Copy of the Qur’an - مُصْحَفٌ

The collection of sheets and papers on which the Noble Qur’an is written with all its verses and Surahs arranged in the same order upon which the Muslims agreed during the era of ‘Uthmān (may Allah be pleased with him).

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Surah/Chapter of the Qur’an - سُورةٌ

A distinctive set of verses from the Qur’an that has a beginning and an end, a special name, and a minimum of three verses.

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Supplication - دُعَاء

Drawing close to Allah Almighty by obeying Him or by invoking Him while hoping for His bounty and fearing His punishment.

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Measured recitation of the Qur’an - تَرْتِيلٌ

"Tartīl": arranging, organizing. Other meanings: deliberateness, clarifying, improving.

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Thankfulness - شُكْرٌ

"Shukr": acknowledging and mentioning the favors of others. It also means: praising someone for a favor he has done. Opposite: ingratitude.

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Vow - نذر

"Nadhr": something a person makes obligatory and binding upon himself.

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Tranquility - سَكِينَةٌ

"Sakīnah": tranquility. It is derived from "sukūn", which originally indicates firmness and stability. Other meanings: solemnity, serenity.

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Sub-parts of the Qur’an - أَحْزَابُ القُرْآنِ

Consecutive portions of the Qur’an that are marked by a certain sign in the "mus'haf" (physical copy of the Qur’an). They are well coordinated and are read uninterruptedly within a known time frame.

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Sending down the Qur’an - إِنْزَالُ القُرْآنِ

Sending the Qur’an down to the lowest heaven all at once, then sending it down to Muhammad, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, through Jibreel (Gabriel), peace be upon him, after hearing it from Allah.

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The Mufassal Sūrahs - الـمُفَصَّلُ

"Mufassal": something with many obviously distinct parts. It is derived from "fasl", which means: distinguishing something from another. Other meanings: clear, cut into pieces, partitioned, limited.

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The Makkan Qur’anic revelations - الـمَكِّي

"Makki": an adjective derived from the name of Makkah.

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Promise - وعد

"Wa‘d": telling about doing something for someone in the future. Opposite: threat, warning.

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Divine threat - وعيد

"Wa‘īd": threatening, intimidation, and informing about doing something in the future.

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Scribes of the Revelation - كتاب الوحي

The Companions whom the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, assigned to write down and record the Qur’an that was revealed to him.

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The Verse of Bequest - آيَةُ الوَصِيَّةِ

Verse number 180 of Sūrat al-Baqarah, wherein Allah speaks about bequeathing wealth to the heirs.

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The Prophet's last revision of the Qur’an with Jibreel (Gabriel) - العَرْضَةُ الأَخِيرَةُ

The recitation of the entire Qur’an by the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, twice before Jibreel, peace be upon him, in the year the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, passed away.

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"Mus-hafs" of the Companions - مَصَاحِفُ الصَّحَابَةِ

The "mus-hafs" (physical copies) of the Qur’an that some of the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, transcribed for themselves and which were named after them.

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