"‘Ird": honor, esteem. It is said to be anything for which a person is praised or dispraised.
"Fāhishah": bad and objectionable speech or deed. It is derived from "fuhsh", which is ugliness and horribleness. Other meanings: adultery.
"Furqah": separation, estrangement. Opposite: connection, bond.
"La‘n": expelling, banishing. "La‘n" among people refers to reviling and name-calling.
Joining a child who is of unknown lineage to the man who claims to be his father if certain conditions are met.
A person's ascription to his paternal line of relatives (his father's family lineage).
Removing the bond of marriage between a man and a woman and cancelling the marriage contract between them.
Repelling something and preventing it from happening
Waiving the corporal penalty for a valid reason.
A statement by which a person requests establishing his due right upon another person.
Refusing to take an oath that is required by the Shariah.
Testimonies given by the spouses against one another, supported by oaths that involve an invocation of Allah's curse on the part of the husband and an invocation of Allah's wrath on the part of the wife.
False accusation of adultry without evidence.
The embryo inside the female's womb.
The four verses of Sūrat-un-Noor that explain the rulings of the "li‘ān" (oath of condemnation), which is sworn by the two spouses, in detail
A man's claim that he is the father of a person whose lineage is unknown.
The established relationship of the descendants to their parents and grandparents by reproduction, such as the sons to the fathers and the like.
The affirmation of parentage and attribution of the child to the father, which could be done on account of a valid reason to establish paternity, such as a valid marriage and the like.
Discerning lineage through insight and inspecting resemblances in the face and body parts.