awe/Fear - خشية

"Khashyah": fear coupled with knowledge and glorification. It mostly results from knowledge of what is feared. It is derived from "khashy", which means: dried plants.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Adulation - مُداهَنَةٌ

"Mudāhanah": showing something different from what one conceals.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Disobedience - مَعْصِيَةٌ

"Ma‘siyah"or "‘isyān": violating and disobeying the commandments. Opposite: obedience.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Rival - نِدٌّ

"Nidd": counterpart, equal, rival. It refers only to someone at odds with the person he resembles. Original meaning: disunion, alienation.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Hidden polytheism - شرك خفي

Associating others with Allah in intentions and actions of the heart.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Attributes of Allah's actions - صِفاتٌ فِعْلِيَّةٌ

Attributes which relate to the will of Allah, the Almighty, and whose instances recur according to His will.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Servitude - عبودية

"‘Ubūdiyyah": Obedience, closeness. Original meaning: ease, humility. Other meanings: servitude, submission.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Exaggeration with the righteous - غلو في الصالحين

Transgressing the limits of the Shariah in dealing with people of religiosity and righteousness by raising them above the status set for them by Allah Almighty and placing them in a rank that suits none but Allah. This is represented in seeking their help in adversities, circumambulating their graves, seeking blessings in the dust in which they are buried, and the like.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Russian

Disbelief of denial - كفر الجحود

"Juhūd": denial, rejection. Opposite: acknowledgment. Original meaning: scarcity of anything.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Hope - رَجاءٌ

"Rajā": hope, aspiring to something. Opposite: despair, hopelessness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Fear - خَوْفٌ

"Khawf": fear, panic. Opposite: security. Original meaning: decrease. Other meanings: cowardice, apprehension, awe, horror.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Supernatural act - كَرامَةٌ

"Karāmah": dignity, honor. It is derived from "karam", which means generosity, abundance. Opposite: stinginess. Other meanings: nobility, grace.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Excessive praise - إطراء

"Itrā’": excessive praise. It is derived from "tarāwah", which means leniency, newness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Turning in repentance - إِنابَةٌ

"Inābah’’: returning to obedience; turning to Allah in repentance.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

The Trinity - تثليث

"Tathlīth": being three in number.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Beseeching - تَضَرُّعٌ

"Tadarru‘": beseeching, imploring, subservience. It is derived from "dar‘", which means: leniency, weakness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Truth - حَقٌّ

"Al-haqq": the truth, the constant. Opposite: falsehood, error. Other meanings: what is due, necessary, certain.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Dread - رَهْبَةٌ

"Rahbah": dread, fear. It is derived from "tarhīb", which means intimidation.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Utmost truthfulness - صديقية

"Siddīqiyyah": constant, utmost truthfulness. It is derived from "siddīq", which means a person who always tells the truth and adheres to it and whose words match his deeds. Opposite of truthfulness: falsehood.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Disbelief out of defiance and arrogance - كُفْرُ الإباءِ والاسْتِكْبارِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Means/Seeking means - وسيلة

"Wasīlah": the means getting one closer to someone else. It is derived from "tawassul", which means desire, pursuit. Other meanings: cause, path to something.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Celibacy - تبتل

Abstaining from women by refraining from marriage and focusing on worship.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Inclination to monotheism/Devout religiousness - حَنَفٌ

Turning to Allah the Almighty and turning away from anything other than Him by turning from polytheism towards monotheism, and from misguidance towards uprightness.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Russian

Absolute submission - إخبات

Surrendering and submitting to Allah, the Almighty, by accepting His Shariah as well as universal orders with a fully contented heart.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Idols/Punishment - رِجْزٌ

Anything that is worshiped other than Allah.

Translated into: English French Russian

Closeness - زُلْفَى

Closeness to Allah by performing His commandments, avoiding His prohibitions, seeking His pleasure, and aid in fulfilling one's needs.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Seeking help - اسْتِنْجَادٌ

Requesting aid from someone else in times of dire need.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian Russian

Realization - المَعْرِفَةٌ

Abstract perception that entails no ruling.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Revelation-based knowledge - سَمْعِيّاتٌ

Everything that is established by the Shari`ah texts, such as Paradise, Hell, and events taking place on the Day of Resurrection.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Polytheism of supplication - شِرْكٌ في الدَّعْوَةِ

Invoking other than Allah, the Almighty, to do such things that only Allah, the Exalted, can do, like removing distress or bringing benefits.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Polytheism in intention and will - شرك النية والإرادة

When a person performs an act of worship not for the sake of Allah, the Almighty; instead, with this act of worship, they intend, completely or partially, to achieve a wordy gain, show off, or the like.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Attributes proved by textual and rational proofs. - الصِفاتُ السَمْعِيَّةٌ العَقْلِيَّةٌ

Attributes of Allah, Exalted, proved by both textual (Shar`iee) and rational proofs.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Passion/Excessive love - عِشْقٌ

Excessive love along with desire.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Good omen - فأل

Expecting goodness and hoping for it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Seeking Help - اسْتِعانَةٌ

Seeking support and help from another in fighting the enemy.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Russian

Divination arrows - قِداحٌ

The rods of arrows without feathers and blades.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Vague terms - ألفاظ مجملة

Terms that could indicate both correct and incorrect meanings in such a way that its meaning cannot be perceived except after scrutinizing and inquiry.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Dye - صِبغة

The religion of Allah Almighty, which he chose for His slaves, and the natural disposition with which He created humans.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

A form of divination - طَرْقٌ

Foretelling the unseen by drawing a line on the ground, casting pebbles, etc.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian

Enmity/Hostility - مُعاداةٌ

Showing enmity by word or action to Allah's enemies, disassociating oneself from them and keeping away from them inwardly and outwardly.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

Two Opposites/Contraries - ضِدّانِ

Two things that cannot exist together at the same time, but both can be non-existent at the same time.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Belittlement - تهاون

Negligence and belittlement of religion, while being careless about it and about fulfilling its rights.

Translated into: English French Spanish Indonesian Bosnian Russian

In agreement/Concordant - متواطئ

A word whose form and meaning are concordant

Translated into: English French Spanish Bosnian Russian

Essence - ماهِيَّةٌ

It is the answer to the question "what is it?", which helps one visualize something.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Specific union - الاتِّحادُ الخاصُّ

Believing that Allah the Almighty has united with some creatures apart from others.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Interrogative - اسْتِفْهامٌ

Asking a question to form a conception of something or to confirm it.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Anthropomorphism - تَشْبِيه

Believing that the Creator is similar to the creature in His attributes or that the creature is like the Creator.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Occurrence - حادث

Something becoming existent after being non-existent.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian

Working cattle - عَوامِل

Cattle used for work, like plowing and the like.

Translated into: English French Urdu Indonesian Russian

A nocturnal bird - هامة

A small nocturnal bird.

Translated into: English French Spanish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian