Invoking blessings upon the Prophet - الصَّلاةُ على النَّبِيِّ صلّى اللهُ عليه وسلّم

Allah’s praise of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) before the higher assembly of close angels.

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Seeking forgiveness - اسْتِغْفارٌ

Asking Allah Almighty to pardon one’s sins and to protect him from their consequences.

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Transgression/Aggression - عُدْوانٌ

"‘Udwān": aggression, transgression. It is derived from "ta‘addi", which means: going beyond and overstepping the limit. Opposite: justice. Other meanings: disputing, harming.

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Beseeching - تَضَرُّعٌ

"Tadarru‘": beseeching, imploring, subservience. It is derived from "dar‘", which means: leniency, weakness.

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Saying: may Allah be pleased with so-and-so. - تَرَضِّي

Seeking the pleasure of Allah, the Exalted, regarding someone else.

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Saying ‘amen’ - تَأْمِينُ الدُّعاءِ

Saying ‘amen’ at the end of a supplication made by another person.

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Laudation/Praise - ثناء

Repeating the praises of Allah the Almighty frequently and enumerating them by mentioning His attributes of beauty and praiseworthy actions.

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