عرض الترجمات الإنجليزية

الدَّعوة إلى الله

English Calling to Allah

الدَّلالَةُ إلَى الْإِيمَانِ بِاللهِ وَبِمَا جَاءَتْ بِهِ رُسُلُهُ بِتَصْدِيقِهِمْ فِيمَا أَخْبَرُوا بِهِ وَطَاعَتِهِمْ فِيمَا أَمَرُوا.

English Guiding to belief in Allah Almighty and what was brought by His messengers, and to believing in what they said and obeying of their commands.

الدَّعْوَةُ إلَى اللَّهِ هِيَ: الدَّعْوَةُ إلَى الْإِيمَانِ بِهِ وَبِمَا جَاءَتْ بِهِ رُسُلُهُ؛ بِتَصْدِيقِهِمْ فِيمَا أَخْبَرُوا بِهِ وَطَاعَتِهِمْ فِيمَا أَمَرُوا، وَذَلِكَ يَتَضَمَّنُ الدَّعْوَةَ إلَى الشَّهَادَتَيْنِ وَإِقَامَ الصَّلَاةِ وَإِيتَاءَ الزَّكَاةِ وَصَوْمَ رَمَضَانَ وَحَجَّ الْبَيْتِ وَالدَّعْوَةَ إلَى الْإِيمَانِ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ، وَالْبَعْثَ بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ، وَالْإِيمَانَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِ، وَالدَّعْوَةَ إلَى أَنْ يَعْبُدَ الْعَبْدُ رَبَّهُ كَأَنَّهُ يَرَاهُ، فَإِنَّ هَذِهِ الدَّرَجَاتِ الثَّلَاثَ الَّتِي هِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ والْإِيمَانُ والْإِحْسَانُ دَاخِلَةٌ فِي الدِّينِ كَمَا قَالَ فِي الْحَدِيثِ الصَّحِيحِ: "هَذَا جِبْرِيلُ جَاءَكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ دِينَكُمْ"، بَعْدَ أَنْ أَجَابَهُ عَنْ هَذِهِ الثَّلَاثِ، فَبَيَّنَ أَنَّهَا كُلَّهَا مِنْ دِينِنَا، وَالدَّعْوَةُ إِلَى اللهِ تَعَالَى هِيَ وَظِيفَةُ الْمُرْسلينَ وأتباعِهم وهم خلفاءُ الرُّسُلِ فِي أُمَمِهم وَالنَّاس تبع لَهُم.

English "Ad-Da‘wah ila Allāh" (calling to Allah) is the call to believe in Him and in what was brought by His messengers, and to believe what they said and obey their commands. Part of this is the Da‘wah to the two testimonies of faith, performing prayer, paying Zakah, fasting Ramadān, and performing Hajj, and the Da‘wah to belief in Allah and His angels, books, and messengers, resurrection after death, and belief in divine decree, the pleasant and unpleasant aspects thereof. It also includes Da‘wah to worshiping Allah Almighty as if we can see Him. These three degrees - Islam, faith, and Ihsān - fall within the religion as the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said in the authentic Hadīth: "That was Jibrīl (Gabriel) as he came to teach you your religion." He said that after answering Jibrīl’s three questions. Da‘wah to Allah Almighty is the job of the messengers and their followers, who are the successors of the messengers. It should be conducted with knowledge and patience. It has many apparent good effects. Da‘wah is a collective duty and may sometimes be an individual duty.

وَرَدَ إِطْلاقُ مُصْطَلَحِ الدَّعْوَةِ إِلى اللهِ في عِلْمِ الفِقْهِ في كِتَابِ الجِهَادِ عِنْدَ الكَلامِ عَلَى حُكْمِ الدَّعْوَةِ إِلى الإِسْلامِ قَبْلَ بَدْءِ القِتَالِ هَلْ هِيَ مَشْرُوْعَةٌ أَوْ غَيْرُ مَشْرُوْعَةٌ.

مجموع فتاوى ابن تيمية : (15/ 157-158) و(20/ 7) - مجموع فتاوى ابن تيمية : (15/ 157-158) - جلاء الأفهام : (ص: 415) -