Debt - دَيْنٌ

"Dayn": debt. It is derived from "dāna". Original meaning: submission, humiliation. It also means: delay. "Dayn" was called as such because of the humiliation it involves, or because its settlement is delayed to a future date.

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Mortgage - رَهْنٌ

"Rahn": constancy, permanence, withholding, sticking to something.

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Minor - قاصِرٌ

"َQāsir": one incapable of doing something. It is derived from "qusūr", which originally means: not reaching the end. Other meanings: insane person, such as a child, a demented person, or a maniac.

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Milch camel/sheep - لَبُونٌ

Camel or sheep that bears milk.

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Contract annulment choice - خِيارُ التَّصْرِيَةِ

Buyer’s right to cancel or continue the sale contract of an animal if the seller deceived him by falsely showing that the animal produces a large amount of milk.

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Settlement of debts - قَضَاءُ الْحَقِّ

"Qadā’ al-haqq": repayment of debt and delivering it to the creditor.

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Repurchase-option sale - بَيْعُ الوَفاءِ

Sale with the condition that whenever the seller refunds the purchase price, the buyer shall return the sold item.

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Armor - دِرْعٌ

What a warrior wears to protect his body from the enemy’s weapons.

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Authentication - اِسْتِيْثَاقٌ

Seeking the establishment and affirmation of a right through a certain means with the purpose of preserving it.

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Debt clearing/Debt set-off - تَقاصٍّ

Mutual debt cancellation.

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Releasing - اِفْتِكَاكٌ

Releasing something from the possession of someone else by fulfilling what is owed to that person.

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