The increase of a believer’s faith due to performing acts of obedience and goodness, and its decrease on account of committing sins and prohibitions.
The first four Caliphs, who successively ruled Muslims after the Prophet’s death. They are Abu Bakr as-Siddīq, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb, ‘Uthmān ibn ‘Affān, and ‘Ali ibn Abi Tālib (may Allah be pleased with them).
Deviation from the truth, intentionally or unintentionally.
Any sin that entails a prescribed punishment in this life or a threat of punishment in the Hereafter or leads to curse, wrath, or negation of faith.
"Fāsiq": one who departs from obedience and uprightness. Original meaning: something exiting something else in order to corrupt it.
"Khushū‘": submission, quiescence, subservience. A person who has "khushū‘" in their prayer is wholeheartedly engaged in it. Other meanings: calm, peacefulness.
"Yaqīn": firmness, certitude, verification and knowledge that is free from doubt. Opposite: doubt, suspicion. Original meaning: stillness, prominence, permanence, steadiness.
All the intentions, deeds, and words that Allah the Exalted loves and is pleased with and that bring one closer to Him.
Weakness of faith that afflicts the believers when they commit acts of disobedience and prohibitions.
"Ya’s": despair. Opposite: hope. "Ya’s" is to lose hope for something.
"Ma‘siyah"or "‘isyān": violating and disobeying the commandments. Opposite: obedience.
Performing what is within one's ability of the obligatory and voluntary acts of worship, along with abandoning all prohibitions, which entitles him to be admitted into Paradise and saved from Hell.
A description of the least amount of faith that a Muslim should have, without which his Islam would be invalid.
"Saghā’ir" (sing. saghīrah): simple, insignificant. It is derived from "sighar", which means: littleness. Opposite: great and serious things. Other meanings: subtle, minute.
"Fujūr": immorality and disobedience, like lying and adultery. Original meaning: going forth, spreading. It is also said to mean "tilting", as a "fāsiq" swerves away from the truth.
"Thabāt": stillness, stability. Original meaning: continuity, permanence. Opposite: end, coming to a halt. Other meanings: uprightness, adherence.
"Ihbāt": annulment, invalidation. It is derived from "habt", which means: an animal eating so much fodder that its belly swells and then dies.
"‘Isyān": disobedience, contradiction. Opposite: obedience, compliance. It is derived from "‘asw", which means: pulling, collecting.
"Fuhsh": ugly and evil speech or deed. Original meaning: increase, exceeding the limit.
"Karāmah": dignity, honor. It is derived from "karam", which means generosity, abundance. Opposite: stinginess. Other meanings: nobility, grace.
The foundations upon which something is established and without which it cannot be achieved.
"Irjā’": delaying, postponing, granting respite. Other meanings: giving "rajā’" (hope).
"Taqiyyah": caution, seeking protection from evil and harm.
"Siddīqiyyah": constant, utmost truthfulness. It is derived from "siddīq", which means a person who always tells the truth and adheres to it and whose words match his deeds. Opposite of truthfulness: falsehood.
A comprehensive word that refers to all acts of righteousness and obedience, including the beliefs, deeds, and statements.
Abstract perception that entails no ruling.
Everything that Allah and His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, have prohibited from committing or violating.
The darkness of sins that covers the heart and pervades it until it blinds it from seeing the truth and submitting to it.
Doubt coupled with internal anxiety and confusion, resulting in baseless ill assumption and accusation.
Major or minor sins that one commits.
Disobedience of Allah The Almighty and His Messenger, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, by abandoning religious obligations or committing prohibitions.
The rebellious evil jinn that is cunning and malicious.