Translation - تَرْجَمَةٌ

Interpreting speech and rendering it from one language to another.

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Greeting of peace - السَلامٌ

The greeting said by a Muslim when he meets or leaves his fellow Muslims.

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Prayer - صَلاةٌ

A set of statements and actions that starts with Takbīr and ends with Taslīm.

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Praising Allah - تَحْمِيدٌ

Saying: "Rabbana wa lak al-hamd" (Our Lord, and all praise is due to You) upon standing upright after rising from "rukū‘" (bowing) in prayer.

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Tranquility in prayer - الطُّمَأْنِينَةٌ في الصلاة

Calmness and settlement of all parts of the body for an interval of time in all pillars of prayer.

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Row - صَفٌّ

"Saff": a straight part of anything. Original meaning of "saff" and "tasfīf": straightening things along a straight line.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Changing - تَغْيِيرٌ

"Taghyīr": changing, removing. Other meanings: shifting, distorting, abrogating, substituting.

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A sitting posture in prayer - تَوَرُّكٌ

"Tawarruk": resting on one’s hip, the part above the thigh. It is also used to refer to reclining.

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Qur’anic verse - آيَةٌ

"Āyah" (pl. āyāt"): sign, indication, a verse of the Qur’an. Other meanings: miracle, proof, evidence, wonder, admonition.

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Arabic language - عَرَبِيَّةٌ

"Al-‘Arabiyyah": the language that Arabs speak. It is derived from "ta‘rīb", which means: clarification, declaration.

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Praise - حَمْدٌ

"Hamd": praise, commendation. Opposite: dispraise. Other meanings: thankfulness.

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The Mufassal Sūrahs - الـمُفَصَّلُ

"Mufassal": something with many obviously distinct parts. It is derived from "fasl", which means: distinguishing something from another. Other meanings: clear, cut into pieces, partitioned, limited.

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Glorification - تَكْبِيرٌ

"Takbīr": glorification, exaltation. It is derived from "kibr", which means: greatness. Other meanings: declaring something great, like saying "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the Most Great).

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Seeking refuge - اسْتِعاذَةٌ

"Isti‘ādhah": seeking refuge and protection from evils. It is derived from "‘awdh" - which means safety, protection. "ma‘ādh": refuge, stronghold.

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Non-Arabic speaker - أَعْجَمِيٌّ

He who is unable to speak standard Arabic even if he is an Arab.

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Sitting posture in prayer - افْتِراشٌ

The sitting position in prayer wherein the worshiper bends his left foot underneath him and sits on it and erects his right foot so that his heel is raised and the bottom of his toes are on the ground with the toe tips pointing to the "qiblah" (prayer direction).

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Amending - تَدارُكٌ

Performing prayer or one of its acts that the worshiper has missed doing at its Shariah-assigned place as long as it permits doing so.

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Sending/Letting hands loose - إِرْسالٌ

To loosen one's both hands down straight in prayer while standing, and not to clasp them (right hand on the left).

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Saying ‘amen’ - تَأْمِينُ الدُّعاءِ

Saying ‘amen’ at the end of a supplication made by another person.

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Lowering one's head - طَأْطَأَةٌ

Lowering one's head inclining it toward the ground during prayer.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Silence - سُكُوتٌ

"Sukūt" is a state in which the person praying behind the Imam does not recite loudly in a congregational prayer when the Imam recites with an audible voice.

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Relying on/Leaning against - اسْتِنادٌ

Leaning against something and relying on it.

Translated into: English Urdu Indonesian

Replacing - إبدال

Replacing a letter with another or a vowel mark with another during the recitation of the Qur’an in prayer.

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Transfer/Shifting - انْتِقالٌ

Moving in prayer from one pillar to another, or from one intention to another.

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Outward appearance - هَيْئَةٌ

The visible outward state of something.

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Weeping - بُكَاءٌ

Shedding tears because of fear, grief, and the like.

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Transferring/Changing - تَحْوِيلٌ

Changing the side of a garment from the right to the left or the otherwise.

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Low tone in prayer (n) - إِخفْاءٌ

Lowering one's voice in prayer, rather than using a high tone, while reciting the Qur’an for instance.

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Sitting posture in prayer - اِسْتِيْفَازٌ

When a person sits during prayer with his buttocks stuck to the ground, his legs held upright, and his hands placed on the ground.

Translated into: English Russian

Hastening - إِسْرَاعٌ

Performing something at its earliest time

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