Translation - تَرْجَمَةٌ

Interpreting speech and rendering it from one language to another.

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Deduction from the Qur’an - اسْتِنْبَاطٌ

"Istinbāt": extracting. It is derived from "nabt", which means: appearance of something that was hidden. Other meanings: deriving, discovering.

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Principles of exegesis - أُصُولُ التَّفْسِيرِ

A set of correct rules and methods that are needed to figure out the meanings of the noble Qur’an.

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Clear/Unambiguous verses - الآيَاتُ المُحْكَمَةُ

The clear, unambiguous verses whose meaning is not hidden from anyone.

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Judeo-Christian reports - إِسْرَائِيلِيَات

"Isrā’īliyyāt" (sing. Isrā’īliyyah): an ascription to the Children of Israel. The word Israel originally refers to Prophet Ya‘qūb (Jacob), son of Prophet Is'hāq (Isāc), son of Prophet Ibrahīm (Abraham). It is a non-Arabic term, which means a servant of Allah. Therefore, the Children of Israel are the descendants of Prophet Ya‘qūb

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Difference based on variation - اخْتِلَافُ التَّنَوُّعِ

Conflict between two or more valid non-contradictory opinions which can be reconciled.

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Interpretation/Allegorical interpretation - تَأوِيلٌ

Replacing the apparent meaning of the word with another different meaning.

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Divergence of exegetes - اخْتِلَافُ الـمُفَسِّرِينَ

The exegetes' difference of opinion on the meaning of a Qur’anic verse, word, ruling, or the like.

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Unfamiliar words of the Qur’an - غَرِيبُ القُرْآنِ

Qur’anic words that need clarification of their meanings.

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Invalid reports and opinions cited in Qur’anic exegeses - الدَّخِيلُ فِي التَّفْسِيرِ

All false reports and invalid opinions cited in the Qur’anic exegeses.

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