Declaring someone a disbeliever - تَكْفِيرٌ

Judging a Muslim to be an apostate.

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Disbelief - كُفْرٌ

It is the opposite of Islam or a statement, act, belief, doubt, or neglect of an obligation which takes one out of the fold of Islam.

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Misguidance - ضلال

Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.

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Ostentation/Show off - رياء

Performing an act of worship for something other than the sake of Allah Almighty, such as doing it in order to be seen and praised by people.

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Divination - عِرافَةٌ

"‘Irāfah": the profession of the fortune-teller, soothsayer, or astrologer who claim to know the unseen and the future.

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Idolater - وَثَنِيٌّ

"Wathani": idolater, idol worshiper, pagan. "Wathaniyyah": worship of idols and stones. it is derived from "wathan", which means: an idol or stone that is worshiped. "Wathan" is derived from "wathn", which means: steadiness. "Wathn" also means: power, plenty.

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Attachment to other than Allah - تعلق بغير الله

Inclination of the heart towards something other than Allah in bringing about benefit or warding off harm.

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Statues - تماثيل

"Timthāl" (pl. Tamāthīl): something made to resemble one of the creatures of Allah Almighty that has a soul and a form.

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Unity of existence - وحدة الوجود

A belief based on the claim that the existence of Allah and the existence of His creation are one and the same.

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Talisman - طلسم

"Tilsam" (or talsam): an undisclosed thing. "Mutalsam": undisclosed, obscure. "Talsamah": reading or writing something obscure. It is an Arabicized Greek term that refers to anything that is obscure and enigmatic, such as riddles and puzzles. it is said to be derived from "talsamah", which means: changing a thing and transforming it from one state to another.

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Minor hypocrisy - نفاق أصغر

Nonconformity between what one reveals and what he conceals when it comes to duties by revealing obedience and concealing disobedience.

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Aversion caused by magic - صَرف

Magic aimed at separating the spouses and causing hatred and dislike between them.

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Disbelief of denial - كفر الجحود

"Juhūd": denial, rejection. Opposite: acknowledgment. Original meaning: scarcity of anything.

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Deviation from divine signs - الإلحاد في آيات الله

Tījāniyyah

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Excessive praise - إطراء

"Itrā’": excessive praise. It is derived from "tarāwah", which means leniency, newness.

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Deviation - إِلْحادٌ

"Ilhād": deviating and turning away from something. It is derived from "lahd", which means: the niche dug on the side of the grave, not the middle. Other meanings: oppression, deviation from uprightness, religion, or the truth.

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Soothsayer - عراف

"‘Arrāf": hyperbolic form of the word "‘ārif"," which refers to soothsayers, fortune-tellers, and astrologers who claim to have knowledge of the unseen and the future.

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Disbelief out of defiance and arrogance - كُفْرُ الإباءِ والاسْتِكْبارِ

Tījāniyyah

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Major disbelief - كفر أكبر

Tījāniyyah

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Minor disbelief - كُفْرٌ أَصْغَر

Tījāniyyah

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Being hostile towards Allah and His Messenger - محاربة لله ورسوله

Tījāniyyah

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Seeking rain from stars - استسقاء بالأنواء

Seeking rain from or attributing rainfall to the stars deducing it from their setting and rising.

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Taking as allies - تولي

Loving polytheism and the polytheists; supporting the disbelievers financially, physically, and with counsel; lending them support against Muslims, praising and defending them.

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Sealing - طَبْعٌ

Covering a person's heart to make him heedless of doing what benefits him and abandoning what harms him.

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Taking omens from birds - عِيافَةٌ

Claiming knowledge of the unseen by observing movements of the birds, their sounds and the like.

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Denial - إِنْكارٌ

Denial of something by one's heart and tongue and rejection to believe in the truth or admit it.

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Skepticism/Doubtfulness - ريب

Doubt coupled with internal anxiety and confusion, resulting in baseless ill assumption and accusation.

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Opposing Allah and His Messenger - محادة لله ورسوله

Opposing Allah and His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, and obstinately defying them while showing animosity to Islam and the Muslims.

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Requesting repentance - اسْتِتابَةٌ

Asking a person who was formerly Muslim and became an apostate (a disbeliever) to repent and return to Islam.

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Transfer of inheritance - تَناسُخٌ

The transfer of the share of an heir to his own heirs by his death before the estate of the first deceased is divided.

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Objection - اعتراض

The abstention of the heart and the limbs from showing contentment, submission, and compliance with the truth.

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