Tenth of Muharram - عاشُوراءُ

The tenth day of the month of Muharram.

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Cleansing with stones - اسْتِجْمارٌ

"Istijmār": cleansing the private parts after answering the call of nature with "jimār", i.e. small stones.

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Family - أَهْلٌ

"Ahl": family, close relatives. It also refers to a person’s followers and companions. A man’s "ahl" is his wife and close family members.

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Mourning - إحْدادٌ

"Ihdād": giving up or refraining from something, such as when a woman gives up her charms and adornments after her husband’s death. It is derived from "hadd", which means: barring and isolating two things.

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Lengthening the garment - إِسْبالٌ

"Isbāl": letting down. Original meaning: to let something hang down from a high place to a lower one, or extending something.

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Removing facial hair - نَمْصٌ

"Nams": plucking hair. It is also said to mean: plucking facial hair.

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Unveiling - سُفُورٌ

"Sufūr": uncovering, exposing, clarity. Travel was named "safar" because it exposes people’s true character.

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Partial head shaving - قَزَعٌ

"Qaza‘" (sing. qaza‘ah): a piece of cloud. Original meaning: dispersal, scattering. Other meanings: shaving parts of the head and leaving other parts unshaven.

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Head covering - اِخْتِمارٌ

"Ikhtimār": a woman's covering of her head with a veil. It is derived from "khimār", which means: what covers the head and part of the face of a woman; anything that covers something else.

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Sitting posture in prayer - افْتِراشٌ

The sitting position in prayer wherein the worshiper bends his left foot underneath him and sits on it and erects his right foot so that his heel is raised and the bottom of his toes are on the ground with the toe tips pointing to the "qiblah" (prayer direction).

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Using antimony (eyeliner) - اكْتِحالٌ

Using antimony (eyeliner) in the eyelids for beautification or remedy.

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Phalanxes (bones) - سُلامَى

Bones of the fingers and toes.

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Perfume - عِطْرٌ

Everything that has a pleasant smell and can be used as perfume.

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Clothing - لِباسٌ

Anything that covers the body or part of it, whether made of wool, leather or the like.

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Armor - دِرْعٌ

What a warrior wears to protect his body from the enemy’s weapons.

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Effacement - طمس

It is to change the shape of images to the point that they no longer resemble the creation of Allah, the Almighty.

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Turban - عِمامَةٌ

A long piece of cloth wrapped around the head in a round shape.

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Camel and Rabbit Hair - وَبَرٌ

The hair that grows on the skin of camels and rabbits.

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Wool - صُوفٌ

It is what grows on the skin of the sheep.

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Wearing a ring - تخَتُّمٌ

To wear a ring on one's finger.

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Wife's household items - شَوْرَةٌ

Everything that the wife possesses in her marital house.

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Clothes - أَلْبِسَةٌ

Anything that covers one's body or part of it, whether it is made of wool, leather, or the like.

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Combing one's hair - اِمْتِشاطٌ

Combing, brushing, cleaning, and beautifying the hair.

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Hairless/Beardless - أَجْرَدُ

A man who has no facial hair though he is past puberty.

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Divorcee's adornment - تَشَوُّفٌ

The divorced woman beautifying herself and presenting herself to her husband to tempt him to take her back (in case of a revocable divorce).

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Raw silk - إِبْرَيْسَمٌ

Silk that is disentangled before the worm leaves the cocoon.

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Antimony - إِثْمِدٌ

A black reddish stone that is crushed to powder and used as kohl (eyeliner).

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Dye/Pigment - صَبْغٌ

A substance used to dye clothing and the like.

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Wearing a necklace or belt around the neck - تَقَلُّدٌ

Placing a necklace or belt around the neck.

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Silk - حَرِيرٌ

Soft garments woven from thin natural threads produced by the silkworm.

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Cap - قَلَنسُوَةٌ [قُلَنسِيَةٌ]

A skullcap that is worn on the head and around which a turban is wreathed.

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Agate - عَقِيقٌ

A precious stone of different colors used for the purpose of adornment.

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Unveiling - كَشْفٌ

Removing the cover off something and disclosing it.

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Kohl - كُحْلٌ

A dry powdery substance which is applied to the eyes or eyelids as a remedy or as a cosmetic.

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Dressing shabbily - تَبَذُّلٌ

To refrain from adornment and wear shabby clothes.

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Ornamentation/Wearing jewelry - تحْلِيَةٌ

The jewelry a woman wears, which can be of gold, silver, or the like; or to put it on someone else.

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Jugular vein - أَخْدَعٌ

A hidden vein on the sides of the neck, where cupping is performed.

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Someone with smelly armpits - أَذْفَرُ

A man who has smelly armpits.

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Letting the garment hang down - إسدال

Wearing the garment over one's head or shoulders and letting its edges hang down on both sides, without lifting any of them, while wearing what covers one's "‘awrah" (what should be covered of the body).

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Sash - وِشَاحٌ

A long piece of fabric adorned with jewels that a woman wears over the shoulder and across the waist.

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Persian shawl - طَيْلَسان

A piece of clothing which a man puts on his shoulders, head, and back. It is worn over the clothes, and is not sewn or tailored.

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Shaping - صِياغَةٌ

Making jewelry from gold and silver for the purpose of beautification and adornment.

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