Voluntary prayer - صَلاةُ التَّطوُّعِ

The voluntary prayers that Allah Almighty legislated as extra to the obligatory prayers.

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Witr prayer - صَلاةُ الوِتْرِ

A prayer performed between ‘Ishā’ prayer and the break of dawn to conclude the night prayer.

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Regular Sunnah prayers - السُّنَنُ الرَّواتِبُ

The confirmed Sunnah prayers which are performed before or after the obligatory prayers.

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Eid prayers - صَلاةُ العِيدَينِ

A two-Rak‘ah prayer that is performed in a specific manner on the day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Ad-ha.

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Supererogatory prayer - صَلاةُ النَّافِلَةِ

Voluntary prayers legislated in addition to the five obligatory prayers.

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Voluntary night prayer - قِيامُ اللَّيْلِ

Tījāniyyah

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Circumambulation Prayer - صَلاةُ الطَّوافِ

Tījāniyyah

Translated into: English Indonesian

Sacrificial animal - أُضْحِيَّةٌ

"Ud'hiyah": a name given to the animal that one slaughters as a sacrifice to Allah. It originally refers to the animal slaughtered on the Day of Nahr (Eid al-Ad'ha, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah).

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Late supererogatory night prayer - تهجد

"Tahajjud": getting up from sleep. It is originally derived from "hujūd", which means sleep in the night.

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Prayer for rain - صَلاةُ الاسْتِسْقاءِ

Tījāniyyah

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Pulpit - مِنْبَرٌ

"Minbar": a raised place. It is derived from the "nabr", which means: rising above ground level.

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Voluntary night prayer in Ramadan - تراويح

"Tarāweih" (sing. tarwīhah): rest, taking rest, a prayer which contains rest. It is derived from "rawh", which means expansion and wideness. This prayer is called "Tarāweih" because the people rest after every four rak‘ahs.

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Feast day/Festival - عِيدٌ

"‘Īd": return, recurrence, any day where there is a gathering. It is either derived from "‘āda", which is the past tense of the verb "return", or from "‘ādah", which means habit.

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The Night of Decree - لَيْلَةُ القَدْرِ

Tījāniyyah

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Shaf‘ prayer (a type of night prayer) - شَفْعٌ

"Shaf‘": even number. It is any number that can be equally divided by two, like two and ten. Opposite: "witr" (single, odd). Original meaning: joining two things. Other meanings: increase, association.

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Night worship - إحْياءُ اللَّيْلِ

Filling the night, or most of it, with acts of worship such as the prayer, remembrance of Allah, reciting the Qur’an, and so on.

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Day of Sacrifice - يَوْمُ النَّحْرِ

The tenth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. It is the day of Eid al-Adha.

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Large city/Metropolis - مِصْرٌ

Any big city that has a ruler who applies the rulings of the Shariah and carries out the corporal punishments prescribed for crimes.

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Sunrise - إشراق

The time of offering the "Duha" (forenoon) prayer begins after the sun has risen with the brightest light and by the height of a spear.

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Lying down - اضْطِجاعٌ

Lying down on the ground on one's side.

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Shawwaal (10th lunar month) - شَوّالٌ

The month that comes after the month of Ramadan.

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Night - لَيْلٌ

The time between sunset and the break of the true dawn.

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Delaying voluntary prayer - تَعْقِيبٌ

Performing the voluntary prayer after the "Tarāweeh" (voluntary prayer performed after the ‘Ishā’ in Ramadan).

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Attending Friday sermon from the beginning - اِبْتِكارٌ

Catching the beginning of the Friday sermon as the imam starts to deliver it.

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