"Tajwīd": improvement, beautification, perfection, adornment.
"Itqān": doing something and learning it precisely, perfectly, correctly, and accurately.
"Tasmiyah": to mention the name or position of something. Other meanings: to define, specify. It is derived from "sumuww" - which means: highness, elevation - and from "simah", which means: mark.
"Lahn": error, departure from what is correct. Original meaning: tilting something from its right position. Other meanings: voice, improvement of speech, singing.
A mode of recitation adopted by one of the leading reciters of the Qur’an which is different from the methods of others in pronunciation of the letters of the Qur’an or their orthography and diacritical marks.
Slow and measured recitation in which the meanings are pondered and the rules are observed with the purpose of teaching.
Rapid recitation of the Qur’an while observing the rules of "tajweed" (rules governing pronunciation during the recitation of the Qur’an).
Changing the sound of the vowelless letter "noon" or "tanween" (nunation) into the sound of the letter "meem" when followed by the letter "bā", while observing "ghunnah" (nasalization) and "ikhfā’" (slightly hide and lengthen the "noon" sound of the vowelless "noon" and "tanween").
Any beautiful sound that a person enjoys listening to.
Replacing a letter with another or a vowel mark with another during the recitation of the Qur’an in prayer.
Inability to pronounce some Arabic letters correctly either by leaving out a letter, replacing it, or repeating it.