Allah - اللهُ

The name of the Divine Essence that encompasses all the attributes of perfection, majesty, and beauty and Who is the only deity worthy of worship, apart from any other entity.

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Intention - نِيَّـةٌ

The determination of the heart to do something seeking to get close to Allah Almighty.

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Bowing - ركوع

Worshiping Allah Almighty by bowing the head and back in a certain manner in prayer.

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Fear of Allah/Piety - تقوى

Placing a barrier between oneself and Allah’s anger and punishment by fulfilling His commands and avoiding His prohibitions.

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Monotheism - توحيد

Singling Allah out in everything exclusive to Him: His Lordship, His divinity (worship), and His names and attributes; and dissociating oneself from polytheism and its people.

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Tawhīd (Oneness of worship/divinity} - توحيد الألوهية

Singling out Allah Almighty with all forms of worship, the apparent and hidden, in terms of statements, deeds, and beliefs; while negating the right of worship from any entity whatsoever other than Him.

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The two testimonies of faith - الشَهادَتانِ

Saying: "Ash-hadu alla ilāha illallāh wa ash-hadu ann Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasūluh" (I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).

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Allies/Friends of Allah - أولياء

The pious believers who are constantly mindful of Allah Almighty in all of their affairs. Hence, they obey His commands and avoid His prohibitions out of fear of His punishment and wrath, and in pursuit of His pleasure and Paradise.

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Minor polytheism - شرك أصغر

Everything that the Shariah has forbidden which leads to polytheism, and has been called "Shirk" (polytheism) in the texts, and it does not reach the degree of major polytheism.

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Obedience - طاعَةٌ

To do what is commanded and abstain from what is forbidden out of compliance whether in terms of statements, actions, or beliefs.

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Worship - عبادة

A comprehensive name for all that is dear and pleasing to Allah Almighty of words and deeds, the hidden and apparent thereof.

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Natural disposition - فطرة

Islam and monotheism.

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Islam - الإسلام

Surrendering to Allah through monotheism, submitting to Him through obedience, and disowning polytheism and polytheists.

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Islamic law - الشريعة

The clear course in the religion that includes the beliefs, rulings, and ethics.

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Faith healing - رُقْيَةٌ

Seeking refuge by reciting the Qur’anic verses and supplications to preserve one's health or cure illness.

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Oath - قَسَمٌ

Emphasizing or confirming a matter by swearing by a sacred being preceded by one of the following three Arabic letters: "bā’", "waw", "tā’" (as in saying: "billāhi", "wallāhi", "tallāhi"; all mean: by Allah).

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Disavowal/Disassociation from polytheism - براءة من الشرك

To distance oneself from something while having feelings of hatred and enmity towards it.

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Certitude - يقين

Perfect knowledge of Tawhīd (Islamic monotheism), without having any doubt, distrust, and hesitation.

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Attachment to other than Allah - تعلق بغير الله

Inclination of the heart towards something other than Allah in bringing about benefit or warding off harm.

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Describing manner and nature - تكييف

Demonstrating the manner and condition of the authentic attributes of Allah, the Almighty, or inquiring about their essence.

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Statues - تماثيل

Something made to resemble one of the animate creatures of Allah the Almighty.

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Modesty/Humility - تواضع

Full obedience and submission to Allah out of love and glorification to Him and complete modesty with people out of mercy and kindness to them.

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Violation of an oath - حنث

Violating one's oath by doing what one swore not to do or by leaving what one swore to do.

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Awe/Fear - خشية

Fear of Allah Almighty, which is based upon knowledge of His greatness and His perfect sovereignty and majesty.

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Adulation - مُداهَنَةٌ

Socializing with the people of sins and showing pleasure and satisfaction with what they are doing, while having the ability to denounce it, in order to obtain a worldly gain.

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Disobedience - مَعْصِيَةٌ

Deliberately violating Allah's commandments, which incurs Allah's wrath and punishment.

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Rival - نِدٌّ

Someone/something from amongst Allah's creation that is claimed to be an equivalent and equal to Him in terms of what He alone deserves of Lordship, worship, and Names and Attributes.

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Hidden polytheism - شرك خفي

Associating others with Allah in intentions and actions of the heart.

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Attributes of Allah's actions - صِفاتٌ فِعْلِيَّةٌ

Attributes which relate to the will of Allah, the Almighty, and whose instances recur according to His will.

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Servitude - عبودية

A comprehensive word for everything that Allah loves and is pleased with from actions and statements; the apparent and hidden thereof.

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Exaggeration with the righteous - غلو في الصالحين

Transgressing the limits of the Shariah in dealing with people of religiosity and righteousness by raising them above the status set for them by Allah Almighty and placing them in a rank that suits none but Allah. This is represented in seeking their help in adversities, circumambulating their graves, seeking blessings in the dust in which they are buried, and the like.

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Denial disbelief - كفر الجحود

When one denies, within his heart or by his tongue, one of the fundamentals or rulings of Islam or any such information that is an indisputable fact in Islam.

