Usury - رِبا

A stipulated increase with no exchange for credit in return for delaying the settlement of a due debt. It is also an increase or a delay in cash on selling things of a specified type on the spot.

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Prohibited sale transactions - بُيوعٌ مَنْهِيٌّ عنها

Sale transactions that are prohibited under Shariah.

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Deception/Fraud - تَدْلِيسٌ

"Tadlīs": hiding, concealing. Other meanings: deception, cheating, betrayal, decrease.

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False offer of a higher price to cheat the buyer - نَجْشٌ

"Najsh": provoking and extracting something. It is said to originally mean: praising and flattering.

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Sale with immediate repurchase - عِينَةٌ

"‘Īnah": An advance or loan. It is derived from "‘ayn", which means money, or from "i‘ānah", which is assistance. Other meanings: purchase or sale on credit.

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Cheating - غِشٌّ

"Ghishsh": showing something and concealing the opposite. Opposite: sincerity. It is derived from "ghashash", which means: muddied, unclear water.

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Buying on credit and selling for cash - تَوَرُّقٌ

"Tawarruq": asking for papers, eating papers. It is derived from "wariq", which means silver dirhams.

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Seizing/Taking into possession - قَبْضٌ

"Qabd": taking something in one’s full grip. Original meaning: accumulating and assembling. Other meanings: ability, seizing.

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Trick - حِيلَةٌ

"Hīlah": what is used as a means to reach something secretly. It is derived from "hawl", which means: a shift from one state to another in a secret manner. It is mostly used to denote malice.

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Usurpation - اِغْتِصابٌ

"Ightisāb": taking something in an oppressive and unjust manner and by force. It is derived from "ghasb", which means: compulsion.

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Mother of the child (slave girl) - أُمُّ الوَلَدِ

A female slave impregnated by her master who then gave birth, whether the newborn was alive or dead.

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Pile/Heap - صُبْرَةٌ

A pile or heap of something without a known weight or measurement.

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Bullets - بُنْدُقٌ

Anything that could be used as a shot, whether it is made of stone, clay, iron, or the like.

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Sale without estimation - بَيْعُ الجُزافِ

Selling or buying something wholesale without estimation by measuring, weighing, or counting.

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Pebble sale - بَيْعُ الحَصاةِ

A sale transaction contingent upon tossing a pebble.

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Sale by city-dweller on behalf of desert-dweller - بَيْعُ الحاضِرِ لِلْبادِي

The sale in which a person who lives in a city or village sells goods on behalf of another who lives in the desert, or on behalf of a non-resident, even if he is not a Bedouin.

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Selling what is not fully possessed - بَيْعُ ما لَـمْ يُقْبَضْ

Selling something before having full possession of it and authority to dispose of it.

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Two sales in one contract - بَيْعَتانِ في بَيْعَةٍ

Making two sale agreements in one contract

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Deceit/Fraudulence (in a sale transaction) - تَغْرِيرٌ

Exposing oneself or someone else to deceit, risk, or destruction.

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Sharecropping - مُزارَعَةٌ

Giving a piece of land to someone to cultivate it in exchange for receiving a share of its produce such as the half or so.

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Flute - مِزْمارٌ

A wooden musical instrument in the shape of a tube with holes along its length and an opening at each end. The flute player blows into the opening to produce sounds.

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Undervaluing - بَخْسٌ

Unfair price-cutting in sale or purchase.

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Sale with exception/Return sale - بَيْعُ الثُّنْيَا

Sale with the condition that whenever the seller pays back the money, the buyer must return the purchased item.

Translated into: English Urdu

Share in water - شِرْبٌ

The time interval allocated for benefiting from water in irrigation or cultivation and the like.

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Eggs - بَيْضٌ

It is what female animals such as birds and fish lay, from which their offspring emerge.

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The last night of the month - سِرارٌ

The last night of the (lunar) month.

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Pig - خِنْزِيرٌ

An evil mammalian, terrestrial, ugly animal.

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Dog - كَلْبٌ

A canine; a domestic tame animal that barks and has fangs.

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Gifting tree produce - إِعْرَاءٌ

Granting others the produce of trees free of charge for a limited period of time.

Translated into: English Urdu Russian

Lost/Missing - ضائِعٌ

That which is missing other than animals, like people and properties.

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Male animal rented for mating - عَسْبُ الفَحْلِ

A male animal copulating with a female animal, or using its semen.

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