"Qadā’": judging; decreeing; resolving (a dispute). "Qādi": judge; the one who judges and settles the dispute. Other meanings: completion, accomplishment.
"Qādi": judge; a person who decides matters and settles them with his judgment.
"I‘fā’": increasing and growing. "‘Āfi": a person with long hair. "‘Afw": leftover and remnants of something, leaving out the punishment. It is derived from "‘afā’", which means: leaving. Other meanings: increase, elongation, release, letting go, acquittal, deliverance.
The agreement of two opponents to accept the judgment of a certain person on resolving the dispute between them.
It refers to an adult and sane Muslim who shuns major sins and does not persist in minor ones, and he mostly behaves correctly and refrains from such acts that prejudice the sense of honor.
A person whom the judge relies upon and refers to in order to determine the reliability of a witness.