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Hope - رَجاءٌ

Hoping for good things to happen in the future out of expecting Allah’s mercy.

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Fear - خَوْفٌ

Discomfort in one's heart due to anticipating the occurrence of something bad or losing something good.

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Supernatural abilities - كَرامَةٌ

Something supernatural that is not paired with a challenge or a claim of prophethood which Allah makes occur by His righteous slaves.

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Excessive praise - إطراء

Excessive praise that includes lying.

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Turning in repentance - إِنابَةٌ

Returning to Allah the Almighty with one's heart full of love and servitude.

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The Trinity - تثليث

The Christian belief that Allah is three: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

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Beseeching - تَضَرُّعٌ

A state in which one excessively feels in desperate need of Allah the Almighty.

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Truth - حَقٌّ

An affirmed and true fact that cannot be denied.

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Dread - رَهْبَةٌ

The heart's fleeing to Allah the Almighty in fear and dread along with doing what pleases Him.

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Utmost truthfulness - صديقية

Complete obedience to the Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, and pure sincerity to Allah, the Almighty.

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Disbelief out of defiance and arrogance - كُفْرُ الإباءِ والاسْتِكْبارِ

Abandoning the truth in such a way that one does not learn or act upon it in words, actions, or beliefs.

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Means/Seeking means - وسيلة

Any means that is used to reach a specific objective.

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Celibacy - تبتل

Abstaining from women by refraining from marriage and focusing on worship.

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Inclination to monotheism/Devout religiousness - حَنَفٌ

Turning to Allah the Almighty and turning away from anything other than Him by turning from polytheism towards monotheism, and from misguidance towards uprightness.

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Absolute submission - إخبات

Surrendering and submitting to Allah, the Almighty, by accepting His Shariah as well as universal orders with a fully contented heart.

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Idols/Punishment - رِجْزٌ

Anything that is worshiped other than Allah.

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Closeness - زُلْفَى

Closeness to Allah by performing His commandments, avoiding His prohibitions, seeking His pleasure, and aid in fulfilling one's needs.

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Seeking help - اسْتِنْجَادٌ

Requesting aid from someone else in times of dire need.

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Realization - المَعْرِفَةٌ

Abstract perception that entails no ruling.

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Revelation-based knowledge - سَمْعِيّاتٌ

Everything that is established by the Shari`ah texts, such as Paradise, Hell, and events taking place on the Day of Resurrection.

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Polytheism of supplication - شِرْكٌ في الدَّعْوَةِ

Invoking other than Allah, the Almighty, to do such things that only Allah, the Exalted, can do, like removing distress or bringing benefits.

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Polytheism in intention and will - شرك النية والإرادة

When a person performs an act of worship not for the sake of Allah, the Almighty; instead, with this act of worship, they intend, completely or partially, to achieve a wordy gain, show off, or the like.

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Attributes proved by textual and rational proofs. - الصِفاتُ السَمْعِيَّةٌ العَقْلِيَّةٌ

Attributes of Allah, Exalted, proved by both textual (Shar`iee) and rational proofs.

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Passion/Excessive love - عِشْقٌ

Excessive love along with desire.

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Good omen - فأل

Expecting goodness and hoping for it.

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Seeking Help - اسْتِعانَةٌ

Seeking support and help from another in fighting the enemy.

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Divination arrows - قِداحٌ

The rods of arrows without feathers and blades.

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Vague terms - ألفاظ مجملة

Terms that could indicate both correct and incorrect meanings in such a way that its meaning cannot be perceived except after scrutinizing and inquiry.

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Dye - صِبغة

The religion of Allah Almighty, which he chose for His slaves, and the natural disposition with which He created humans.

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A form of divination - طَرْقٌ

Foretelling the unseen by drawing a line on the ground, casting pebbles, etc.

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Enmity/Hostility - مُعاداةٌ

Showing enmity by word or action to Allah's enemies, disassociating oneself from them and keeping away from them inwardly and outwardly.

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Two Opposites/Contraries - ضِدّانِ

Two things that cannot exist together at the same time, but both can be non-existent at the same time.

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Belittlement - تهاون

Negligence and belittlement of religion, while being careless about it and about fulfilling its rights.

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In agreement/Concordant - متواطئ

A word whose form and meaning are concordant

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Essence - ماهِيَّةٌ

It is the answer to the question "what is it?", which helps one visualize something.

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Specific union - الاتِّحادُ الخاصُّ

Believing that Allah the Almighty has united with some creatures apart from others.

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Interrogative - اسْتِفْهامٌ

Asking a question to form a conception of something or to confirm it.

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Anthropomorphism - تَشْبِيه

Believing that the Creator is similar to the creature in His attributes or that the creature is like the Creator.

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Occurrence - حادث

Something becoming existent after being non-existent.

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Working cattle - عَوامِل

Cattle used for work, like plowing and the like.

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A nocturnal bird - هامة

A small nocturnal bird.

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