Exceeding the Shariah-permitted limit in beliefs or actions.
Introducing a new way in the religion for the purpose of exaggerating in worshiping Allah Almighty.
Acting upon something other than the truth, whether in terms of speech, deeds, or beliefs.
Everything newly introduced in the religion, beliefs and acts of worship, without any proof from Shariah.
"Tanattu‘": going deep into something and exaggerating and bragging about it. It is derived from "nati‘", which is the palate (the top part of the inside of the mouth). Then it came to be used for all types of exaggeration in words and actions.
“Fitan” (sing. fitnah): trials, tests, tribulations. It is derived from “fatn”, which means: burning.
Associating others with Allah in intentions and actions of the heart.
"Tanfīr": pushing away, repelling. Original meaning: impelling someone to run away and escape. Opposite: endearing, giving good news.
"Tawassut": being straight and level. Original meaning: uprightness, moderateness. Other meanings: choosing what is best.
Transgressing the limits of the Shariah in dealing with people of religiosity and righteousness by raising them above the status set for them by Allah Almighty and placing them in a rank that suits none but Allah. This is represented in seeking their help in adversities, circumambulating their graves, seeking blessings in the dust in which they are buried, and the like.
"Ittibā‘": following, imitating. Original meaning: tracing the steps of walker and walking after him.
All what goes against the Qur’an, the Sunnah, or the consensus of the early Muslim generations ("salaf") of beliefs and forms of worship which people have invented in the religion based on their personal desires and opinions.
Inspiration that Allah casts into a person's heart to urge him to either do something or avoid it.
Extremism in worship, abandoning the worldly life, and refraining from mixing with people.
Abstaining from women by refraining from marriage and focusing on worship.
Parting company with the main Muslim body by opposing the scholars' consensus and what is valid and correct.
Invoking other than Allah, the Almighty, to do such things that only Allah, the Exalted, can do, like removing distress or bringing benefits.
Excessive love along with desire.
Turning away from the truth and its people.
Disappearance of the Imam from people and his reappearance in the future.
A person detached from his will, in admiration of his shaykh (mentor), submitting to him, detached from all other things in devotion to Allah, the Exalted, and turning to Him in totality.
Separating from Ahl-us-Sunnah wa al-Jamā‘ah regarding any of the unequivocal principles of religion that are authentically established by definitive text or consensus, whether they are related to beliefs or actions or to the supreme interests of the Muslim nation, such as armed rebellion against the Muslim leaders and their communities.
A state that comes upon the heart and makes one unaware of his thoughts and presence.
The known specific meaning that is indicated by a name/noun.
Adopting a hard-line approach in worship and exceeding the proper limits with regards to the religious commands and prohibitions.
Meanings and perceptions that pass in the heart without one's intention or effort and that do not last.